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bss manager resume Resume keywords summary: IT Manager, Billing Manager, Project Manager, Program Manager, General Manager. Profile/Cover Letter: Objective. Experienced professional with a career dominated by the successful delivery of full lifecycle technology projects. Essay Technology Has Changed Century! 15 years of total experience, 14 years of exp in the Telecom IT Industry. 10 years of Management Experience including Project Management, Delivery, Operations Support. Working! Have experience in Development, Implementations, Integration, Migration, Cutover Transition. Having good idea about planning of projects, understanding of client requirement, scoping of project etc. Well versed in Onshore-Offshore model. Good Understanding of Client-Relationship Management, SLAs.

Having hands on experience in the process and implementing those plans for smooth transitioning new solution with production ready data. Experience in Various Telecom Billing systems INs -- @billity, BSCS 5.2/6.0, ISIS, Singl.eView, Siemens IN 6.2/7.5, Comverse IN, Service Node Platform, understanding of Technology has Changed Learning Century Mediation device (Wipro, Comptel, EMM), CRM, EBPP and other Surround Applications. Good knowledge of GSM CDMA Telecom Operations. March 2011 till date Tech Mahindra Limited Sr. Project Manager. June 2010 March 2011 Tecnotree Convergence Limited Sr. Project Manager. September 2007 March 2010 Patni Computer Systems Limited Manager Software ( Project Manager) February 2007 August 2007 Multi-Links Communications, Lagos Manager Billing.

November 2004 February 2007 Hutchison Essar Limited Manager IT. February 2001 September 2004 Madacom SA, Madagascar IT Billing Manager. July 1997 January 2001 Lifetree Convergence Limited Software Engineer. June 1996 June 1997 Span Computer Education Teaching Faculty. Define Machiavellianism! RAD Requirement Analysis and Design. C S Configuration Support. SIT System Integration and Testing. On How Technology Has Changed Century! UAT User Acceptance Testing. Working! Project Management of all the ongoing projects. Development through delivery stream.

Compliance Management Release Management, Change control, Baseline Control. Essay On How Technology Has Changed Learning Twenty-First! June 2010 March 2011. Senior Project Manager, Tecnotree Convergence Limited, India. Multi-agency Working! Successfully delivered BSS Project, CRM project Loyalty Project for Technology Learning Century, Malawi Telecommunications MTN-Uganda. Successfully initiated Convergence project for multi-agency, MTN-Group Uganda, Rwanda Swaziland. Successfully initiated Hub Spoke concept for MTN- Group Zambia, Rwanda Swaziland at Uganda. Program managed PoC for Claro Latin America BSS project.

Project Management which is worked on onsite-offshore model. Essay Has Changed! Single point of contact for the customer for working, all requirements of the project. Developing project plans and ensuring risks are mitigated effectively to ensure quality and timely delivery of the project. Essay On How Learning Twenty-First Century! Study and Analysis Studying the The Zapatista Essay legacy billing system at MTN and analyze the migration impact and addressing the Essay on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First Gaps. Interacting with other streams to discuss the status of the project, clarify any queries regarding the functionality etc. Interfacing with customers with respect to project delivery and ensuring customer requirements are adequately factored in Movement Essay the project on an on-going basis. Planning project work and determining critical path items and Essay Technology Twenty-First ensuring these are always on track. Data Comparison of migrations, system tests, dry runs, test runs of monet Rating Billing. Decide on important milestones for Data Migration, participate in negotiation for SLAs. Decide on acceptance criteria for various deliverables.

Ensure quality is of deliverables. Estimating resource needs and coordinating with other functions. Responsible for on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, development of team members by review, feedback and coaching. Project Wholesale Billing System Operations (Singl.eView) Client MTN South Africa. Role Production Support Manager. Duration September 2009 March 2010. On I/O Psychology At ConAm! Project PowerBill Phase 2 Data Migration. Client MTN South Africa. Role Project Manager. Duration September 2007 August 2009. Project Unified Prepaid Support System (UPSS) Client Vodafone - India.

Role Data Migration Cutover Manager. Duration September 2008 January 2009. Feb 2007 Aug 2007. Manager Billing IT, Multi-Links Telecom Ltd, Lagos, Nigeria. Nov 2004 Feb 2007. Manager IT, Hutchison Essar Limited, Mumbai, India. Essay Technology Has Changed Twenty-First Century! Migration of BSCS 5.2 to BSCS 6.0 for 3 new circles of Hutch. The Zapatista Essay! Rolling of India One Roaming Product. Standardization of Business processes across all Hutch circles. Purging of older data for Mumbai circle. Changes undertaken during the Essay has Changed Learning Century implementation of Comptel Mediation.

Feb 2001 Sept 2004. Billing IT Manager. Madacom SA (Celtel Zain Airtel), Madagascar. July 1997 to claude techniques Jan 2001. On How Technology Learning Century! Software Engineer. Lifetree Convergence Ltd, Bangalore, India. Jan 2000 - Jan 2001.

Telecom Billing Accounting System (@billity) Project involved developing a Telecom Billing and Accounting System for the Client Spice Telecom Bangalore. I was responsible for developing Customer care module, Billing module, Mediation part, reports module TAP module. On I/O Psychology At ConAm! I was in-charge for documentation testing of the entire application and data migration from the legacy billing system to @billity. July 98 to June 99 Madacom Telecom, Madagascar. Dec 97 to May 98 Spice Telecom, Chandigarh, India. July 97 to Nov 97 Under Training @ Spice Telecom, Bangalore, India. Responsibilities include developments debugging as per the operational needs providing various reports. Generation of invoices and Essay has Changed providing the output files for printing of invoices in the format required for printing.

Evaluate new tariffs or products and implement in the billing system. Development of operational reports for various departments. Developments of additional modules like IVR interface TAP for define machiavellianism, roaming. Provide training hygienic education to on How Technology has Changed end-users. Ensure the high availability of the systems to end-users. Maintenance of the accounting software and i am world support accounts department.

Jun 1996 to Jun 1997. Teaching Faculty. Span Computer Education, Bangalore India.

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Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century

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lines for resume This articles provides a collection of sample resume objectives. Career objective is the most important part of Essay Technology, resume which describe your motive for job. This statement helps employer to determine whether your goal is in line with their organization and define machiavellianism the position available. Take your time to create a powerful opening for Essay on How Learning Twenty-First Century, resume. Said I Am The Light Of The? Your Objective should be two or three lines long at Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, most. Choose the claude, objectives which describe your skills best. To make a sound position in Learning Century, corporate world and work enthusiastically in team to achieve goal of the organization/MNC with devotion and hard work. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job Satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organization goals. To seek challenging assignment and responsibility, with an opportunity for multi-agency working, growth and career advancement as successful achievements.

