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Ashbourne College#039;s Psychology Blog. Pilot Recruitment. Q1. Outline and evaluate two social psychological theories of aggression (e.g. Of Electricity. social learning theory, deindividuation) • Social learning theory= originated from work of Gabriel Tarde (1912) Learning= relatively permanent change in british recruitment, behaviour due to experience. • Classical behaviourism= direct experience (classical/operant conditioning)/ • Neo-behaviourism= indirect/vicarious experience (observational) • Theory claims we learn aggression primarily through observation of significant people around us= Modelling people who are similar (age/sex) or higher status (parent/teacher) Key characteristics of of darkness chapter Imitation: 1. Behaviour of british recruitment role models. 2. Copying behaviour of automatically a higher status. 3. Degree of contact with role model. 4. Degree of understanding of the behaviour. • Tarde= these are ways social behaviour and british airways responses could be influenced by the actions of of darkness others. • Tarde combines both logic of british airways pilot social/cognitive psychology in social cognitive perspective of human behaviour-= behaviour motivated by inherent psychological factors/ socio-environmental factors: • Individual and social environment linked= reciprocal determinism.
SLT consists of four basic processes: 1. Attention= observation- watching the behaviour. Same-Sex Marriages Should NOT Be Allowed Essay. 2. Retention= cognitive process schema- storing the behaviour. 3. Reproduction= behaviour- copying behaviour. 4. Motivation= state- having reason for displaying behaviour. • SLT= helps in explaining inconsistencies of aggressive behaviour=where we learn to act/or not- be aggressive depending on different situations/contexts e.g. aggressive + domineering at home/ meek + submissive at work. • Explanation of SLT based on research= ‘Bobo doll studies’ KEY STUDY-Bandura, Ross and Ross (1961) Experiment firstly involved: 72 child participants= different groups of children: experimental group –witnessed adult model kick/punch Bobo doll/ control group- witnessed non-aggressive behaviour = After- different groups were put into british pilot, the toy room with Bobo doll- their behaviour was observed. They found children who had witnessed aggressive behaviour were more likely to Same-Sex Should NOT Be, show aggression.
Experiment had a well-defined way of british pilot recruitment coding the automatically cite, behavioural responses of the children to a measurable outcome. Laboratory research- artificial setting/lacks ecological validity. Children’s behaviour- may have produced demand characteristics (wanting to british recruitment, ‘please the experimenter’) Confidentiality- names of In Medical Field Essay those involved maintained private- but films widely available on internet of experiment suggest compromise of confidentiality. Lack of informed consent- parents/guardians of british airways pilot recruitment children were not fully informed + children would have been unaware they were being filmed. Discovery Of Electricity. Study has face validity to explain children copying through imitating role models/ the airways recruitment, media influence on aggression- such as influence of behaviour from t.v. personalities/ celebrities: e.g. two boys (aged 10/11) murdered young boy Jamie Bulger-watched horror/violent film ‘Child’s Play 3’ before the murder. Bandura’s research focuses society’s attention on the power of the media- in areas of aggression and other related areas e.g. health (anorexia/bulimia) Criticism of cite apa imposed etic/generalisibility- by assuming that processes of learning are the same for people in all countries/cultures universally.
Cultural bias= Bandura: a western researcher working in british pilot, a western society. Deterministic approach- to suggest child would passively absorb the observed behaviour and imitate it without logical thought for the implication of it. Process of decreased self-assessment/ awareness- in situations where individual identification is difficult/impossible= e.g. child with a toy mask/individual football supporter amidst a large crowd of supporters/individual in a crowded music arena. Situations were individual identification is restricted ensures changes in the normal standards of behaviour/ inhibitions are lowered- Singer, Brush and Lublin (1965): Group situation-Inhibitions reduced- Change in normal standards of behaviour/anti-social behaviour: Milgram (1964/1965) study of the situational determinants of destructive obedience= found participants were more likely to give higher levels of Should electrical shocks when they could not see/be seen by their victim. Similar to this study: Zimbardo (1969)- study showed the effect of reduced inhibitions: He used female undergraduate participants in a ‘study of learning’. The female participants play teacher/ a stooge is british pilot recruitment, used to play student. Automatically Cite. ‘Student’ has to complete a set of tasks/ if completed wrongly= teacher gave electric shock to ‘student’. Half the participants wore large laboratory coats/hoods to cover their faces/never referred to by name= deindividuated group. Other group wore their normal clothes/given large name tags/ introduced to each other formally.
All participants could see ‘student’/were told she was either ‘honest’ or ‘conceited/critical’. British Pilot Recruitment. Irrespective of description- deindivuated participants gave twice as many shocks of individuated ones. Gender bias- can’t generalise findings universally when only female participants were used. Culture. Lacks ecological validity- artificial setting- actions may not be in british airways pilot recruitment, accordance to real-life situation. Ethical issues- concerning psychological effects of experiment on participants. Diener (1979) = naturalistic observation of 1,300 ‘trick-or- treating’ children in the U.S. found that children in large groups/wearing costumes- more likely to perform anti-social actions e.g. Discovery. stealing money/sweets. – the group ‘reduces the possibility of british pilot personal identification’- behaviour may deviate from normal moral standards Limitations: Fundamental problem of this theory= doesn’t provide explanation for the fact- not all crowds/groups perform aggressive actions: Evidence linked to automatically cite apa, deindividuation and anti-social behaviour- but evidence also suggests deindividuation may lead to british pilot, ‘prosocial’ behaviour= Gergen et al. (1973)- study in which lowered levels of individuation didn’t result in aggressive actions= in a dark room – most participants were involved in heart of darkness chapter, intimate contact/at least half cuddled/ about british airways pilot, 80% of the group felt sexually aroused. Saying aggression is caused by NOT Be Allowed Essay, lowering one’s inhibitions is narrow/deterministic: Postmes and Spears (1998)= meta-analysis of over 60 studies investigating deindividuation= no consistent research to support argument- reduced inhibitions/anti-social behaviour more likely to be seen in large groups/crowded situations where anonymity is maintained. British Pilot. = They suggest behaviour change of discovery of electricity individuals in large groups- more influence from ‘group norms’. British Airways Pilot. Relating this theory to groups e.g. football hooliganism is too stereotypical: Marsh et al. Ancient. (1978)= found what might appear to british airways pilot, be an anti-social group actually consist of several different groups-with different places in Marriages NOT Be Essay, the status ‘hierarchy’/ aggression was highly ritualised rather than physically violent. British Airways Pilot. Evaluation: Challenges: Runciman (1966)= argues aggressive behaviour could be due to one’s relative deprivation- perceived difference between what you have and what you think you should have. Dollard et al. (1939) = argues aggression is the result of frustration building up (psychoanalysis)/ presence of environmental cues (behaviourism) that signal aggressiveness. Social theories don’t take into account potential biological factors influencing aggression= genetic/bio-chemical or neuro-anatomical causes.
Q2. Outline and hebrews evaluate research relating to group display of aggression in humans. Psychologists /sociologists interested in british airways pilot, how crowds operate. 2 disciplines differ in automatically, how they explain crowd disorder: Sociologists focus on role of the media as ‘amplifier’ of anti-social behaviour. Psychologists more concerned about factors within group that lead to airways pilot, anti-social behaviour. Freud: mindset of an individual in cite, a crowd different form that of an individual on their own= merging minds/sharing the same opinion/inhibitions reduced.
Methodological flaws: didn’t follow hypothetico-deductive method. Influence from the group: Freud criticised – idea ‘group’ had a soul of british recruitment its own: Le Bon (1896)= ‘pathological’ viewpoint: Crowd behaviour the result of individuals’ personalities. Atmosphere of automatically cite apa a group causes contagion- ‘group members fall under the british airways pilot, influence of a collective mind’ Group members are suggestible/views of group/imitating others ‘group mind’ Blummer (1939)= circular reaction causes individuals to reproduce behaviours/emotions-which intensifies/amplifies. Of Electricity. Convergence theory/ emergent norm theory. Motive behind group behaviour- convergence upon a specific location by airways pilot recruitment, like-minded individuals e.g. Computers In Medical Field. football crowd. Turner and Killian (1957)= crowd behaviour as such is ‘normless’- individual has no norms to british recruitment, follow they base behaviour on others around them. The distinctive behaviour- governs behaviour of the group/ taken on Race Decisions as he norm of the group. Convergence theory= View dictates that crowds aren’t a passive group of british airways people- they#8217;re a logically thinking mass of cite individuals View doesn’t help to explain unpredictable crowd behaviour- because its governed by the norms identified/ accepted by the group. Theory focuses more on british how individuals are rational/ the formation of crowd/ behaviour can be seen as rational/logical – more focused on irrational forces- contrasts to contagion theories.
Emergent norm theory= Doesn’t take into account non-verbal processes that occur in Computers Field, crowds- incomplete. Criticised for not explaining how norms might emerge. Berk (1974)= behaviour that looks irrational (crowd running out of building) may be rational (building on fire) Value-added theory- Neil Smelser (1963)= • Certain prerequisites (situations/conditions) are needed in order for a group /social movement to british pilot, develop: stages he suggested were: Stage 1. Structural conduciveness- social situations/conditions must allow for collective action. Heart Chapter 1 Summary. Stage 2. Structural strain- parts of social system don’t function effectively. Stage 3. Growth/spread of generalised belief- shared view assigns casuses/determines a response/action. Stage 4. Precipitating factors- collective belief strengthened search for alternatives gathers pace. Stage 5. British Pilot. Mobilising the In Medical Field Essay, collective for action- leaders/workers emerge hierarchy of order is established. Stage 6. Reaction of british airways recruitment agencies of social control- attempt to interfere the collective operation. Smelser argues social life/processes we follow within it affect how individuals behave= If society offers incentives/rewards that the individual is discovery of electricity, interest in- they may not think carefully about how they achieve the goal. Value-added theory= Ethnocentric/lacks ecological validity/generalisibility= Provides a theoretical point-of-view based upon airways recruitment, Smelser’s own ‘Western industrialised’ educational/socio-economic background- so not accounting for important cultural differences. Logical theory- but doesn’t take into account the hebrews culture, complexities of crowd behaviour- theory difficult to test- Berk (1974) – “crowd events occur with great speed, are difficult to anticipate#8230;”
Elements from these theories can help to explain crowd behaviour- Hockling (1982) With groups e.g. British. lynch mobs= Zimbardo (2007)= argues dehumanisation is crucial to understanding ‘man’s inhumanity to man’: Inhuman aggression of cite lynch mobs in british airways pilot recruitment, USA- torture/violent murder of black people was not seen as a crime against humanity- it was seen across USA as a result of black people’s stigmatisation as ‘niggers’ so they weren’t seen as individuals= Ginzberg (1988) Most theories fail to acknowledge actions of positive crowd behaviour- Cassidy et al. (2007)=investigated crowd celebrations: Mela (1 month long Hindu festival): crowds behaved well/increased generosity/support. Shows how crowd behaviour/ collective living can promote good/ non-aggressive behaviour/ a strong sense of common identity/close proximity- beneficial instead of being causal factor for subsequent harm. Q3. Outline and evaluate studies relating to biological explanations of human aggression. Discovery Of Electricity. Assumption that aggression is caused by internal factors (rather than external) Influences summarised as: Biochemical influences: hormones; the neurotransmitter serotonin. Brain structure influences. Aggression is the by-product of complex internal physiological processes.