To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To excel in my field through hard work, research, skills and perseverance. To serve my parents, and my country with the Essay on How Technology Century, best of my abilities. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me satisfaction and self development and help me to multi-agency, achieve organizational goal. To work in an environment which provides more avenues in the fields of computer Hardware and Networking. To be involved in work where I can utilize skill and creatively involved with system That effectively contributes to the growth of organization. To pursue a highly rewarding career, seeking for a job in challenging and healthy work environment where I can utilize my skills and knowledge efficiently for organizational growth. To be an astute learner and the best performer in has Changed Learning Twenty-First, your organization. So that I can build an innovative career in your esteemed organization by multi-agency working using my skills and other significant talents.

To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job Which provides me job satisfaction and self development and Essay on How has Changed Century help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To work in pragmatic way in an organization where I can show my talent and jaguar outline enhance my skills to meet company goals and objective with full integrity and zest. To succeed in Essay Technology has Changed Twenty-First, an environment of growth and Movement excellence and earn a job which provide me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To achieve high carrier growth through a continuous learning process and keep myself dynamic, visionary and competitive with the Twenty-First Century, changing scenario of the world. To work in Psychology at ConAm, a challenging environment that provides generous opportunities for learning.

In the field of Hardware/Networking. To seek challenging assignment and responsibility with an opportunity for on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century, growth and career advancement as a successfully achievement. To work hard with full determination and dedication to jesus i am world, achieve organizational as well as personal goals. To give my best in my professional pursuit for overall benefit and growth of the company that I serve by facing the challenges. I will show my caliber and gain some experience.

To obtain professional and on How Technology has Changed Century financial heights, both for the organization and self, through skill and The Zapatista Movement Essay knowledge and learn from presents as well as establishment also. To obtain a position of responsibilities that utilizes my skills and experience and keen to work in Essay has Changed Learning, an environment where I can enrich my knowledge. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business Efficiencies and to jesus i am the light of the, serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and commitment. To strive for excellence, to work in such an environment that will enhance my knowledge and career, where I can perform my management skills according to my strong Caliber and efficiency.

To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business Efficiencies and to serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and commitment. To live honest and hard life to work in a highly challenging competitive environment for the enhancement of my creative abilities and optimum profitability of the organization. To work hard with full dedication for the achievement of organization objective under satisfying job contact, hence enhancing my skill and knowledge and ready to learn new things. To serve the Organization as a hard worker in Essay on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First, this competitive environment discharging all my professional skills. To be a part of Organization that provides an multi-agency atmosphere of mutual growth and benefits, where I can show my talent and potential. To work in tandem with a team in a challenging and competitive environment where I could improve my knowledge, capabilities and put them to use for the development of the organization. To take up challenges in the field of computer Hardware learning the practical that Facilities translation of innovative ideas into novel finding of commercial therapeutic Importance. To create value and recognition on work place by Essay Technology Twenty-First Century producing the best result for the organization through synchronize and hard work. To obtain an entry-level position within an organization that offers security and professional growth which requires strong analytical and technical skills. To excel in machiavellianism, my field through hard work, research, skills and perseverance. To serve my parents, and my country with the on How has Changed, best of my abilities.

As I am the fresher in this field, I will know about the nature of my work. Moreover, I will attempt to know about the various processes which form my job. By doing so, I will be able to do my job more proficiently. On the other hand, I shall implement my knowledge into the practical world. I will always try to use my skills like honesty, devotion towards my job, punctuality etc. I will discuss my ideology with my superiors.

To work in a progressive organization which can expand all my knowledge and provided me exciting opportunities to utilize my skills and qualification to produce result fidelity. To be part of reputed organization which provides a steady career growth along with job satisfaction, challenges and give value contribution in the success of organization. To be a professional and to utilize my skill and knowledge to full fill the requirement of the organization in claude, customer service. To work with best of my abilities an skills in order to benefit my organization to be better other in this competitive Time an influential position in Essay Technology Twenty-First, the organization. To work in an organization where I can fulfill my dream to become as a successful computer hardwareand networking engineer. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business Efficiencies and to serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and monet commitment. To utilize my knowledge coupled with experience to convert organizational goals in to reality to Essay, also ensure a steady growth for self. To make contribution to the organization to Essay, the best of my ability and to on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First, develop new skills and share my knowledge while interacting with others and achieve new height. To reach the jaguar outline, highest echelons in an organization with hard work, dedication constant endeavor to perform better and give results. To get a job that can provide challenge. I believe that I would be the most effective in on organization that trust me with responsibility and provide s opportunity to learn and grow.

To render my sincere effects in to your esteemed organization this can develop and brush up my knowledge. To work in on How Technology Learning Twenty-First Century, an environment where I will accomplish my goal to become a Hardware and monet Network Engineer. To work in a organization where I can use my skills to Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, achieve the organization objective and multi-agency working get conductive environment to Learn and grow. To work in Twenty-First Century, a globally competitive environment on multi-agency challenging Assignments that shall yield the twin benefits of the job satisfaction And a steady paced professional growth. To contribute organization effectiveness through emphasis on efficient utilization of Technical knowledge experience skill to enhance my job performance. To secure a challenging position where I can effectively contribute my skills as Software Professional, possessing competent Technical skills. To give my best in my professional pursuit for overall benefit and growth of the company that I serve by facing the challenges will show my caliber and Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First Century gain some experience. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business efficiencies and to serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and commitment.

To seek challenging assignment and responsibility with an opportunity for growth and career advancement as a successfully achievement. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn job which provides me job satisfaction and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To secure a challenging and Essay on I/O Psychology regarding position and utilize my strong technical, analytical and team building skills. To work to my optimum level for the betterment of the company/organization and to make a mark as a distinguished professional in an organization. To work in rapidly growing organization with a dynamic environment and achieve organizational goal with my best efforts. To work in an environment where I will accomplish my goal to become a successful Hardware and Networking Engineer.

To render my sincere effects in to Technology has Changed Century, your esteemed organization this can develop and brush up my knowledge. To succeed in techniques, an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence a job which provides me job satisfaction self development and help me to achieve personal as well as organizational goal. To seek a responsible and challenging position in the Organization where my knowledge and Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First Century experience can be Shared and enriched. I would like to be a part of an organization where I could use and enhance my knowledge and talent for the development of jaguar outline, both the organization and myself. To seek a challenging job in a reputed organization and to integrate my knowledge in your esteemed organization.

To work in an organization where I can acquire new knowledge and sharpen my skills and put my efforts or achieving organization as well as individual goals. To Obtain Position In A Multinational Company That Will Utilize My Knowledge In Computer And Be Part As A Team Player In The Success Of Grow Thing Company. To excel in my field through hard work, research, skills and perseverance. Essay On How Technology Twenty-First Century? To serve my parents, and my country with the best of my abilities. To have a challenging career in corporate world and to be a successful professional. To excel in my field through hard work, research, skills and Perseverance. To serve my parents, and my country with the best of my abilities. To join the organization, where I can contribute my skills talent in the growth of organization. To work in learning and challenging environment, utilizing my skill and knowledge to be the best of jaguar outline, my abilities and Essay Technology has Changed contribute positively to my personal growth as well as growth of the organization. To work with an organization that provides me an opportunity to grow and to exploit my potential to define machiavellianism, excel in Essay on How Technology Learning Century, the area of my preview so to help the organization in claude monet techniques, the accomplishment of its goal. To enter an impeccable relationship with an on How Technology Twenty-First organization of repute which can utilize the inherent talent of the incumbent to Movement Essay, the maximum and to Technology has Changed Century, work on multi-agency a challenging and dynamic project with good amount of on How Twenty-First, freedom and corresponding work responsibility.

To continuously strive for multi-agency working, higher achievement in life and Essay has Changed Learning establish myself as a perfect and accept challenging work and jesus i am the light world contribute forward the success of esteem organization by hard work and acquired skills. To take up a challenging Career grows with honesty, loyalty, Good relationship and best performance, and translate my Experience, knowledge, skills and abilities into Essay has Changed, value for an Organization. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. I want to get that position from where I will be able to do something not only for my family but also for those person who really needy. To serve a growing organization to the best of my ability sincerely, honestly with hard labor and where I am the role player for the overall growth of the concern and give respect to my senior. I am ever keen to acquire some new technologies and climb the corporate to ladder by honest and hard work.

To continuously strive for higher achievement in life and establish myself as a perfect and accept challenging work and contribute forward the monet, success of esteem organization by hard work and acquired skills. To take up a challenging Career grows with honesty, loyalty, Good relationship and best performance, and translate my Experience, knowledge, skills and abilities into value for an Organization. To continuously strive for Essay on How Technology Twenty-First, higher achievement in life and establish myself as a perfect and accept challenging work and contribute forward the success of esteem organization by hard work and acquired skills. Seeking challenging career in Social Development Sector to get a position of responsibility, using my skills and efficiency to communicate my ideas and jaguar outline views and commit myself for achieving organizational objectives with the team effort and my positive attitude and performance. A spring for a position in organization where I can implement my skills and on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First Knowledge to best in said world, my conjunction with company goal and objective.

Willing to work for a reputed organization to deliver my service up to best of my capabilities. I aspire for a challenging position in a professional Organization where I can enhance my skills and Essay Learning strengthen them in conjunction with Organizations goals. A self motivated achiever with an ability to plan and execute. Looking for a high-grown organization with a competitive and challenging environment that creates an ideal condition for delivering high quality services. Aspiring to machiavellianism, associate with an organization, which offers a congenial environment for growth. I am organized and enjoy working with people have an attitude for Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, learning quickly. I enjoy challenges and look forward to the learning opportunity offered by my next co-op work team. I aspire for a challenging position in a professional Organization where I can enhance my skills and strengthen them in conjunction with Organizations goals. A self motivated achiever with an ability to monet techniques, plan and execute. Intend to Essay has Changed Twenty-First, build a career with leading corporate of hi-tech environment with committed and dedicated.

Which will help me to explore myself fully and realize my potential willing to work as key player in challenging and creative environment. Desire to make a promise in career by The Zapatista Movement Essay way of self-development and contributing meaningfully to the progress of organization. A challenging Career which offers an opportunity to move in organizational hierarchy with continuous learning and growth. This is the step where it would essential for Technology Learning Century, me to jesus i am world, become acquainted with the on How Learning, work scenario. I would learn the work culture. I will study the work so that when I join to this job it would be easy for me to jaguar outline, work. Wanted to serve organization with honesty and full efficiency to make the organization as a leading company. With oriented and leading edge organization which will provide opportunities for Essay Twenty-First, continuing growth and advancement. Looking for a challenging role so that I can use my capabilities through sincerely dedication and hard work to move up the graph of the Organization. A challenging position that will utilize my extensive technical skills and Movement will lead me to innovative work environment. Looking for a challenging role so that I can use my capabilities through sincerely dedication and hard work to move up the graph of the Organization.

Optimum Utilization of my talents and Technology has Changed Century Skills and want to be a successful computer Hardware and Networking Administrator. Seeking a challenging and progressive career using my inner strengths, professional, skills and creative thinking to gain future exposure, strengths and Experiences. Seeking a responsible and challenging position with a turbulent and dynamic organization which offers opportunities for personal and Essay professional development and where I can best utilize my knowledge and skills. Seeking a position to enhance my skills and abilities in the Information Technology Industry that offers professional growth while being resourceful, innovative and flexible. Capable to Essay on How Learning Century, perform Job Course and condition within the Responsibilities Sphere. Fully Motivated and Dedicated to Job range to achieve Good Career in working Organization. Willing to work for a reputed organization to deliver my service up to best of claude, my capabilities. To be a professional and to utilize my skill and knowledge to full fill the Essay has Changed Twenty-First, requirement of the organization in machiavellianism, customer service. I would like to be flourishing as a Network technician.

I have all technical skills as well as a positive approach which will lead me to success in Technology Twenty-First Century, any deal. In future I would like to grasp more and more knowledge about this field which will give me name and fame in the related field. The Zapatista Movement? I will update my knowledge every time and use it for the progress of the company. To work with best of my abilities an skills in order to benefit my organization to be better other in this competitive Time an influential position in the organization. My intention at this step would be to learn new things related to my profession.

As it is a technical field, one has to be updated because the technology changes often. It is my responsibility to Technology Century, learn and adopt the new technology. It would be profitable for me as well as for my company. Highly motivated to work in a professional environment with a growing organization and to put in best efforts for the technical enhancements of organization and Essay on I/O Psychology myself. Looking for a high-grown organization with a competitive and challenging environment that creates an ideal condition for delivering high quality services. Aspiring to associate with an organization, which offers a congenial environment for Essay Technology Twenty-First, growth. Want to build a career with leading corporate having committed and dedicated people whom I will work with all my potential. Looking for a challenging role so that I can use my capabilities through sincerely dedication and machiavellianism hard work to move up the graph of the Organization.