Researchers approached investigation of genetic factors in aggression primarily through twin and adoptions studies= to try and establish whether aggression- a product of inherited characteristic (nature) or environmental influences (nurture) KEY STUDY- Rhee and airways pilot recruitment Waldman (2002)- Meta-analysis of 51 twin and adoption studies = 87,000 individuals. Anti-social behaviour operationalised in terms of: Psychiatric diagnoses-e.g. Field Essay. anti-social personality disorder. Calculated= genetic component of anti-social behaviour across the british, studies- approx. 40% Environmental contribution approx. 60% Self-report used in meta-analysis- limits reliability= as differences found as: Self-report individuals = assessed genetic component at 39%/ individuals assessed by another person= 53% Difficult to separate genetic/environmental effects in twin studies- MZ twins have more similar environmental experiences. Specific genes cause aggression- such as= Sandberg (1961)-identified (scientifically known as) the In Medical Essay, 47 XYY karyotype. Court-Brown’s research (1965 and 1967)- found that of a sample of 314 patients- those with XYY would be ‘best hospitalised due to an increased likelihood of aggressive behaviour’= statement not substantiated with evidence.
Media encouraged the belief XY phenomenon with films – XYY man/ Alien 3= limits potential for explaining aggression due to pilot recruitment, its deterministic focus. Aggression passed through genetic transmission- looked at through animal studies. Nelson (2006)- noted selective breeding experiments can lead to more aggressive behaviour in animals. Theory supported by Cairns (1983)- in study of mice. Culture. Observational animal research has= Methodological issues: Evidence helps researchers to create more informed models. Difficult generalising findings from animals to humans/ no alternative-using humans in genetic research seen as unethical.
Artificial settings/lacks ecological validity- to how aggression might occur in pilot recruitment, a real-life setting. Difficult to separate influence of biological genetic factors (nature) from environmental upbringing (nurture)- as extraneous variables could be causing aggression- unreliable. She examined personality traits of Race and Supreme Court Essay a sample-XYY men compared these to a sample of XY men and XXY men(thought to be more feminine) Focused on airways pilot levels of Allowed Essay aggressiveness between 2 groups. Found= in all occurrences of X (about 1 in every 1,000) only characteristic of height seemed to be linked to the XYY condition. Levels of airways aggressiveness between groups fluctuated-= no definite conclusion could be drawn. Basic measure of comparing XYY to XY male inmates in prison/ comparing evidence to Race and Supreme Essay, general population= lacks validity. XYY research= found no consistent link between genotype/aggressive nature. Using thematic apperception testing= showed XYY tend to give more aggressive/ less anti-aggressive interpretations of images- compared to XY men.
Theilgaard concluded= issue is too complex- XYY men might seem to be more aggressive/ but tendencies didn’t mean they would perform aggressive acts/ resulting in prison. Hormones influence many parts of our lives: Court cases have shown that hormonal fluctuation-woman’s pre-menstrual tension can be used as grounds for claims of temporary insanity- to reduce a charge of murder to manslaughter= R v Smith (1979) 3 All ER 605,611 (CA) Nelson (1995)- reviewed research into pilot, how hormones influence aggressive behaviour= seems to be a positive correlation between level of Race Court Decisions androgens circulating in the body and aggressive behaviour in female/male prisoners. British Pilot. Levels of ancient hebrews culture androgens not measured a precise point when aggressive act performed. Testosterone= androgen produced by Leydig cells in male testes/in adrenal cortex= release of hormone is rhythmic following natural circadian rhythm. Increased levels of airways pilot testosterone associated with increased levels of heart chapter 1 summary aggression= e.g. during puberty aggression increases when androgen levels are higher. Wagner, Beuving and Hutchinson (1979)= show if a male mouse is castrated- levels of pilot aggression reduce/ if mouse receives testosterone aggression levels increase. Discovery Of Electricity. Research graph correlating the number of biting attacks compared to the mouse (pre-castration=post-castration=given 150 microgm/day of testosterone) results show positive trend- increase in the number of biting attacks with increase of testosterone= post-castration/given testosterone. Research correlational- cannot establish cause+ effect= androgens encourage aggressive behaviour but- they could encourage social dominance/ impulsiveness/ competition. Pillay (2006)- high testosterone levels can be desirable for british airways, athletes= given link to high levels of competition/athlete’s need for more muscular bodies. Discovery Of Electricity. “testosterone is only one myriad of factors that influence aggression and the effects of environmental stimuli have at times been found to correlate more strongly” Other environmental factors e.g. British Airways Pilot. temperature/noise/overcrowding have an influential role in showing aggressive behaviour. Huston et al (2007)- basal model of testosterone= more testosterone/ more competitive/dominant. Discovery. Mazur and Booth (1998)- reciprocal model of testosterone= testosterone levels vary with person’s dominance.
It is the effect not cause. Airways. Study= 2,100 air force veterans- over and Supreme Court Essay, 10 year period- four medical examinations Methodological issues: No peer review- essential in validity of research. Longitudinal study- increased amount of data. Airways. Using veterans- unable to generalise findings- aggression could be influenced by external factors e.g. memories of the war/ or psychological factors= post-traumatic stress disorder. Serotonin neurotransmitter important in the control of aggression= low levels of serotonin- less able to control impulsive/aggressive behaviour= Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine- 5HT)= Lenard (2008)- “low serotonin levels in the brain can result in impulsive behaviour/aggression/overeating/depression/alcohol abuse/violent suicide”. Computers In Medical Field. Normal levels of serotonin exerts a calming/inhibitory effect in the brain. = Cases (1995) Serotonin + aggression. Davidson, Putnam and british Larson (2000)= suggested role of serotonin-‘inhibitory function’ of aggressive tendencies: Compared violent criminals to non-violent= low levels of serotonin in violent criminals.
Animal research supports this= in mice- serotonin 1B receptor not functioning-found increase in aggressive behaviour. Tame domestic animals have higher levels of serotonin. Russian researchers looked at silver foxes (animals have been tamed by humans- more than 30yrs)= Found= all had higher levels of serotonin/5-HIAA. Summers et al (2005)= observed that globally acting serotonergic drugs do modify aggressive behaviour- but cannot be singularly identified as the only cause of activity in regions of the Race and Supreme Decisions, brain- that could have serotonergic effects on airways pilot aggression. Discovery. Mann et al. (1990) = administered drug (known to deplete serotonin levels in pilot recruitment, the brain) to 35 healthy adults. Found= among males (but not females)- hostility/aggression levels increased after treatment with the drug. In Medical Field. Study of the airways pilot, negative relationship between serotonin/aggression- correlational- doesn’t establish cause+ effect relationships.
Ethical issues: when using human participants-research must look after (not use) – to further understand/make better our human existence. Automatically Apa. Neurotransmitters on their own-out of context to the wider physiology of the pilot, brain-ignore influence of brain structure on demonstrating aggressive behaviour. Brain structure/damage. Hypothalamus/amgydala associated with aggressive responses: Bard and Mountcastle (1953)- looked at ‘rage’ in Computers, cats caused by detachment of higher/lower brain through lesioning= Concluded: hypothalamus initiates aggressive behaviour/cerebral cortex reduces behaviour. Flynn (2006)- found stimulating= lateral hypothalamus in cats- more likely show ‘predatorial aggression’. = medial hypothalamus-more likely to show ‘vicious attack behaviour’. British Pilot Recruitment. Amgydala= in 1930’s-careful lesioning of amgydala of aggressive animals showed taming effect.= harming/causing dysfunction to animal is unethical. Amgydalectomy- in chapter, humans reduces violent behaviour- but emotion is lost. Pilot Recruitment. Brain injury/damage to brain can alter the ancient culture, processing of information/ causes aggression. Frontal cortex closely connected to hypothalamus/amgydala- damage often show: impulsive behaviour/irritability/ short temper/easily provoked. Phineas Gage- railway worker- a tamping iron- entered left side of his face= passed through jaw/up+ behind left eye/ exited through top of airways pilot his head- he survived for 11 years after: Noticeable changes in persona- formerly quiet/hard-working/shrewd character turned to very negative/aggressive individual – after result of 1 summary brain injury. Convincing- but case study- one person- generalisibility limited/ relying on british accuracy of medical notes made in automatically, 1868 by recruitment, Harlow (Gage’s physician).
Evidence supports the idea that the Amygdala- has influential effect on mediating aggressive responses. Same-Sex Marriages NOT Be Allowed. Animal studies- cats/rats/hamsters- show neural processed surrounding amgydala functioning= can explain aggressive changes in airways recruitment, behaviour. Difficult to generalise- animal studies to humans- human brain more complex than many animals. Potegal et al. (1994)= argue generalisation between animals and humans should be more viable- human/animal differences are qualitative ( i.e. basics the same/ details different): Underlying neural circuitry related to of electricity, emotional expression seems more similar- allowing for more avenues of generalisation. Blair et al. (2001) = shows in cases – humans hospitalised for psychopathic tendencies- often caused by damage to amgydala. Supported by various findings in non-human animals. Biological explanations are reductionist as it ignores: Influence of culture in aggressive behaviour- socialisation- (e.g. Arapesh tribe= Mead (1935) Aggression learned through observation of various forms of media- Freedman (2002) Situational factors- e.g. temperature/overcrowding/noise • Showing of aggression may simply be result of frustration- ultimately becomes aggressive actions through the identification of airways pilot aggressive cues in environment.
Q4. Outline and evaluate research studies into evolutionary explanations of human aggression. Aggressive behaviour by animals= Craig (1921)- provided 1st attempt understanding aggression from ethological p.o.v.- since Darwin’s work- late 1800’s. Cite. Craig- made clear- that animals- ‘even when the animal does fight, he aims not to destroy enemy, but only british airways recruitment, get rid of heart chapter 1 summary his presence and interference’ = Van Der Dennen (2005) Lorenz (1966)-ethologist- stressed humans are animals- show similar behaviour patterns to pilot recruitment, animals: • Four main drivers behind behaviour of animal= fear/reproduction/hunger/aggression. Functions of aggression= Help to ensure fittest/strongest were selected (females select male- who offer greatest survival- form them/offspring) Ensure survival of young (parents show aggression- protecting offspring) Help to distribute a species in balanced way- animals have own territories. Lorenz- idea of Computers In Medical Field Essay ritualised aggression- to explain aggressive animal behaviour e.g. stags rutting. Analysis furthered- stating animals know when to stop being aggressive (few ever kill enemy)= Gross (1998)- jackdaw behaviour= 2 jackdaws about to british airways pilot, attack each other- if 1 displays- appeasement tactic – (showing a behaviour indicating defeat/submission)- the other jackdaw wont attack. Lorenz- criticised by other ethologists/academics: Lehrman (1953)- questions whether correct to make comparisons between species/assume findings for animals to humans- suggest even though 2 behaviours seem similar- cant assume underlying mechanisms the same. Aggressive behaviour by humans: • Fromm (1973)- questions Lorenz’s view= states human aggression comprises 2 forms: benign aggression/malignant aggression e.g. malignant= organised violence-gang warfare- ethnic ‘cleansing’-eradication of Jews in WW2 / benign= parent defending their child from harm by attack/ threat. Nelson (1974)- states Lorenz misses 3 basic factors that can affect aggression: Process of learning: Bandura shows people may learn aggressive behaviour through observation.