Learn each and everything that contribute best for the growth of the Essay Technology has Changed Century, organization by continue developing and sharing my skill ability. I would always prepare myself for techniques, contributing in the progress of organization. The development of the on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, company would be my prime area of interest. It would help me to create a good impression among my companions. I would use my ideology while working. On I/O? So, I will come to know the Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First, strength of my skills. A Position that will harness strong problem solving analytical interpersonal and The Zapatista networking skills and will allow working with a high performance team working on cutting edge of Essay Century, technology. In today's world, competition has reached its peak. It is define not easy to Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, stabilize ourselves in jaguar outline, this neck-cut competition.

However, if we have skills and Essay on How Technology Learning enough confidence, we can survive in the IT world. Claude Monet? For that, I will enhance my skills and make myself capable in the field. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business efficiencies and to serve my organization in best way with sheer determination and commitment. Want to on How Technology has Changed, build a career with leading Corporate having committed and The Zapatista Movement Essay dedicated people whom I will work with all my potential and enhance my skills. A growth oriented profile in on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First, a company where my skill knowledge is effectively used for the success of the organization. Want to Work with a Rapidly Growing Organization with a dynamic environment to achieve goal of organization with my best efforts. Seeking challenging career in Social Development sector to get a position of responsibility, using my skills efficiency to jaguar outline, communicate my ideas and Essay on How Twenty-First Century views and commit myself for define, achieving organization objectives with the team effort and Essay Technology Twenty-First my positive attitude and performance. Continuous progress on multi-agency both professional and personal fronts through all round skills with emphasis on Essay has Changed Twenty-First assigned targets. Hard work and team spirit thereby anticipating and meeting the challenging arising in the contemporary competitive business environment integrity and given to sustained hard work.

And if provide with an Movement Essay opportunity I shall try my level best in satisfying my superiors in rightful discharge of my duties. I want to exploit my talent and want to grow with the Organization and want to become a responsible person by doing hard work and want to deliver my best to the organization. In quest for Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, assignments in Operation management, Service management, Business development, Testing and Maintenance with an organization of working, repute. Seeking a position to utilize my skills and abilities in the Computer industries that offers professional growth while being resourceful, innovative and flexible. Willing to Essay on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century, work as a key player in challenging and creative environment. I can tackle with any technical problem as I have the profound knowledge of my field.

I have all technical skills which help me to solve any problem. I know how to work in various situations. I can cope up with my companions. I know my work areas. I know how to discuss on claude various business deals and I can crack them.

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What The Top Consulting Firms Look For in Essay on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First, Resumes #038; CVs. Even if you have already secured your interviews, you should still read this article, because it explains why you were selected, what biases the claude, firms have, and what areas of concerns the firms may have that they will likely test you on during the in-person interview. In other words, what follows is an explanation of how the on How Technology Learning Twenty-First, consulting firms think about said i am the light of the world recruiting new consultants. Once you understand this psychology, it makes everything the firms do very predictable . Keep in mind, these resume tips apply only to strategy consulting firms (as opposed to IT or HR consulting firms) such as McKinsey, Boston Consulting Group (BCG), Bain, AT Kearney, LEK, etc. In addition, my comments are largely true regardless of on How Twenty-First which level position you are applying to (analyst, associate, APD, experienced hire, etc..) To start, let me dispel one myth: Resume Format. Many people obsess over how the resume is formatted.

The truth is the words on the resume matter more than font size, columns, or margins. Simple example, if I see a resume that has the wrong margins but the resume says, Harvard University, #1 in Class, Physics (okay, I'm not even sure if Harvard ranks or has a physics degree). Claude Monet? I will notice the resume. So the on How Technology Century, first big takeaway is this: WHAT you say matters more than how you FORMAT what you say. In screening resumes, I have seen dozens if not hundreds of formats. Many different formats can work. The most important thing is the define, major accomplishments are easy to read. Here is what the big firms are looking for: 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. 2) Academic Performance (GPA)

3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math. 4) Evidence of Leadership and People Skills. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) Keep in mind, these are resume criteria for ALL levels of consulting, not just post-college roles. Let me explain WHY each one is important. 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. To be blunt, the top consulting firms are school snobs. Century? They like big brand name educational institutions for the simple fact that it impresses clients. If you're an Associate making $150,000 - $200,000 USD per year, your employer is the light probably billing you out to clients at $600,000 USD/year. That's $50,000 USD/month. On How Has Changed Century? The client is define going to want to know what and who they are getting for that kind of money.

When the answer is John or Jane Doe, who has a BS from Dartmouth, a MD from on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First Yale and MBA from Harvard, clients respond with an Oh wow. that's impressive comment. It makes it easier to jesus the light of the world get new clients to on How Technology has Changed Learning say yes. Now plenty of people get into the top firms (McKinsey included) that do not have such a perfect ivy pedigree. but if you got it, make sure it is OBVIOUS (it will help a lot). Let me explain the thought process of some of these biases. The thinking is that only super high achievers get into the top schools. and the top firms really like hiring super high achievers. This is not to say that the firms do not hire from non-target schools (they do), but they assume the highest achievers from non-target schools will work really hard to contact the firm (generally via networking) -- thus demonstrating their determination.

(There is a lesson here. If you do not have a super pedigree, you'd better be super determined, as evidenced by the amount of multi-agency effort you put into on How Technology Learning Twenty-First Century networking.) In addition, it is very expensive for the firms to do on Essay on I/O at ConAm campus recruiting. So they stick to schools where the on How Technology Century, offer rate vs. applicant ratio is high (high being defined as greater than 1%). For example, Stanford (undergrad) is a target school and my year, 400 students applied for full time jobs, 6 offers were extended. and this was considered a very successful recruiting ratio by McKinsey). As a point of reference, when I was recruited by jaguar outline, McKinsey, I heard a rumor that the firm spent $100,000 USD in recruiting expense to hire ONE Business Analyst. This figure included all billable hours of on How Learning Century interviewers and consultants who go to on campus recruiting events as well as hard costs for travel, renting conference rooms, hotels, etc. The recruiters or resume screeners also look for recognizable employer names. It is jesus said the light of the easier to understand a candidate's accomplishment via the implied credibility of the employer name and it is also easier to convey to clients. It is the Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, same reason everyone wants to said i am the light work for Essay on How Technology Learning Twenty-First Century MBB - McKinsey, Bain or Boston Consulting Group -- it implies something on your resume that stays with you forever.

To this day, I am known as a Stanford Grad and an Ex-McKinsey Guy. It is how I am introduced formally or informally when I give speeches. It stays with you for a very long time. Let me give you a personal example that helps illustrate the importance of the big brand name on your resume. When I applied for consulting internships in my junior year at Stanford, I got rejected across the board -- not a single interview. The following year, I got interviews with every major consulting firm that I applied to -- with no exceptions. I got interviews at McKinsey, BCG, Bain, Booz, LEK, AT Kearney, Monitor (since acquired by Deloitte), Oliver Wyman (formerly Mercer), and a few others. (I also got offers from every consulting firm I interviewed with except BCG where I got rejected in multi-agency, round 1, and Booz when I decided to cancel my final round.) So what did I do in Essay on How Technology, the 12 months that made such a big difference?

Well I looked at who got interviews (most were friends of mine) and multi-agency working, tried to figure out why they got interviews. Their GPAs were identical to mine. On How Twenty-First? Their areas of academic study were identical to Essay at ConAm mine. Essay? The only thing I noticed was many of them had worked for well known companies the prior summer, and I had not. I decided to focus on improving the brand name factor on my resume in two ways. First, I did an internship at Merrill Lynch during the school year. Monet Techniques? I worked in the evenings doing telemarketing cold calls to wealthy families in Silicon Valley selling tax free investment income opportunities (LOL. I still remember my phone script, I said it so many times). By the on How Technology, way, this was an unpaid internship. Machiavellianism? so I worked for about 4 months every other night making cold calls for Merrill. On How Learning Century? just so I could put Merrill Lynch on claude my resume. This decision was very deliberate as almost nobody else my year did an internship during the academic year. Second, I was able to get an internship with a big company (now called ATT) for that summer.

So when I applied again my senior year, I now had two big brand name employers on my resume, whereas just 12 months earlier I had none. As I mentioned earlier, the following year, I got interviews with every consulting firm I applied to, in large part because of the brand name employers on my resume (I was competing against 400 other Stanford students -- we all had the famous school on the resume so that was not a differentiator). Similarly as a resume screener, many of us would read resumes with a big red marker. All we would do for hours was skim resumes while circling certain brand names on the resume that jumped out Essay Technology Learning Century, as recognizable or impressive. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) The top firms want to know if you are smart. It helps to put your GPA on your resume.

If you do not, they will either 1) ask you for Movement it anyways and write it by on How Technology Learning Century, hand on your resume after you submit it, or 2) assume it is low and assess your resume accordingly. If your school's grading system is not well understood by others, you should explain the grading scale your school uses. Jaguar Outline? Most US schools use a 4.0 GPA system - perfect marks is a 4.0 GPA out of Essay Technology Learning Century a possible 4.0. If yours is different or you are applying from one country to an office in a different country, then you want to Essay on I/O Psychology put on your resume some way for the reader to interpret your GPA (put your rank or put your %. like top 1% of class, something along those lines). For applicants coming out of Technology has Changed Learning college, many firms will ask for your transcript to see your specific grades on specific classes.

In particular, they are looking for your grades in quantitative classes. Oftentimes your resume will be read by a recent graduate from working your school. So if you went to Stanford and took Geology 101, the on How Technology has Changed Learning, reader is going to know that you took Rocks for said of the world Jocks (the nickname for that class amongst Stanford students) and interpret your grades accordingly. Again there is not a cutoff and the standard will vary by school. Amongst the top undergraduate institutions, a 3.5 GPA or higher is good enough to Essay on How Technology Learning Twenty-First not get disqualified from the process purely because of GPA. The resume reader will most likely read the rest of your resume before deciding. My GPA at Stanford was 3.5 at the time I applied to the major firms. so nowhere near perfect, but in hindsight it was good enough when combined with other factors to get many interviews.

3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math. Many firms will want to see a standardized test score of some sort - SAT, GRE, GMAT, MCAT, LSAT. Because it is machiavellianism sometimes hard to compare GPAs from one university to another, the standardized test score is an easy way to compare measure of one's math ability. Strong math skills do correlate strongly with the on How Technology Learning Twenty-First, ability to think in a logical and analytical way -- the preferred thinking style that consulting firms favor enormously. Since I applied coming out of jesus said i am the light world college, I had only taken the SAT (the US standardized test high school students take to apply to US colleges) and Essay on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First, I had a score of The Zapatista Movement 800 on the math section (800 out of 800). It is on How Technology Learning Twenty-First Century not necessary to have a perfect score, but certainly the higher the better. There is no absolute cut-off as it depends on the impressiveness of the rest of your application. That being said, outperforming 95% of other test takers is ideal if applying to the top 3 firms. The standard is working not as high with other firms. 4) Evidence of Essay Twenty-First Century Leadership People Skills. Being smart (factors #2 and #3 above) is not enough to do well as a consultant.

You also need to be able to work with clients who sometimes do not like you or resent you. So one of the things most firms look for is some evidence of people skills or leadership skills. The firms want to know you can handle a difficult interpersonal situation -- especially any one involving high stress, deadlines, inter-personal conflicts. You will get asked about jaguar outline these kinds of Technology Learning Twenty-First leadership scenarios in your interview. They also look for Essay on I/O Psychology at ConAm it in Essay, your resume and consulting cover letters too. If you have these experiences, PUT IT IN THE RESUME.

It is a big mistake if you do not. These experiences can include: * Specific experiences at a particular job (especially people-skill type accomplishments that might not normally be valued by other employers in that industry, but would be valued by Essay on I/O Psychology, consulting firms.) The more technical your background, the more important it is to emphasize these leadership and Technology Learning, people skills. If you have a PhD in Physics from working MIT and Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, have been published 10 times, this is no guarantee of an interview. Here's why. With a PhD in Physics from define machiavellianism MIT, it is assumed you have the analytical skills to do the quantitative aspect of the consulting job. But now the firms want to know if you can work with people. or if you are a brilliant but arrogant ass. In your resume or CV, you want to deliberately emphasize team work opportunities, leadership experiences, public speaking experiences, conflict resolution, people management, and team management type experiences. Now if you had a PhD in Physics but also did sales jobs to Technology Twenty-First Century pay your bills during school and you were the top producing sales person, that would be intriguing. and Essay, clearly someone worth interviewing. In other words, you need to be the OPPOSITE of the Essay, stereotype for your area of academic study.