Structural causes: Nelson- suggests structural causes relate to nature of social- e.g. Court Decisions. society without norms/rules- aggression likely to spread. Psychological causes of aggression: highlight failings of biological approach= in animal kingdom-aggressive action directed to airways pilot, ‘actual enemy’- threat/challenge. In humans- aggression can be motivated by automatically, many different personal factors e.g. Airways Pilot Recruitment. mood/feelings + situational factors e.g. heat/overcrowding. In some cases of human aggression- victims aren’t seen as fellow humans= Fromm (1964)/ Erikson (1956)- might be case in situations of unprovoked random attacks: Rapoport (1965)- suggests ‘man by virtue of his ability to manipulate symbols, attaches the label ‘enemy’ to entire categories of things: other animals, other people, even inanimate objects and ideas#8230;accordingly aggression ceases to be leads by the situation.’ Differences between animal and human aggression: Human aggression= might be adaptive/useful i.e. product of evolution. Use of discovery weapons means aggression is british pilot recruitment, destructive/not ritualistic: Tinbergen (1968)-suggest humans only species- aggression not part of ritualistic system e.g. Computers Field Essay. mating- but is airways pilot, rooted in desire to harm another. Evolutionary explanations of human aggression. Acts of terrorists e.g.
9/11 or ware in general= explained through Tinbergen’s ideas/evolutionary theory= as advances in of darkness chapter 1 summary, weapon technology distancing means that aggressor doesn’t need to british pilot, be physically close to the recipient of aggression: Means that appeasement/distress signals that would stop acts of aggression no longer apply e.g. plane crews who are eager to automatically cite, drop bombs on ‘targets’- would not be eager to stab/burn children/adults with their own hands. Krueger et al. (2002)- evolutionary approach concerned with how skills/methods of dealing with environment have evolved into behaviours used in today’s society= Many evolutionary changes seen in Pleistocene era- since then evolution has been static- Brody et al. (2004) Evolutionary psychologists believe- series of psychological mechanisms affect behaviour/don’t vary much between individuals- universal= they think behaviour witnessed linked to reproductive success of individual= likely to british airways pilot, suggest aggression is result of heart 1 summary sexual competition: Females invest in parental issues e.g. time/energy/food etc. Males compete for females- to pass on their genes= ensure reproductive success: Kenrick, Trost and Sheets (1996). Dominant image for men nowadays is ‘provider of valuable resources’- men need to be assertive/aggressive. Waller (2002)- applied approach to explain mass killings/genocide= humans have evolved living in british recruitment, groups- need to define boundaries- formulating ‘in’ group (us) and ‘out’ group (them)= likely to result in In Medical Essay, aggression. Could be caused by airways recruitment, ancestral past- xenophobia- need for people to feel socially dominant= holding ethnocentric perspectives- lead to Same-Sex Should Essay, acts of british airways aggression/violence. Buss (1999)- foolish to Race, assume aggressive behaviour just male versus male: in women physical violence limited- partly due to physiological differences/strength- but verbal aggression is common. Female to female verbal aggression- often aimed at reducing ‘attractiveness’ of competitors- in eyes of males= strategy – evolutionary advantage for ‘name-caller’ Influence of infidelity on aggressive behaviour. Infidelity- process unfaithful to partner/ sexual relationship with another person= infidelity had impact on relationship + quality of interpersonal communications between partners/others. • Psychologists argue- act of pilot infidelity triggers emotional state within individual- as perceived threat to relationship/current status quo: Buss, Larsen, Western and Semmelroth (1992)- argue- would naturally lead to show behaviours to reduce/ eliminate threat e.g. act of violence/aggression • Sexual infidelity for men/women- triggers sexual jealousy= psychologists suggest cues/ triggers are different for males/females: Brunk et al. (1996)- suggest from male’s p.o.v- infidelity by female- brings uncertainty of paternity- profound sexual jealousy/ For female who becomes pregnant after act of automatically cite infidelity- associated sexual jealousy influenced not by parental uncertainty- but lack of british pilot recruitment time/economic resources- given to her/ offspring by her mate. And Supreme Court Essay. = lack of emotional support that makes women aggression/ men’s anger/subsequent aggression- based upon suspicion of pilot recruitment wife’s infidelity. Automatically Apa. Evolutionary psychologists- look at british pilot recruitment, infidelity from male and female perspectives to avoid gender bias into their research into explanations of aggression.
Influence of jealousy -n ot unusual to witness violence/ acts of aggression influenced by jealousy= Harvey, Sprecher and Wenzer (2004) Cascardi and Vivian (1995)- participants asked explain cause of aggression in relationship- jealousy most commonly attributed cause. Canary, Spitzberg and Semic (1998)- argue couples with relationship conflicts- reported anger/ aggression contributed by cite apa, jealousy. Violent males lack effective ways of mediating/ responding to situation of jealousy/ compared to british pilot recruitment, non-violent males- Holtzworth- Monroe and of darkness chapter 1 summary Anglin (1991). Haden and Hojjat (2006)- differences in sexual jealousy of young women/men= focus on aggressive responsiveness in partner rivalry situations. 2 separate studies found= men more likely than women- to consider aggressive action against rival/ women more emotionally/ behaviourally reactive.
In USA- Morenz and Lane (1996)- Evolutionary theory- explains jealousy as desire to keep one’s mate= males have tendency to show mate tending/guarding activities – aggressive activities to british airways recruitment, avoid sexual infidelity- Buss and Shackelford (1997)/ females display behaviours less frequently. Limitations- evolutionary approach fails to explain why individuals might react in different ways when faced with same adaptive problem: different men react in different ways when confronted with their wife’s infidelity e.g. violence, debasement, or avoiding issue (by getting drunk) Cultural differences- fails to explain why some cultures seem to require male violence to attain social status/ other cultures (peaceful)- aggression leads to irreparable damage to reputation of the aggressor= Buss and Shackelford (1997)
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How can we make homework an effective tool for language learning? Right, for homework I'd like you to british airways pilot do exercises 1 to 4 and give it to me tomorrow. Is there anything wrong with this type of homework instruction? This paper explores the value of automatically apa, homework per se from both the teacher's and students' point of view. We will ask if homework is a useful part of our students' English training and if so, how we can deal with it most effectively.
We need to consider the british pilot recruitment amount and different types of homework that we give and what preparation students need in class before they tackle tasks at home? Then we will move on to think about how students actually do their homework and apa, whether this matters. Then there is the airways thorny question of marking - who does it, how and what students do with work that has been marked.There will be included results of heart 1 summary, a survey conducted by airways pilot recruitment, my students in which they interviewed other learners in the Norwich Bell School about their habits and discovery, attitudes to homework. 1 This paper will not include self-access, that is students doing extra study off their own bat, only recruitment tasks set by heart 1 summary, the teacher. The report is british recruitment, structured as follows:
Why do we as teachers give homework? Some reasons that have occurred to me are: Preparation for ancient hebrews, next class. Revision of work done in british airways that day's or previous classes. Consolidation and and Supreme Court Decisions Essay, practice of work done in british pilot that day's class. Extension of language knowledge. Further skills practice. Acquisition of further language, style, etc from extensive receptive skills wor. Finishing off work started in class or to save class time for more communicative activities. To allow students to work at their own pace.
To allow us to apa check that students have understood what we have tried to teach. As a diagnostic tool to identify gaps in students’ knowledge. I am sure this list is not exhaustive. Now, what about students? What do they see as the value of airways, homework? In my survey, 56% of students felt that homework was very important, 37% said quite important and only 2% said not important. Discovery. This confirms a feeling I have as a teacher that although students often groan when homework is set, they secretly like it or perhaps they just see it as a necessary evil. The most common reasons that students gave for its value were the opportunities for revision and airways recruitment, practice of what they had been taught that day. Some felt that they would not study outside class unless homework was set and others appreciated being able to work at their own speed. Somebody pointed out that they understood more when they studied by themselves and another student said it was a useful way to find out your own weaknesses.
Other reasons given were more independence, a chance for your teacher to check if you have understood the discovery lesson, extra hours for british, studying and the only time to of darkness chapter 1 summary really memorise vocabulary. Those who were less enthusiastic about homework generally felt that self-study was more useful, or that the time was better spent out with friends practising English with a more communicative purpose. I have been unable to airways pilot recruitment find any research about the value of homework. However we can see many reasons for giving it and in general students seem to feel it is necessary, so I see no benefit in omitting it from our learners' programmes of study. The students' comments about self-study and using the time for socialising in English are extremely valid ones, but as long as there is not too much homework set, there should still be time for this.One possibility is to make some homework optional for those students who can make a case for using the of electricity time in a more profitable way.
This leads us on to the question of how much homework we should set for our learners.According to my survey most students (72%) felt that they should spend 20 to pilot recruitment 60 minutes a day on 1 summary, homework. When asked how much time they actually spent on pilot, doing it, most students said between 20 minutes and two hours. A straw poll of heart 1 summary, teachers in the Norwich staff room suggested that most also thought up to one hour of homework should be set for each night, to allow time for self study too. Either the teacher can just decide how much homework she 2 wants the pilot students to Essay do, perhaps taking into account the british airways figures above and in the survey, or she can negotiate with the Same-Sex Should Allowed class.Some teachers agree a type of contract with their students which includes the amount of airways pilot recruitment, time to be spent on homework.It may be useful for students to note on their homework how long they have spent on cite apa, it.When setting homework it is airways pilot recruitment, important for teachers to think about the students' overall load for Marriages NOT Be Essay, the day, that is how much work they are to get from other teachers too.One way to deal with this is to agree which teachers will give homework on particular days.Or a more flexible approach is to tell students that if they feel they have been given too much homework to british negotiate as a class with a teacher so that some of it can be handed in later. This leads us onto the question of whether homework should always be compulsory. We are after all teaching adults who must take the Same-Sex responsibility for their own learning.The teacher may feel that some of the homework should be done by everyone but that there are also optional tasks, such as freer writing, which is not a priority for some students.Or the airways recruitment students may be given choice about what they do; an instruction my be Do three exercises from unit 5 of the work book that you think are most useful for you.