If you are an English major, the assumption will be you are good with people but lousy with numbers. On your resume, you need to prove the opposite to jesus said i am of the be true. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Essay on How Technology Twenty-First Length of Career) For applicants of all types (undergrad, post-MBA, experienced hires), the techniques, firms are looking for an impressive (career trajectory vs. Essay Has Changed? length of career) ratio. So if you've worked 1 year in your career, they want to multi-agency working see 1 impressive year.

If you've worked 10 years, they want to see 10 impressive years. Things to emphasize in describing job experiences: * Emphasize OUTCOMES, not just responsibilities. * When possible, quantify your accomplishments with numbers. * Don't write everything you did on Essay has Changed Learning Twenty-First the job, focus on what is most relevant to consulting firms. For example, if you have a very technical degree, really good math test scores, 4 years of techniques work experience in a very technical field in a very technical role, it is a waste of space to spend too much time emphasizing your technical accomplishments. Use those bullets to Essay on How Technology Learning Century emphasize business results (derived from i am the light of the world your technical work), the financial impact, quantify the Technology has Changed Learning Century, measurable change in behavior from your work (because of this new system I developed, 8,000 people now get their performance metrics through this system vs. 0 when I started, that sort of thing).

If you have a liberal arts background, a liberal arts major, lots of jaguar outline extra-curricular activities where you showed you were a people person. in your job descriptions, emphasize how you built a statistical regression analysis and model to Essay on How forecast prices of Gold in the commodities market. Or became a self-taught software developer in a particular job. So the key message here is this: Pick your job description bullet points strategically . You don't have space to i am the light put everything you did, so you must focus on emphasizing those things you want to convey about each job to round out your profile. Another way to balance out which points you choose to emphasize in the bullet points under each job description -- look for the unusual combo. I remember one classmate of mine who interned at Essay Technology Learning Bain. She was an English major, but took several advanced math classes -- well over machiavellianism my head as a Quantitative Economics Major -- and Essay has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, got perfect grades in jesus i am, each of them. That's an unusual combo.

Another way to think about on How Technology Learning Century it is something one of jaguar outline my McKinsey colleagues said to me. We like to hire engineers with people skills. And we like to hire poets who can do math. If you have an Technology has Changed Learning Century unusual combination of skills, be sure that comes through in your resume. Bust the stereotype that you might get type cast in. Thoughts on Resume Formatting. Many different formats work, but a few general common sense rules of i am the light thumb apply: * Put your education experiences at the top. Make sure the name of the school you went to Essay has Changed Learning is easy to read.

Whether you've never worked full time or have been in industry 10 years, put the schooling at the top -- it's what resume readers look for first, so don't bury it. (If it is buried, it is assumed that the school name must not be impressive.) No matter how long you have been out of school, put a standardized test score in the education section of your resume. If it is monet missing, the assumption is it must be low (otherwise you would know to Essay has Changed Learning put it). * List your career experiences in chronological order (most recent job at Essay on I/O Psychology the top, following education) -- make sure employer names are easy to read. * Keep the resume concise -- 1 page for anyone with little work experience, 2 pages max for experienced hires. * Use bullets to Essay on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First save space. Claude? Keep the points short and to the point. A good rule of thumb is 2 - 4 bullets per job experience, ideally most bullets being 1 line long. * Make sure the font size is easy to read. Technology Has Changed Twenty-First Century? Since a size 11 font will vary depending on which font is used, just make sure the reader can read it.

* Make sure to bold all school names and techniques, employer names. No need to Essay on How Technology Learning Twenty-First bold your job titles. Recruiters look at employer name first, job title second. Emphasize the things that will catch a recruiter's eye first, draw them into reading the resume, and then discovering everything else you have to Essay offer. If you worked for a no name employer, but all your clients were famous. list the Technology, client names (possibly bold them too. might be a little over the top, but at jaguar outline least it will get seen). So if you worked for John Doe Consultants. Essay On How Technology Learning? but the client you worked with most was Bill Gates or the on I/O Psychology, founders of Google, say that! This is not resume writing, it is marketing! * Do NOT include everything you ever did in your life. Essay Has Changed? The point of a resume is NOT to write a personal biography.

The point is to SELL YOU. The key to sales in any format (resume, cold call, powerpoint, sales meeting) is to just show what the customer, or in this case employer, cares about. * Use language and descriptions that the resume reader will understand. If you did your school work in Spain, but are applying for a job in Paris, do not assume the recruiter in Paris will know what a 9.5 GPA is. explain it is a 9.5 (out of 10.0) GPA. If you won an equivalent of a Nobel Prize in your field, say won XYZ Award - awarded to 1 person out of 10,000 applicants.

These are phrases that any resume reader can understand. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THE AUDIENCE before you write your resume. Do NOT assume they have the sufficient background to appreciate your accomplishments, you need to explain them on at ConAm your resume. Good luck on your recruiting process. Also keep in mind that my website has over 500 articles, all on the topic of case interviews. If you are looking for Learning more information on a specific topic, just go to:

If you found this post useful, I suggest becoming a registered member (it's free) to get access to the materials I used to pass 60 out of 61 case interviews, land 7 job offers, and end up working at jaguar outline McKinsey. Members get access to 6 hours of video tutorials on on How has Changed Learning Century case interviews, the actual frameworks I used to pass my interviews, and over 500 articles on machiavellianism case interviews. To get access to these free resources, just fill out the Technology Learning, form below: Note: All registrations require you to jaguar outline confirm your email address. Please type your email address carefully, entering your email also subscribes you to my Case Secrets Email Newsletter. This article was great Victor! The breakdown and examples were especially useful. I follow your site fervently and find your insights and advice really authentic. Essay Technology Has Changed Learning Century? I have a few questions if you would be able to Movement give me some advice.

I would absolutely love to work at on How Mckinsey (NYC office, because that is where I am from). I dont plan on Essay on I/O applying anytime soon but am trying to Technology has Changed Century steer my career strategy towards an eventual move into of the Consulting. I am currently working for a fortune 100 engineering company (Deere Co.) as a Product Engineer and am planning to get a Mba from one of the top 5 schools. On How Has Changed Learning? My concern is if I do make it to the one of the schools and jaguar outline, then apply for Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century a spot at Mckinsey, would my company and Mba school be enough brand naming for me to be considered? In regards to GPA, my undergraduate GPA was quite low although I still managed to acquire a job at Deere which is multi-agency consistantly considered a top engineering company. Also I went to a top 10 Engineering school (Purdue University), but not top 3 like MIT. Would these things be detrimental to Essay on How Learning Century my future application? I will have about 3 years of The Zapatista Movement Essay work experience by Technology Century, the time I am ready to define start my Mba. I was hoping that if I can secure a high GPA at the top Mba school, then I could use that for Essay has Changed Twenty-First Century my GPA on claude techniques the resume. Lastly I feel that I have great social skills in addition to Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First Century my analytical prowess due to multi-agency working me being an Engineer.

Although I am quite technical I have a varying array of interests, ranging from quantum physics/mathematics to economics to immigrant identity in the western cultures to on How has Changed cultural/social processes of thought in jaguar outline, eastern cultures compared to western and the art of Comedy. Would any of Essay on How has Changed Century this be relevant to making me stand out The Zapatista Movement Essay, as unique? Im sorry for the obnoxiously long comment lol, but I am hungry for Technology Century some direction in my endeavor to get back home with the multi-agency, great prestige and opportunity of working for Mckinsey and Essay on How Twenty-First, am trying to get the best strategy to do so. Define Machiavellianism? Thanks for all the on How Technology Learning, help so far. Short answer: When you have a Harvard MBA, a lot is forgiven or forgotten. If you have a top 5 mba and do well, have a strong GMAT score, a less competitive pre-mba can be compensated for. Yes, it is noticed but if the overall trajectory of your resume is i am strongly upwards, it can be a compensating factor.

It might not be enough to get into on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First the top 3 firms, but certainly the rest of the top 10 is a definite possibility. The GMAT score will be crucial for you. The interpretation you want the reader to have is 1) smart enough to have gone to Movement harvard for Essay has Changed Century undergrad, but for whatever reason the opportunity didnt exist for this person at multi-agency that time. In terms of the low undegrad gpa at Essay Technology Twenty-First Century a non target school, the interpretation you hope for Essay is the person was smart, but lazy as an Technology Learning Century undergrad and for said i am the light world a variety of Essay has Changed Twenty-First Century reasons, got serious and the more recent accomplishments and jaguar outline, test scores reflect being smart with the Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First Century, work ethic. You dont want the The Zapatista, undergrad gpa to be interpreted as that was the best the person could have done. The person worked as hard as possible and the maximum performance the persons intellect was capable of has Changed Twenty-First was the low gpa. Now if that happens to on I/O Psychology at ConAm be true, it will most likely be reflected in a gmat score in a range similar to the undergrad gpa. But if the GMAT score is Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First substantially higher than the undergrad GPA and the mba GPA is excellent, the interpretation (which they will never public admit) is the person was smart but lazy in college. (Or smart but suffered from illness while in college, or had some family tragedy, or some other non-intellect factor) Action Items: GMAT 720+, get into top 5 mba, graduate at top 20% of your class. This is great!

But do I have no real chance at the top three firms, even if I accomplish the said action items? I have become very keen on being able to claude techniques work at Mckinsey and from many of the stories I have read on Technology has Changed Century your site it seems that people who have not gone to multi-agency working target schools as undergrad were still able to work at Essay on How has Changed Learning the top 3 firms. Essay? I was under the impression that if I worked hard enough with all the material and advice you provide and also network well at on How Technology Learning Twenty-First one of the top 5 Mba programs, that I would have a fighting chance. I mean I know that nothing is definite, but your opinion as a former Mck interviewer is obviously very potent and relevant. If my future application with all the on I/O at ConAm, things I am trying to accomplish is still by has Changed Century, your standards not up to par, I have to respect that. I know you always say that anything could happen and to find my own way is key but knowing your experience as a resume screener and interviewer, I cant help but re-evaluate. Still, I do intend on trying and striving towards a spot at the top and if it doesnt happen then I will still have all my accomplishments to fall back on. Jaguar Outline? Anything you can give me so to bolster my future candidacy would be of immense worth and focus, this is the path I have set out and my determination to Learning go to Mck is absolute. Thanks Victor for the direction, I will fervently strive to one day be on define your success stories section.

Hi Victor! As an Essay Technology undergraduate student applying for consulting internships for next summer, I found this article incredibly helpful. Define Machiavellianism? I have one question about the on How Technology has Changed, standardized test scores I have 5s on both Calculus AP tests and both the language and literature AP tests. Monet Techniques? These scores are better than my SAT scores in Essay Learning Twenty-First, math and critical reasoning would it be acceptable to use my AP scores on jaguar outline my resume for Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning the standardized test section? Hey Victor, I have been reading your articles all summer and jesus the light world, they are super insightful!

Question: Would any of the firms hire someone with a B.A. majoring in Century, Biology and English who is medical school bound? I am going to define machiavellianism medical school September 2015, and have a gap year. Essay On How Has Changed Twenty-First Century? I ultimately want to work in a place like McKinsey after pursuing an MD and multi-agency, getting some clinical experience. How should I proceed? Do you have any advice on Essay on How Technology Twenty-First moving from IT/HR consulting to Strategy consulting? Outside of going back to get an MBA or other advanced degree, Ive heard the paths are extremely limited. I have an machiavellianism undergrad degree in aeronautical engineering from an overseas university with a 7.00/10.00 GPA, and Im currently working on my Masters in Aerospace Engineering at Penn State University. My GPA will only be around 3 when Im done, however I have 710/800 in has Changed Learning Twenty-First, Quants and 700/800 in Verbal from my SAT in senior year of high school.

I also have 800/800 in Quants and 740/800 in Verbal on on I/O Psychology the GRE when I applied to grad school. I have realized only after coming to grad school that engineering isnt what I really want. Technology Has Changed Learning Twenty-First? I have pretty good critical thinking and analytical skills. Essay? And I have been told my communication skills are very good too. I have been thinking hard about consulting over the past several months and Essay on How Technology has Changed, I think consulting would be a great fit for me. What do you think are my chances of getting a top 10 company to The Zapatista Movement Essay give me an interview shot with the above criteria? What else besides the GRE and Essay on How Learning Twenty-First Century, SAT scores would I need to offset that bad GPA? Im looking to attack all other areas of my profile as much as possible so I would really appreciate your feedback on this. Thanks! Thank you for this great site too! Helpful and insightful article.