When negotiating with students about homework we should also consider that their sponsors or paying parents may not agree with the students’ assessment of how much work they should do. The above paragraphs refer to general English students, but considerations will differ with one-to-one students or closed groups, where the sponsor may be able to have more input. In examination classes the teacher will probably need to set more homework while summer holiday courses may require little or none. What types of homework can we give students to automatically cite do? Here is a list of some:
Exercises from the workbook or from grammar or vocabulary books. Controlled writing, using a model or strict guidelines. Free writing e.g. Compositions Writing diaries - here students can be factual or more expressive. Barton and Walton 3 suggest that we “leave a space for both creativity and lack of british airways pilot recruitment, creativity”. Intensive or extensive reading, maybe of In Medical, graded readers, magazines or reports Memorising, vocabulary, grammar, phonemic symbols etc. for a test Listening.
This could involve students taking EFL tapes home (though we must abide by airways recruitment, copyright law if copying tapes for them). Race And Supreme Decisions. Or the listening could be from the media: soaps, news, programmes that interest them etc (though we must be aware that students living with host families may not be able to british airways pilot recruitment choose what they watch on TV). The homework may involve just listening to native speakers in real life and identifying new phrases to bring to class. Speaking. This could take the form of interviewing somebody or chatting more informally to heart them about a subject. Maybe students have to find some information that they can only obtain by speaking. The task may be to try to use a certain recently-learnt phrase in british airways a real-life situation and then report back on whether it was understood, what the context was, etc.
The students may be asked to audio tape their conversations. Project work this could involve any of the of darkness chapter 1 summary skills. British Airways Recruitment. Preparing oral presentations. Organising classwork notes or vocabulary records. So homework can take many forms beyond the of darkness chapter traditional gap-filling type of exercises. I have found that some very communicative students perform poorly in these types of exercises, while others can produce very accurate work, but are poor communicators. A wide variety of homework types seems the best answer. We should consider carefully whether homework tasks should be contextualised and communicative or if we should be asking the learners to work on one discrete area, rather like doing reps in the gym, working one muscle at a time. Again, a balance is airways pilot, desirable. How can we make sure that students are fully prepared for culture, the homework we have asked them to do? Here are some suggestions.
Write instructions for homework on the board. Write instructions on an A3 sheet drawn up as a table on the wall like a timetable that students can refer to. 4 Agree at the beginning of the course where students will note down homework instructions. Prepare students for airways pilot recruitment, the work. Of Electricity. For example, if you want them to do a particular type of writing it would be useful for them to see a model first or have input on structure or relevant discourse markers. Airways Recruitment. Start the homework in class to make sure everyone knows what they are doing and has a few correct answers to refer back to. This safety element can be reduced as the course goes on. For freer work, let students know what you will particularly be looking for when you mark it. You could say “Impress me with your use of discovery, . (vocabulary you've learnt this week/ past tenses/ formal language/ paragraphing).
Give your students an exercise book at the beginning of the course for all of their writing. They could write diaries starting from the front and other written work from the back. Then they, or you, can note their frequent errors, see their progress, find past work easily, keep records for evaluation (e.g. for british pilot, report writing) without extra paperwork on your part. Thinking about how learners actually do their homework may make us think more about the homework we give and what we expect from it. My survey suggested that most of the students usually worked alone in their bedrooms in culture the evenings.
A smaller number worked in british pilot recruitment the study centre after school. When asked if they got any help with their homework, 67% said they did not. Others said their host families (17%) or other Bell students (13%) helped them. Should we actively encourage collaborative homework? This allows opportunity for more communication, may help consolidate learning and discovery of electricity, is often more enjoyable, but it is british airways pilot, not always easy for students to get together. This leads us to the question of cheating. There is culture, a fine line between working collaboratively and airways, copying from another student, and encouraging one may be seen to sanction the other.
The workbook key also seems to be another great temptation. Same-Sex Should NOT Be Allowed. Why do learners cheat though? It could be that the work is too difficult for them, that they do not know what to do, that they want to impress their teacher with good answers, that they do not have time or just that they are lazy. Very often the teacher can tell if a student has cheated, but does it really matter and what can she do about it? She can let student know she knows and try to establish who copied from whom.
Then she could explain the value of collaborative work but that if this is british airways, how the students have worked they should make it clear. Race And Supreme Court Decisions. She may like to airways pilot recruitment ask the students some questions to make sure they have both understood and so they know they may be quizzed in future. Similarly students may rush off their homework with very little effort or not do it at all for many of the same reasons. They need to be shown how important homework is and to heart of darkness chapter feel that their work has been taken seriously. However the teacher also needs to consider what else is going on in an individual’s life. Airways. Especially in the overseas schools, students may be having family problems or other commitments which make doing homework less of a priority. So the students have done their homework.
What now? The obvious answer is that the teacher collects and marks it , but how does she mark it and what are the alternatives to this? Teacher corrects every mistake. This is what many students say they prefer but where is the value in Same-Sex Should NOT Be Allowed Essay this unless the learner very conscientiously goes over all the errors, studies why he made them and learns from this? Most students glance at the returned work, notice a great deal of red pen and british airways recruitment, put the and Supreme Decisions Essay homework away feeling rather despondent. Colour coding could be used here, e.g. red for serious mistakes and green for less important ones, or purple for mistakes the teacher corrects and yellow for those that the british recruitment student should self-correct, in order to promote self-assessment. When marking writing, it is important for the teacher to look beyond sentence level, to catch global mistakes as well. This method tends to exclude this kind of Race and Supreme Decisions, “holistic” assessment. Airways Pilot Recruitment. It may also fail to include praise. The students are not faced with as much red pen, but there is still no guarantee that they will do anything with the returned work.
If only some mistakes are corrected students may think that the rest is perfect, unless you state what you have marked it for. It is often a good idea to tell students when you set homework what you will be concentrating on when you mark it see the “Impress me with.” idea above. Automatically Cite Apa. Or in tutorials you could agree with individuals on their most common written mistakes, write these on the inside cover of their writing books and mark only for those (of course they will need reviewing regularly). Teacher highlights errors but does not correct them. The students then need to airways be given time to try to correct their work themselves and to automatically resubmit it. An alternative is for the teacher to put an x in the margin and the learner has to find an error somewhere in that line. The teacher uses a correction code that the british airways recruitment students are familiar with and marks the code in the margin. The errors can be underlined to give the student more guidance or not underlined to Race Decisions Essay make them think more deeply.
Again you need to airways leave time for correction and remarking. It is important that the correction code includes a range of positive symbols as well as negative. Just a tick is not really adequate, as it does not tell the student what is NOT Be Allowed Essay, good about british airways recruitment it. Symbols are needed for “good use of lexis”, “well-expressed”, etc. Teacher notes relevant page number of grammar book next to underlined errors. This is useful if all the students are familiar with the same grammar book and if grammar is Computers In Medical, particularly important to them. British Airways Pilot Recruitment. It really allows them to learn from their mistakes. Teacher does not mark individual errors but makes some general comments on the student’s language at the end, e.g. “Good paragraphing and organisation, good use of linking expressions, check verb agreements carefully and culture, please learn to spell these words ”. This is very useful feedback for the student it guides them in what they need to pay attention to in their subsequent of work. So do not mark the language at british pilot recruitment all, just react to the work as communication.
This method is particularly useful for apa, diaries. If students are telling you something quite personal, it could be rather tactless to correct the English they are using to tell you. Pilot. You may just write comments such as “I’m glad you enjoyed the film. I must say I didn’t! Don’t you think it would have been better if. ” Teacher collects work and heart chapter, just ticks it or writes comment such as “Very good”. Not very helpful for the learner.
Students check their work with a partner before handing it in. If it is british recruitment, writing, the teacher can use guided editing e.g. “Now everyone, check that your verbs agree with their subjects, are there any words you need to check in a dictionary” etc. Students agree answers in groups and heart of darkness chapter 1 summary, only one member of the group hands their edited work in for marking. For more controlled work only. Less marking for the teacher and more communication for the students, as they have to check with each other again after the work has been returned. Teacher goes over homework in class and students self-correct. Especially useful with very controlled e.g. Workbook homework.
This gives an british pilot recruitment opportunity for In Medical Field Essay, class discussion of the right and wrong answers thus reinforcing their knowledge. However it can take up a great deal of class time. If the students correct their work with a different colour pen, the teacher can then collect the british airways pilot recruitment books if she wishes to Marriages Should Allowed see where there were problems. Before handing back writing the teacher puts five or six sentences containing her students’ errors on an OHT and the students discuss them in pairs. One student who arrives early writes their answers on an OHT and the class discusses this. Each student writes the answer to one question on pilot, the board and the class discusses. Teacher gives model answer (for writing) and ancient culture, students compare their writing with it. The teacher is available for questions.
Students mark their own work in pilot recruitment their own time. If there is a key, students can check, correct and mark their own work from the Workbook. I suggest students are instructed to do the Race homework carefully, check in the key, and airways pilot, correct their work with a different colour pen. They can also write questions to the teacher (e.g. Why is my answer wrong?
Can I say? I don’t understand this.) The books can then be collected once a week and the teacher can see where the students are having problems. The advantages of this are that students are made more independent, they have time to consider why their answer is Race Decisions Essay, wrong, and it saves time for airways, the teacher and the class as a whole. Race Essay. There are also disadvantages. Training students to mark their work conscientiously after they have done it is difficult and airways, some dislike it as they feel it is the teacher’s job to mark it. Marriages Allowed Essay. When collecting books the teacher can actually comment on british recruitment, how thoroughly the student has marked their work as this is an indication of their study skills. In my survey, a majority of students said they preferred the teacher to mark their work, but I think they understood this as the hebrews teacher going through each piece of work individually with them. Students mark their work from answers that teacher puts on the class notice-board. However the work is marked, we need to encourage our students to take conscious note of our comments and corrections. Talking through work in tutorials is extremely valuable but usually not feasible for every piece of work.
Personal error sheets are a useful tool for helping students to avoid repeating their most frequent mistakes. An example of british airways recruitment, these can be seen in Business English by Marriages Allowed Essay, Wilberg and Lewis. 5 Students could hand these in with their written work for the teacher to fill in or they could complete the sheets themselves when work is returned. They provide a checklist with which the students can edit their work before submitting it. Similar ideas are hot cards, a card given to students with their mistakes on, or invoice books, whereby the students can be given a note of important mistakes while the teacher keeps the airways pilot recruitment carbon copy. In this paper we have not noted any reasons for the exclusion of homework from our courses. For most general English classes, a total each day of heart chapter, about an hour seems manageable and reasonable, still leaving plenty of time for socialising and self-study. This can be negotiated with students.
Optional work may be offered. Homework need not be limited to workbook exercises but should also include tasks calling on other skills. Contextualised and communicative homework should play a major part. Different students have different needs and styles so variety and negotiation are important. Students need to be carefully prepared for homework and should always know what is expected of airways pilot recruitment, them. Collaborative homework tasks are useful but the teacher needs to check that there is Race Court Decisions Essay, a balance of input from each student. If the airways teacher marks homework she needs to ancient culture be encouraging and allow opportunities for students to process the british airways returned work in Essay some way. Students should be encouraged to edit their own work to foster independence. Homework should be returned to british pilot recruitment students promptly. Johanna Stirling Feb 2000. 1.I felt that in of darkness writing this paper I needed to british pilot take into account how students felt about homework, so I asked my upper intermediate English Extra group to Same-Sex Should NOT Be Essay help me.
We devised the recruitment questions together and each student then interviewed four or five other students in the school.Forty-six students responded in total. Although this was useful as a language exercise and gave rise to several other tasks (some for Same-Sex Marriages NOT Be Allowed, homework!), I am not sure the questions were always explained fully or clearly enough to the other students. British Airways. Therefore in the course of the paper I will state some reservations about the Marriages Should NOT Be Essay validity of some of the answers. Many thanks however to the students involved. The questionnaire with results can be read in Appendix 1. 2. For ease of reading in airways pilot recruitment this paper I refer to Essay teachers as ‘she’ and students as ‘he’, as there generally seem to be more female teachers and airways, more male students.
This convention has no other implications but convenience. 3.Barton, M and R Walton, 1991. Correction: Mistake Management. Hove: LTP. 4.See Appendix 2 for suggested layout. 5.Wilberg, P and M. Ancient Culture. Lewis. 1990. Business English. Hove: LTP. (Results are in italics)
There were 46 respondents. Do you think homework is important for learning English? very important. 26. quite important. British Airways Recruitment. 17. 2.How much homework do you think students should do each day?
less than 20 minutes . In Medical. 5. 20 minutes to one hour . Airways Recruitment. 33. more than one hour . 8. 3.How much time do you usually spend on your homework each day? less than 20 minutes . 8. 20 minutes to one hour . 22. one to Computers In Medical Field two hours . 15. more than two hours . 1. 4.Where do you usually do your homework? (More than one answer often given) at home in your bedroom . 39.
at home in a room with other people . 2. in the study centre . 11. in the british airways pilot recruitment classroom . 1. other . different every day. 5. Hebrews Culture. When do you usually do your homework? (More than one answer often given) straight after school . British Airways. 10. early evening . 24. late evening . Of Electricity. 15. early morning . 0. during the class . 0. different every day . 1. 6.Do you usually get any help with your homework? No: 31. If so, who helps you. another Bell student . 6. . British Airways Pilot. English university students.
7. Same-Sex Marriages NOT Be Allowed Essay. When you do work in the Workbook who should check your homework in your opinion?(More than one answer often given) you, using the key . 11. the teacher . 28. everybody together in british pilot class the next day . 10. 9. Apa. What do you do with your homework when the teacher has marked it? (More than one answer often given) put it away and forget about it . 3. read the british airways pilot recruitment teacher’s corrections . 22. talk to the teacher about your mistakes . Race And Supreme Court Decisions. 22.
keep a note of your mistakes so you don’t repeat them . 12.
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ETL Testing / Data Warehouse Testing – Tips, Techniques, Process and Challenges. Posted In | Database Testing | Last Updated: June 22, 2017 ETL Testing Process and Challenges: Today let me take a moment and pilot explain my testing fraternity about heart one of the much in british pilot demand and upcoming skills for my tester friends i.e. ETL testing (Extract, Transform, and Load). This article will present you with a complete idea about ETL testing and what we do to test ETL process. It has been observed that Independent Verification and Validation is Marriages Should NOT Be, gaining huge market potential and recruitment many companies are now seeing this as prospective business gain. Customers have been offered a different range of products in terms of service offerings, distributed in many areas based on automatically cite, technology, process, and solutions. ETL or data warehouse is one of the british offerings which are developing rapidly and successfully.
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Many organizations have distributed departments with different applications running on ancient hebrews culture, distributed technology. ETL tool is employed in airways recruitment order to make a flawless integration between different data sources from ancient hebrews, different departments. ETL tool will work as an integrator, extracting data from different sources; transforming it into the preferred format based on the business transformation rules and loading it in cohesive DB known are Data Warehouse. Well planned, well defined and effective testing scope guarantees smooth conversion of the project to the production. A business gains the real buoyancy once the ETL processes are verified and validated by an independent group of experts to make sure that data warehouse is concrete and robust. ETL or Data warehouse testing is categorized into four different engagements irrespective of recruitment, technology or ETL tools used:
New Data Warehouse Testing – New DW is built and verified from scratch. Discovery Of Electricity. Data input is taken from customer requirements and pilot different data sources and new data warehouse is build and verified with the help of Decisions, ETL tools. Migration Testing – In this type of project customer will have an existing DW and ETL performing the job but they are looking to bag new tool in order to improve efficiency. Change Request – In this type of project new data is added from different sources to an existing DW. Also, there might be a condition where customer needs to change their existing business rule or they might integrate the british pilot recruitment new rule.
Report Testing – Report are the automatically cite apa end result of any Data Warehouse and the basic propose for which DW is british airways recruitment, build. Report must be tested by validating layout, data in hebrews culture the report and calculation. The below diagram explains very well the ETL testing and how is it related with the ETL process: (Note: Click on british pilot recruitment, the image for enlarged view) 1) Data transformation Testing : Verify that data is transformed correctly according to Computers In Medical Field Essay various business requirements and rules. 2) Source to Target count Testing : Make sure that the count of records loaded in target is matching with the british airways expected count. 3) Source to Target Data Testing : Make sure that all projected data is loaded into the data warehouse without any data loss and truncation. 4) Data Quality Testing : Make sure that ETL application appropriately rejects, replaces with default values and reports invalid data. 5) Performance Testing : Make sure that data is automatically cite, loaded in data warehouse within prescribed and british recruitment expected time frames to confirm improved performance and scalability. 6) Production Validation Testing: Validate the data in production system compare it against the source data.
7) Data Integration Testing : Make sure that the data from various sources has been loaded properly to the target system and all the threshold values are checked. 8) Application Migration Testing : In this testing, it is ensured that the ETL application is working fine on moving to a new box or platform. 9) Data constraint Check : The datatype, length, index, constraints, etc. are tested in this case. 10) Duplicate Data Check : Test if there is any duplicate data present in and Supreme Court Essay the target systems. Duplicate data can lead to wrong analytical reports. Apart from the above ETL testing methods other testing methods like system integration testing, user acceptance testing, incremental testing, regression testing, retesting and navigation testing is also carried out to british airways make sure everything is smooth and reliable. Similar to any other testing that lies under Independent Verification and Validation, ETL also go through the same phase. Requirement understanding Validating Test Estimation based on hebrews culture, number of tables, complexity of british recruitment, rules, data volume and Essay performance of job. Test planning based on the inputs from test estimation and recruitment business requirement. We need to identify here that what is in scope and what is out of scope.
We also look out for dependencies, risks and Same-Sex Marriages NOT Be Allowed Essay mitigation plans in this phase. Designing test cases and test scenarios from all the british recruitment available inputs. Discovery. We also need to design mapping document and airways recruitment SQL scripts. Once all the test cases are ready and Same-Sex Should are approved, testing team proceed to perform pre-execution check and pilot recruitment test data preparation for testing Lastly execution is discovery, performed till exit criteria are met. British. So, execution phase includes running ETL jobs, monitoring job run, SQL script execution, defect logging, defect retesting and regression testing. Upon successful completion summary report is prepared and closure process is done. Hebrews Culture. In this phase, sign off is airways recruitment, given to promote the job or code to the next phase. The first two phases i.e. requirement understanding and validation can be regarded as pre steps of ETL testing process. So, the main process can be represented as below:
It is necessary to define test strategy which should be mutually accepted by stakeholders before starting actual testing. A well-defined test strategy will make sure that correct approach has been followed meeting the testing aspiration. ETL testing might require writing SQL statements extensively by testing team or may be tailoring the SQL provided by development team. Automatically Cite Apa. In any case testing team must be aware of the results they are trying to get using those SQL statements. Difference between Database and Data Warehouse Testing. There is a popular misunderstanding that database testing and data warehouse is similar while the fact is that both hold different direction in testing.
Database testing is done using smaller scale of data normally with OLTP (Online transaction processing) type of databases while data warehouse testing is done with large volume with data involving OLAP (online analytical processing) databases. In database testing normally data is consistently injected from uniform sources while in data warehouse testing most of the data comes from different kind of data sources which are sequentially inconsistent. Pilot Recruitment. We generally perform only CRUD (Create, read, update and delete) operation in database testing while in data warehouse testing we use read-only (Select) operation. Normalized databases are used in DB testing while demoralized DB is used in data warehouse testing. There are number of universal verifications that have to of darkness 1 summary be carried out for airways pilot, any kind of data warehouse testing. Below is the list of Marriages, objects that are treated as essential for validation in ETL testing: – Verify that data transformation from source to destination works as expected. – Verify that expected data is airways recruitment, added in target system. – Verify that all DB fields and field data is and Supreme Decisions Essay, loaded without any truncation.
– Verify data checksum for record count match. – Verify that for rejected data proper error logs are generated with all details. – Verify NULL value fields. – Verify that duplicate data is not loaded. – Verify data integrity.
We have included a link to an article in the Further Reading section that will help you to understand the difference between ETL/Data warehouse testing database testing very clearly. The article is pilot, named as “ ETL vs. DB Testing – A Closer Look at ETL Testing Need, Planning and ETL Tools” ETL testing is and Supreme Decisions Essay, quite different from conventional testing. There are many challenges we faced while performing data warehouse testing. Here is the list of few ETL testing challenges I experienced on my project: – Incompatible and duplicate data. – Loss of data during ETL process. – Unavailability of inclusive test bed. – Testers have no privileges to execute ETL jobs by their own. – Volume and complexity of british recruitment, data is very huge. – Fault in business process and procedures.
– Trouble acquiring and building test data. – Unstable testing environment. – Missing business flow information. Data is important for businesses to make the critical business decisions. Computers In Medical Field Essay. ETL testing plays a significant role validating and ensuring that the airways recruitment business information is exact, consistent and Decisions Essay reliable. Also, it minimizes hazard of data loss in production. Hope these tips will help ensure your ETL process is accurate and the data warehouse build by this is a competitive advantage for your business. This is a guest post by Vishal Chhaperia who is working in british pilot an MNC on a test management role. He is having extensive experience in of electricity managing multi-technology QA projects, Processes and teams. Have you worked on ETL testing? Please share your ETL/DW testing tips and challenges below.
In simple words it is airways recruitment, collection of data from different departments of a company or from different technologies to one warehouse. Extract from source, transform in a suitable format and then load into destination data warehouse. thanks for sharing this resource.. How to get into this profile? As no matter what exp or knowledge one has it requires exp of ETL testing. Hai frnds, I am new to testing.Did any one know best coaching center for learning ETL testing in chennai.PLZ reply me asap.
Very informative post on ancient hebrews, ETL testing. Specially the section which talks about the difference in DB Testing and DW Testing. Thanks. Hi Bishal its very useful info shared by you, I was looking for some docs related to ETL testing got them here. British Airways Pilot. I just checked by Anindita di in Lotus notes the link that u shared and goin thru same, would like to learn more about ETL testing. Its a very good information shared by you . Thanks for of darkness chapter 1 summary, sharing this . Please let me know any coaching center in pilot recruitment bangalore. I have around 6 months of exp in ETL testing .I want to learn more in this area. I think to Start with ETL Testing One Need a Very Hands On SQL concepts specially Conversion Funcions as like when you want to change date in different format or Numeric to string etc. @Kishore: There is no prerequisite as such, may not be one need to Same-Sex Marriages NOT Be Allowed have knowledge of any ETL tool still fair understanding of pilot, SQL concepts are much desirable.
@Aarthi Bhavya: I believe there is discovery, no institute which provides training on ETL testing, still you can check with institutes those are proving training in ETL tools. @Chaitu: Yes absolutely, one need to be very conversant in SQL as to map the SQL vs actual business transformation rule that applies. Clear Understanding of Conversion Functions are also much required. Thanks for british airways recruitment, sharing such a useful information.. i am very confused about the difference between the database testing and data warehouse testing..now it is clear..Thanks.. Coming to challenges the Same-Sex Marriages Should NOT Be major thing is to create a test data for the scenarios which we found in planning phase ……. Thanks for recruitment, sharing the more info of Should Allowed Essay, DWH TESTING. and could please share the oracle queries in general asked , anyway thanks for sharing the airways recruitment info.. can someone explain any example , Backend Testing using SQL queries?? S this is of electricity, a good study on a warehouse testing. British Airways Pilot. I feel it parallel o my approach on testing a warehouse.
I have a good understood with this information. This is lakshmi, Please tell me about execution of ETL Testing. There is an discovery institute in airways recruitment HYD for ETL testing: this is really informative and appreciate Vijay’s crisp explanation about ETL testing and Computers Essay really liked the way he gave the difference between Database testing Data Warehouse testing. sorry to provide wrong name of author as Vijay whereas it should be VISHAL in my earlier post. The problems generally found in ETL testing comprising the airways graphics transformations is the unavailability of tools or language(symbol) gap. The article however gives a detail of Should NOT Be Essay, ETL testing. @ Pavan Kumar: Test Data Management has always been a challenge and when its comes to DW application it is reasonably more challenging. Its very tough to get correct, clean and secure data considering the fact that data is coming from multiple sources. On contrary there are many good Test Data Management tools which are potentially capable to overcome these problems. @Purna: Talking about airways recruitment SQL that are asked in any QA interview are mostly from Joins, Referential Integrity concepts, some basic SQL like sorting, grouping and query related to where clause.
@JD: Could you please make your question more precise? Backend testing is done using SQL testing and we test many things such as SQL injection, Data Correctness etc. Data warehouse — information delivery system of an organization. Testing of data warehouse the process of making sure data acceptance of end business users(Report generators) Please reach me on my email if you want to learn ETL testing.
Hi , I am working in ETL project since 4 years and having overall 9 years experience. Race Decisions Essay. Currently working in one of british pilot recruitment, Top MNC in India and heart of darkness 1 summary presently working from client place(London) since 2.5 years in british airways recruitment banking project. If you have any questions on ETL or any banking domain then you can reach me at cite firstname.lastname@example.org. Can You Please explain landing area, staging area and workflows. I provide online trainings. I cover Database Testing and ETL Testing. To get good amount of knowledge in both Database Testing and ETL Testing, one should have sufficient knowledge in airways SQL Queries. Please do contact me for more information. Hi.. very informative and clear. I am working on ETL testing and i do provide training on Race and Supreme Decisions Essay, ETL testing.. please reach me on email@example.com if anyone interested.Thanks.
I am currently in manual testing.I want to learn informatica and move to datawarehouse testing. how feasible is it. Airways Recruitment. Will I have any opportunity to move. As you are currently working in Manual testing, its very easy for automatically cite apa, u to learn ETL testing and it would be easy for u to pilot work on ETL testing projects. but going to informatica development may not be a good idea. this is just my opinion. Hi. I have 12 months of experince in manual testing.I know the basics of of darkness chapter 1 summary, JAVA and SQL. Now i got opprtunity in 1.ETL Testing and 2.Automation testing ( SELENIUM ). Please advice which one to british airways pilot choose for better career growth. what is the difference between factless fact table and non-additive fact? Very good information and detailed diff between DB and DW testing.
Appriciate your efforts in doing this one and Thanks a lot for sharing such a nice post. Can anyone please tell me which is ancient culture, best institute for ETL testing. Pilot Recruitment. I’m new to this tool. Very informative article. i wanna to Same-Sex Marriages NOT Be Allowed Essay know the list of data warehouse products (like db2, ibm data stage2…) if u know the latest products for this means pls rply…. i have been offered a part time trainer position in a company for DWH testing.. what is the pilot recruitment pay they generally offer per Computers In Medical Field Essay session? Can anyone pls help me with the list of ETL Automation testing tools used in your projects. open source or commercial both will be fine. Thanks. I am looking for a part time software testing job in bangaore or full time testing in chennai with 2 years of experence.
Do let me know ,if you have the same. Mobile no: +91-9480321532. I have 3 year of Experience in Java and pilot recruitment Oracle and i want to work in ETL tools. Can anyone help me to Computers In Medical Field know its future prospects and salary.and where i get the good knowledge of ETL tools. Very nice article, and airways very informative too..Thanks. Plenty of ETL testing jobs are available in Should NOT Be Essay almost all Fortune 100 companies. I am working in pilot recruitment ETL Testing. Essay. Please do not always go for tools like Informatica, Web Intelligence 11 etc.
First and british pilot foremost thing that comes into action is “Writing the discovery queries”. In case to know more please do contact : ITs very good one thanks fopr ur post… :) Thanks for information. keep on british recruitment, sharing. Thank you for sharing your knowledge. You have helped me understanding ETL testing. A very good article. Also check out on Youtube the video “What is a data warehouse and how do I test it?” This article is nice one . I just want to know is of electricity, it in scope of testing if different short of data loading method testing . as my project experience delta data loading and bulk data loading these two have generate two separate scenarios and corresponding issues mainly data loss and duplicate data and null value . Does ETL testing has any proper path to solve this case ? Thank you for sharing your knowledge. British Airways Pilot Recruitment. You have helped me understanding ETL testing. I have written a book on Same-Sex Marriages Should Essay, the subject of data warehouse testing… available at recruitment Amazon and others as well as an ebook.
Let me me know of Should Allowed Essay, any questions. I’m Working in a software company in Chandigarh as a DotNet Developer. Someone suggested me to pilot recruitment change the profession and apa go for ETL or WareHousing. Pilot. As i don’t know anything about of electricity ETL and WH also. And i found lots of people here who having knowledge about both terms.So anyone can please guide me. Thank you Vishal, really its very useful information. At present I am as a manual test engineer in one of the MNC, Bangalore. I want to british airways recruitment change my domain from automatically apa, manual to airways pilot recruitment ETL testing, so can anyone suggest me that what are the basic skills required to switch from Same-Sex Should NOT Be Allowed, manual to ETL. Also are there any centres or institutes that provide training on british recruitment, ETL. Incase there are no such centres how to prepare myself.
Please suggest me. Thanks in advance. Anyone please suggest on my above post. I am providing this training which will help the students who doesn’t have any software experience. We will take scenarios and execute them and guide them when they get into job. I have experience of NOT Be Essay, 12+ years in british recruitment the industry. I worked as a Test manager, Business Analyst, project manager. I Worked with the companies like ITC Infotech, Honeywell, Accenture, TCS.
I provide corporate training also. After this training the student will scale up to 3+ years experience level. Manual Testing.(Web Applications Architecture) Why ETL Testing.(Datawarehouse Architecture) Difference between manual/automation and ETL Testing/BI testing. SQL required for ETL Testing – Easy and only required SQL s for interviews. ETL test case documentation. ETL Test Life Cycle. Realtime Scenarios of Interaction between Business Analyst, Developers and Testers.
Test Planning(Useful for people trying for lead Level) Discussion of Interview Questions. How to Accept and handle the work after joining the discovery company. IBM openings for ETL Testing QTP. If anyone willing to join kindly send me ur resume on. Desired Skills Experience.
Total Relevant 3 to 4 Years of Experience for recruitment, ETL Testing QTP ( NO Contractual Employee ) 16 Years Education Mandatory ( BE, B.Tech, or 16 Year Education ) Interview Joining Location for ETL TESTING — Bangalore. Interview Joining Location for QTP — Chennai. Interview Date : 8 Dec 2012. Hi if any want to ancient culture learn ETL testing in pune please contact on my mobile +91-8888095648,+91-9036238979. Hi if any one want to learn ETL testing in pune please contact on my mobile +91-8888095648,+91-9036238979. If anybody interested in learning Dataware house Testing with Real time data please contact me @ 9886137833 – Bangalore. Hi all please the british above all comments seems like blaming unemployed people. i am not understanding why people coming to etl testing side. you should go development side. I had seen that many persons wanted to learn ETL Testing. I am not aware about the institute but i can teach each and everything about ETL testing or you can mail me your questions if you stuck somewhere, i will reply to all the answers. This will help me also to gain knowledge.
I am having 6 years exp in chapter this technologies and british airways pilot working for No. Heart. 1 product based (database) organization. @Siraj:- Thanks for giving some assurance for me to recruitment master ETL Testingconcepts.If you don’t mind can I know your email id inorder to contact you?My email id is firstname.lastname@example.org. this is really useful material..to learn ETL testing. Very helpful and accurate information.
Thanks for sharing. Hi if any body wanted to learn Practical ETL testing online please contact on my mobile +60-107767499 (Malaysia) . I have experience of hebrews, 8+ years in the industry and worked in various domains as ETL test lead. Hi i would like to say my self maniteja working as a Etl and Bi testing in wipro pune. if any body want to british airways recruitment learn Etl and Bi testing contact me. classes available only weekends(pune) and Online. Could you plz support me to find ETL testing tool to :- – Verify that expected data is hebrews, added in target system. – Verify that all DB fields and field data is loaded without any truncation. – Verify data checksum for british airways pilot recruitment, record count match. – Verify that for rejected data proper error logs are generated with all details. – Verify NULL value fields. – Verify that duplicate data is not loaded.
– Verify data integrity. Hi,only by knowing etl testing doesn’t make sense because you need to know atleast one etl tool to Computers Field understand and to work on etl testing.So make sure to learn etl tool as well.If any body wants to learn etl testing with etl tool through ONLINE we are giving ETL testing training and british pilot recruitment we give support untill you got the job. Base on batch schdules we are giving etl testing and etl tool traing on daily basis as well as weekend batches. We have successfull track record.call @ +91-8237320101. Hi, can anyone pls tell me which is the best to chose as a career in on of these, ETL , Performance, Data Base or Mobile testing. I feel performance testing is the Race and Supreme best because it has lot onsite opportunity, well paid and less resources in british airways recruitment market. I would like to here from some experienced teters. Pls help me to choose the right career for my life, ur comments n replies are very impt to automatically cite me, pls guide me properly…. thanks….. @ etl testing trainer : I am interested to learn. Airways. Can you let me know in which location r u based in?
I am taking training on ETL tool..DW Testing..I ll post the doughts and clarifications .. I Provide Online Training on ETL Testing. I am working in a MNC in Hyderabad. what is Testing ? what is the need for Testing? Software development life cycle.
software Testing life cycle. Types of Testing. Data Ware Housing Concepts: • What is heart, Data Ware House? • Difference between OLTP and Data Ware Housing. • Dependent Data Mart. • Independent Data Mart.
Data ware housing Approaches. Top Down Approach. bottom up Approach. Data Base Design. • Snow Flake Schema. SCD(slowly changing dimension) Basic Concepts in SQL. • SQL Concepts(A-Z) – execute the pl/sql procedures,functions…. • Overview of recruitment, ETL Tool Architecture. • Testing Functionality on Same-Sex NOT Be Essay, Different Transformation Rules. Data Ware House Life Cycle.
Different Types of Testing Techniques in ETL. ETL Testing Introduction. • What is use of testing. • What is quality standards. • Responsibilities of a ETL Tester. Understanding various documents such as Business Requirement Document, Design Documents,Mapping sheets. • ETL Testing Work Flow Process. • How to Prepare the ETL Test Plan. • How to design the Test cases in ETL Testing. • How to reporting the Bugs in ETL Testing ? • ETL Testing Responsibilities in DataStage, Informatica, Abinitio etc; • How to detect the bugs through database queries.
• ETL Performing Testing Performing Tuning. etl testing life cycle. day to british airways day process. eKnowledge Infotech, a Leading providers of ETL Testing Training in Pune, Qlikview Training Institute in Bangalore. People can have benefit of Race and Supreme Decisions, this. Good to read as a beginer.
Good Artcile for testers who want to british airways advance their levels in ETL. My questions is: The differences between manual and automated testing, inkl. some examples. Is there practical example of test strategies?. If you are using source and target SQL to do your manual testing then you are more then likely using the minus function to aggregate the results. If this is the Computers In Medical Field Essay case then there is a new tool on british recruitment, the market to automate the testing process for you. Google ‘QuerySurge’ ok this is a great info thanks or sharing but i need a guide on heart of darkness chapter 1 summary, how to get a job by british recruitment learning this and the step by step procedure thank u :) Hi all,am in production support from 3 years and heart 1 summary I am desparate for a move..Know the concepts of manual testing and sql queries…will I be able to get into ETL testing,can anyone guide me.
Anyone know, who can teach ETL class in Vadodara(Gujarat). which is the best institute for trainig etl testing. Let me know any ETL/DW testing opening in Singapore/Malaysia. Please reach me @ +91-9840219089 (india-mobile). I got very good information about ETL Testing, Difference between DB DW Testing and Challenges…its great. Any good training institutes for british pilot recruitment, learning etl testing in automatically Bangalore. If any body is british airways recruitment, looking for group preparation or search then contact me. Which ETL tool is good for testers- Informatica Testing or Cognos tool testing..
I am working as a manual tester in a MNC. Which one is heart chapter, better among QTP and ETL testing. Career wise and job security wis. Thanks in advance. Can any one advise me ETL is best or Selenium is best. Which tool have more openings in Market. British Airways Pilot Recruitment. Plz advise me ASAP……. Reply for Marriages Should NOT Be Allowed, #91 Chandu.
I suggest you to pilot learn QTP as automation. Know SQL to work in automatically cite ETL Tool. Thanks a lot for the information. I came to know a lot. I have been working in british pilot ETL Tool without knowing the automatically differences between Database testing and airways pilot recruitment DataWarehouse testing. Thanks a lot for the info that you had given very useful info for the ETL testers.
Any good training institutes to learn ETL Testing in hyderabad.pls help. Hi iam working as manual tester in chennai , now i am intersted in learning the ETL testing. please help me how to go ahead with ETL testing. Now i am in Decisions Essay chennai , trainer in chennai please contact to my mobile number. Hi, This is a very nice and Informative post. Currently I am working as a manual tester and testing a BI application. I am pretty much interested to learn DWH testing. Recruitment. Please lemme know if anyone is willing to teach this in Pune (Near Wakad). Hi, THis is Shiva. how to autoamte datawarehouse testing and chapter 1 summary etl testing…?
pleasse suggest notes ASAP. If anybody wants online training /offline training / corporate training on ETL testing,Informatica,Sql with realtime project and job assistance in bangalore,pune and hyderabad pls contact @ 8237320101. Pls note: daily batches in pune weekend batches in hyderabad/ bangalore or one to one online class daily. I have 6 + Experience in airways recruitment BI technologies like informatica,ETL testing also trained 40+ students and discovery of electricity completed 10+ batches offline successfully. 90% students already placed in top mnc’s. Pls note: Daily batches in pune weekend batces in hyderabad and bangalore or one to one online class daily. This is venkat .can anyone help me for etl testing qestions and british airways answers or else send me at VENKATADDAGATLA.SP@GMAIL.COM. If anybody learn ETL testing ,Database Testing,BI Testing in Pune. pls contact +91-9885320101.
Nice Article.Thanks, Now i got basic idea abt DWH.But i want to of darkness knw some ratcial tips also, as in interview, they are asking for recruitment, hands on experience. Automatically Cite. Also in SQL what all i need to learn.Please guide. hi friends this is rajesh i have knowledge on java and 3 frame works past 8 months i am searching job in banglore. . Someone suggested me to change the profession and go for ETL or WareHousing. As i don’t know anything about ETL and WH also. compare to java and etl testing which is the best in future salary and secure.please suggested me.
I do have an excellent opening for Database Test Lead. Database Testing Test Analyst with minimum 4 year(s) experience at Gurgaon location. Location- Gurgaon , Telephonic Interviews on this saturday i.e 8th June 2013. Experience required 2 to 5 years Domain: Investment Baking (Preferred) Essential Experience: (Must have skills) • 2 to 5 years of experience in airways a Software organization on testing (Web technologies, Client/ Server, Database). Some experience in development may also be considered. • Expertise in database testing and heart 1 summary should be well versed with complex SQL queries. • Good experience of manual/database testing throughout the testing life cycle. • Understand the application and write test scripts/conditions using a tool (e.g.
Test Director) and british recruitment its review. Computers. • Experience to carry out Test execution, logging of defects, preparation of daily test logs, updating Requirements Traceability Matrix. • Should be well versed with UNIX commands and knowledge in british airways pilot recruitment shell scripting is preferred. • Experience of using tools such as Test Director for test planning and defect management. • Experience in culture adapting to testing processes and provide inputs for test process improvements. • Experience in the financial services industry would be an added advantage. Desirable : • Experience in the financial services industry would be an added advantage. Airways Pilot. • Domain Knowledge in investment banking preferred.(Bonds Equities, Credit, Collaterals , Exotics) etc • Certifications like ISTQB will be an added advantage. Any good training centers for etl testing in Computers hyderabad or bangalore . pls let me know. I Provide Online Training on ETL Testing. I am working in pilot a MNC in of darkness 1 summary Hyderabad.
what is british recruitment, Testing ? what is the chapter need for Testing? Software development life cycle. software Testing life cycle. Types of Testing. Data Ware Housing Concepts: • What is Data Ware House? • Difference between OLTP and Data Ware Housing.
• Dependent Data Mart. • Independent Data Mart. Data ware housing Approaches. Top Down Approach. bottom up Approach. Data Base Design. • Snow Flake Schema. SCD(slowly changing dimension) Basic Concepts in SQL.
• SQL Concepts(A-Z) – execute the recruitment pl/sql procedures,functions…. • Overview of ETL Tool Architecture. • Testing Functionality on Different Transformation Rules. Data Ware House Life Cycle. Different Types of Testing Techniques in ETL. ETL Testing Introduction. • What is use of testing. • What is quality standards. • Responsibilities of Race and Supreme Decisions Essay, a ETL Tester. Understanding various documents such as Business Requirement Document,
Design Documents,Mapping sheets. • ETL Testing Work Flow Process. • How to Prepare the british pilot ETL Test Plan. • How to design the Test cases in ETL Testing. • How to reporting the Bugs in ETL Testing ? • ETL Testing Responsibilities in of electricity DataStage, Informatica, Abinitio etc; • How to british airways recruitment detect the bugs through database queries. • ETL Performing Testing Performing Tuning. etl testing life cycle. day to day process.
I’m working for a Top MNC in PUNE and if any one is interested in british airways recruitment learning ETL Testing, BI testing, DB Testing through ClassRoom Training or Online. Please feel free to contact on the below numbers. I have a good track record on ETL testing training. I will be teaching the real time scenarios and how to play with the tools. Will provide the hebrews culture demo session on pilot, weekends.Interested people can call me on apa, +91-8237320101 for online or class room trainings . Note : Class Room training will be conducted on daily weekend basis.
Drop me a mail if you have any queries : SANDEEPREDDY.MANEM@GMAIL.COM. call me on british recruitment, +91-8237320101. If any one is cite apa, interested to ETL testingin PUNE please contact me on the above mentioned number. I am looking for ETL Testing Training in Hyderabad. I am looking for ETL Testing Training in Hyderabad.
Please let me know the good institutes in hyd….. I heard most of the pilot people looking in to ETL These days..People dont know where they need to grasp knowlege.It is the platform to those who really want to learn What going on in ETL.. I heard most of the people looking in to ETL These days..People dont know where they need to grasp knowlege.It is the platform to Race and Supreme Decisions those who really want to learn What going on in ETL..furthur details:email@example.com. hay give me the etl projects interview queations with answers. Hello, i want to learn ETL testing. IF any one knows best institute in Bangalore, please let me know.
Contact through mail if want to know best training providers in Chennai for british recruitment, ETL Testing. hai pls give me the etl projects interview questions with answers. can you plz send me the discovery interview questions and answers for etltesting and database(Teradata) Any suggestions on free data validation tools? Data in my case is being dumped from source db to pilot recruitment a flat file from which it is loaded to the interim db.
From here data is transformed to a xml file readable by the destination system which loads it back in to the db. I want more detailed about Same-Sex Marriages NOT Be etl testing i.e how the british pilot process with be going on banking domain using cognos tool. i want best institute for etl testing in bangalore. Can anyone give solution to the problem as soon as possible. 2) Analyze the below business scenario and design an ETL process from source systems all the Computers In Medical Field way to british airways STAR schema. a. Business users maintain/insert customer master records in source_system1, customer data will them get propogated onto source_system2, source_system3 and source_system4. b. Vendor/supplier data is heart of darkness 1 summary, maintained/inserted in british airways source_system2 and this information is of darkness 1 summary, then propogated onto source_system1, source_system3 and source_system4. c. Promotion details is maintained on source_system2. d. British Pilot Recruitment. Material details is maintained on source_system3 and of darkness it is then propogated onto system_system1, source_system2 and source_system4. e. Sales information is captured on Source system4. I am looking for a training institute to airways pilot recruitment learn ETL testing with some ETL tool in Chennai.
Could you any one suggest me any good institute here. I have 2 years exp. in testing and also have good knowledge of SQL. my email id is: firstname.lastname@example.org and contact no is: 8015495931. please reply ASAP. Iam looking for a ETL testing freshers job any one plz inform to Race and Supreme Decisions Essay my mail:email@example.com. any one can send the ETL testing material and real time etl process we are doind and british how to check the data by using queris. plz send the Race Court etl material how to airways validate data using queris. I am currently working as a manual tester having 3+ years of experience. I want to learn ETL testing with ETL tool. So I am looking for a training institute to learn ETL testing with ETL tool. Could anyone please suggest me any good training institute in chennai?
Contact Number – 9994179578. I have an Race and Supreme Court experience of ELT tetsing for past 2.5 yrears. Well skilled in Informatica, Oracle and OBIEE testing. Please contact me incase of any help needed @ your work. I need to british airways Learn ETL/DWH Testing and Informatica Tool, kindly suggest me any Best Training Centre in Chennai.. ? am expecting Full Time Class Room Training n assistance till the Placement. I am interested to learn ETL and ancient culture make my carrier in the same.
Want to airways pilot know any institute situated in NCR (Delhi, Noida)…Please let me know. I am interested to learn ETL and make my carrier in the same. Want to know any institute situated in NCR (Delhi, Noida)…Please let me know. Its really usefull.I am working as manual tester in Health care domain .I want o know where i can get hands of information in discovery SQL comands . Hi This is british, Teja working as a Testing Team Lead in top most mnc company in pune, I have 5 + Experience in apa ETL and BI(Reports) Testing if any one interested to pilot recruitment learn course please contact me. daily and weekends batches available in pune Technologies: Oracle,Unix,Informatica,Testing Concepts and dwh Concepts.
Course duration: 45 days. Fee: 6000 (Phone: 8149173089 ) daily mock interviews with real time scenarios…only limited students in each batch.. Hi friends, pls help me i am 2013 passout students now i am looking job in software testing in ETL side.pls help me. i don’t know anything in ETL testing, anybody having study material pls send the material to in this mail id firstname.lastname@example.org. I am from chennai if you know any good course center in In Medical near to DLF IT park please let me know to this mail id email@example.com. I have been working in DWH project since last one year. I am working as a QA in british airways the project. ETL testing is Computers Essay, quite challenging but good job to do. we run various jobs and make sure that data is getting loaded to airways recruitment our DWH properly and if not we investigate the cause. in simple words i love being an ETL tester. Can you send information about. “Role of ETL in Banking domain”
If anybody wants to Race and Supreme Decisions go through ETL testing , unix and british airways pilot recruitment sql interview questions then follow the below link : I have been working in of electricity DWH project for 6 years. I have gone through so many interviews and pilot recruitment taken also.. If anybody wants to Computers In Medical go through ETL testing , unix and sql interview questions then follow the pilot below link : Hope you will like the posts. I am working in a mnc as a etl tester. Having a good knowledge of etl testing,SQL writing, report testing and test data creation(most critical task) in data warehouse project. For any help you can reach me out at firstname.lastname@example.org. Hii frnds..I m susmita..I am a mechanical engineer. Of Darkness 1 Summary. .I m doing job in airways pilot recruitment my field..but now I m interest to switch my field..I want to learn this etl testing course. .plz help me..is my decision is current. Can it be possible. Could anyone please reply with best answer?
Given a source table of 500K rows, Informatica ETL in the middle (treat as a black box) and a resulting row count at the target of only 495K, please share how you would identify the rows which were not migrated at all. Allowed toolsets include HP ALM (formerly Quality Center, Microsoft Office Access/Excel, Quest TOAD for Data Analysts, NotePad, SQL Plus). I want to learn about ETL and ancient hebrews culture Data Migration Testing. Can anybody please help me ? I am looking for online classes or Regular Batches in Chandigarh. I am looking to pilot recruitment find a job in Race Court ETL testing. British Airways Pilot Recruitment. Please anyone send me ETL Testing Interview questions.My email id is email@example.com. If any one please send me a ETL testing interview questions. Thanks in advance. Can any one please send me a ETL testing interview questions. @BOB we can use SQl Minus set operator to find out the missing rows. hi, i am MBA Graduate and heart i want to learn ETL testing can i know which is the best training center in ameerpet and 100% placement institution.
Very nice article. Thanks for posting. Hi all, I Want to british airways learn ETL testing , Can you please suggest me the ancient best institutes in british recruitment hyderabad. Hi all, I Want to learn ETL testing , Can you please suggest me the best institutes in discovery of electricity hyderabad. British Airways Pilot Recruitment. Please mail me firstname.lastname@example.org.
The above post regarding ETL testing is really good that helps me to enhance my theory knowledge. Can anyone share some useful documents that I can use to improve my practical knowledge. I have 9 years of experience in of electricity Manual testing . I would like to british pilot know which tool is of electricity, better to learn now ETL/Data Warehouse testing tool or Selenium Webdriver. Which field (Automation /Data Warehouse Testing) has demand in market and job security. Very informative in pilot simple working…thanks Vishal Chhaperia for the post. Very informative in simple wordings…thanks Vishal Chhaperia for the post. Hi can anyone send me materials of etl testing basics. Hi can anyone send me materials of etl testing basics my mail id is email@example.com. Very good column. You have written a statement in Difference between Database testing and DWH testing like this: Normalized databases are used in DB testing while demoralized DB is used in data warehouse testing.
Here is that demoralized or de-normalized? Currently i am in Manual testing and interested in ETL testing i have some good knowledge on SQL concept. With SQL concept i can survive ETL testing? I have 8 years of experience in Manual testing . Same-Sex. I would like to british airways recruitment know which tool is better to learn now ETL/Data Warehouse testing tool or Selenium Webdriver. Which field (Automation /Data Warehouse Testing) has demand in market and job security. I have one year exp in automation testing and 7 months of exp as as a data analyst (back end work) in ms SQL with this knowledge can I switch my career in etl testing n let me know the Computers Essay scope for etl testing. It’s really provides good idea to the ETL Testers .– Thanks… what are different ETL Testing tools available in the industry? whether etl tools and etl testing tools are same or not.
I am sandeep working in airways an MNC as ETL Test Professional. You can Reach out to me for Online classes on ETL Testing . I use to cover ETL,Data warehosue and of darkness 1 summary BI Testing. contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org for Demo Classes. Hi please let me know if any one carried out ETL Testing tranings(not online) in pune. we can have different kinds of dataware housing testing based my consern. 3.Data Reconciliation testing.
ETL testing is table level testing . we will have different sorts of source from BU.i mean they will come up with DB table,excel etc and provide BU logic .we need to check based on businees rule its getting loaded or not and then all the source data is getting loaded into target dataware house or not.we have to british pilot recruitment check the source table matched with target database table .the etl load may be happen based schedule that might be consider incremental load(transation data have been loaded in Field Essay incremental load ). Report testing would be format level and recruitment data level. dataware house data published or displayed in reporting.we have to check the BU expecting format.and required data shoud be displayed based on refresh(incremental load). Reconciliation testing is nothing but back tracking. I’m beginner to learn ETL , I got the info abot ETL ,its very nice..share more info… Very Informative share. Can anyone share me the ETL Testing Tutorials and related Docs. Hi All, any one suggest me how was the market for ETL testing. I am zaffar i have experience in siebel admin. I want to learn pls suggest me any online training institue. I want to learn ETL testing in Noida location.
Anyone? Is SQL requiered for DWH/ETL testing? SInce i wish to of electricity pursue career in same i would like to know the criteria required for DWH/ETL training.. Is anyone working as a Etl tester or informatica Qa tester. In USA please respond me back with ur email id. I need some tips n confidence from british airways, you guys. As I started searching a job. hello Jagadesh, very good day to you. I am working in a MNC company as a Manual tester , Chennai location. with 2 years of experience. Iam planning to Marriages jump to a new company as a ETL TESTING.
please give me your inputs. hello, very good day to you. I am working in a MNC company as a Manual tester , Chennai location. with 2 years of experience. Iam planning to jump to a new company as a ETL TESTING. please give me your inputs. Is it possible if I work as ETL tester for and then want change my domain to british pilot recruitment developer. what are different ETL Testing tools available in the industry?
whether etl tools like Informatica and ancient etl testing tools are same or not. I am working in british airways MNC in Delhi and I have 5 years Experience in QTP . If anyone is interested in QTP. Please feel free to Same-Sex Should NOT Be Allowed Essay contact on the below numbere. I have an 4.2 years of experience in Manual testing.Iam planning to move to ETL testing.Can any body please help me with some tutorials or notes so that i can start asap. An informative one. ETL testing topics coverage and the order created this article is good. It gives a single learning point to start with ETL testing basics which would make a reader to recruitment understand easily. I am also starting off creating a similar kind of knowledge, share base especially ETL testing. My goal is, I would like to Computers In Medical share across my knowledge whatever I have learnt in DWBI testing. I want to move into ETL testing.
HAving experience of airways pilot recruitment, 6.5 years in Computers Essay manual testing. have small experience in ETL testing but want to explore more. plz help me with institute name. As an ex data warehouse developer, now tester, I agree with much of the advice. British Pilot. But testers should also understand that many data warehouse solutions now use the ELT process – extract, load, then transform. Some developers may still transform before load and Same-Sex Marriages Allowed then transform again. So it’s important to speak with the british airways developers and understand what methods they are using to get the data into and Supreme Court Decisions, the data marts.
Do a ETL tester need to be an british pilot recruitment expert in Informatica/QLIKVIEW or any BI tool or Testing Knowledge with strong SQL/Unix concepts will suffice? This article is very good and understandable as usual but i realized that one thing is missing in it. Normally all articles shared by STH team contains scenario based examples to build better understanding. These examples are core of STH articles and should not be missed. Farrukh Shahzad Ahmed Islamabad Pakistan. Awful English. Grammatically wrong, poor sentence structure, clumsily worded. It’s like an out of automatically cite apa, tune piano being played by a drunk. Should we feel sorry for the “demoralized” DB?
—excerpt from pilot recruitment, article below—- “Normalized databases are used in DB testing while demoralized DB is used in data warehouse testing.” We had many issue with ETL testing, primarily because production data do not always cover all business rules in of electricity ETL and british airways pilot recruitment manual preparation of test data is quite expensive process. At the Same-Sex Should NOT Be end of the day, we had to developed a GTL QAceGen: Business Logic Driven Data Generator. Pilot Recruitment. Description is on informatica market place in case you are interested. Download FREE eBooks, Videos and Best Software Testing Articles..