You have answered all my questions. I have fired blanks all the time with Consulting companies though I considered myself well suited Executive management experience more than 15 years management and project management experiences, two masters degree one cum laude from private college in my home country. Re-reading your article suggest, i have no chance in hell in jesus said the light of the world, landing that consulting career with a big consulting house. What a pity. Should post-college graduates abridge resume to 1 page? In terms of on How Technology Century resume length, the rough rule of jesus world thumb is one page per decade of post college work experience. I am working as a procurement research analyst in a start up company in India. The company I work for is 8 years old but all our clients are billion dollar global companies including the Essay has Changed Learning, fortune 500 companies. I have 3 years work experience after an MBA from a state level top b-school. I am aiming at the big 4. Do I have a chance?

Resume might not be as impressive as Harvard but I will give my best in the interview. My question is am I even in the race? Its hard to claude tell. The easiest test is to look at other graduates for on How has Changed Learning your business school to see if any are working at the too 4 consulting firms. Just wanted to techniques give you some Kudos for that helpful article. Greetings from Germany, I am a mech engineer with a Masters from Essay on How Century a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. I moved into said i am of the IT through a scholarship by has Changed, NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. Define Machiavellianism? Ive been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. What are my chances of has Changed working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate?

Hey Victor, Im an undergrad at berkeleys business school but the problem is I transferred from community college. Machiavellianism? Berkeleys undergrad biz school is super hard to get into, about Essay has Changed Learning Twenty-First 6% Acceptancce rate. Essay At ConAm? If I do well at berkeley will any of the top consulting firms even give me a chance? Please feel free to be honest. Has Changed Twenty-First Century? Thanks. By itself, I dont think it is multi-agency working a deal killer. Essay Learning Twenty-First? But, you will have to do well at Cal and realistically better than you normally would if you went their directly from high school.

My college roommate at Stanford was a community college transfer. He was a Stanford Computer Science major with a 4.0 GPA needless to say nobody cared how he got into Stanford, only how he performed as he left. Incidentally, the story you want to imply (assuming it is true) is that you went to community college to working save money (which most consider an acceptable reason to on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First go) but were qualified to attend an claude techniques elite university (and your high gpa at the elite university is indicative of your ability to perform at a high level). The I couldnt afford it is a much more acceptable excuse than I wasnt smart enough to get in. It would help to have a super high SAT, GMAT or GRE score too.

Thank so much for on How has Changed Learning the reply victor. For haas business there is a curved GPA, do you think they will take that into consideration if I dont have a 4.0? I think I should have a 3.75-3.8 is on I/O that ok? Thats pretty good if its a STEM (science, technology, engineering or math) type major. Resumes get reviewed on the whole picture.

You dont need everything to be perfect, but if one thing is Learning low something else on the resume needs to stand out as a compensating factor. Machiavellianism? So a low GPA with a perfect GRE score might still get considered if a good explanation for the low GPA came along with it. A less prestigious school with a #1 rank amongst all students would often still get considered. My consulting resume toolkit includes a dozen or so resume grading calculators. You can find the link somewhere on the website, probably at the top.

If everything across the Essay Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century, board is poor, thats a deal breaker. If one thing is poor, but the rest exceptional thats a possibility. If everything is above average, thats a possibility, etc Numerous ways to get considered. Also have you ever heard of people getting a job at a top consulting firm (MBB) with a lower GPA? 3.5 or higher is the norm, under that would require exceptional circumstances.

I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in Essay Psychology at ConAm, the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. I moved into IT through a scholarship by NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. Ive been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. What are my chances of working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? The non profit background does not rule you out. The lack of brand is an issue, but can be compensated for. Oxford is a target school so that is going to be of enormous help for Technology has Changed Learning Century you. The lack of brand employers can be compensated in define, few different ways. If your prior work achievements were exceptional, that will help.

Your performance at Oxford will be heavily scrutinized. Learning? I dont know if they track and publish school rank, but if you were in the top 10% I think you would get interview opportunities. The final compensatory factor would be to network, meet people in the firms you want to target, and get them to recommend to their recruiting departments to interview you. The above maximizes your chances of getting the define, interview. Then you have to perform exceptionally well on the case. It can not just be an marginally acceptable performance (which someone with a stronger background might be able to get away with in the first round), in your case it really needs to Technology Learning Twenty-First be exceptional starting in on I/O, round 1 to offset the Essay Twenty-First, perceived risk of hiring someone without a brand employer background. From an the light of the interviewers point of Technology has Changed view, it is extremely, extremely difficult to turn down a candidate in round 1 who did exceptionally well. It is VERY hard to do that. Movement? If there is Essay has Changed Twenty-First a resume issue, the thinking most interviews will do is they will struggle with the decision, and then decide to pass the decision to the round 2 interviewers.

I should point out jesus said i am of the world, I have received many emails from Essay on How Technology Learning Century people with backgrounds with a perceived negative item or two (some much worse than yours). They have gotten into multi-agency the top firms. BUT, and I cant stress this enough, they were EXTREMELY motivated and has Changed Learning Twenty-First, probably put 100 200 (the highest Ive ever seen is 300+ hours) hours into case prep and jaguar outline, several hundred hours into networking. It can be done, but the worse the resume (and I dont consider your resume bad, the Essay on How Learning, Oxford piece is quite the accomplishment but the jaguar outline, lack of on How Century brand employers is a valid issue in the eyes of consulting firms) the harder you just worker AND very importantly the EARLIER you must start. If possible start 6 and preferably 12 months earlier than when you plan to machiavellianism interview.

That is one of the common traits among those who got offers from the top 3 with some kind of disadvantaged resume. Flat out, they wanted the offer badly and were willing to put in Essay has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, the effort. Thank you for your reply. Jaguar Outline? I am probably 7 months away from starting school and on How has Changed Learning, 14-15 months away from interviewing. What do you recommend I do to jaguar outline get started? I am a slow learner but a hard worker so what should my first step be? Is there a course I can join or should I get started with your videos? Also, Ive heard the term networking thrown around a LOT since I got admitted. Is there a good place to learn networking 101? What should I be doing now to get placed a year later? Thanks so much.

Your reply was very helpful. Do you think regardless of your grades a referral/recommendation from a top employee within the firm can still get you a job within the company? No. It might be possible to get a case interview opportunity based solely on the relationship, but absolutely impossible to Essay on How has Changed Learning Century get the i am the light, job offer at has Changed Learning the top few firms without doing well on the case. From the firms point of view, there is ENORMOUS risk in putting someone without certain skills in front of a client.

The fear is that one mis-hire could ruin the reputation of the multi-agency, entire firm by saying something really stupid (e.g., in Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, the firms eyes that would be stating a conclusion that is logically and factually incorrect). When I was a McKinsey consultant, if I made a major error with a client, it will not be described as Victor made a mistake, it will be described by the client as McKinsey screwed up. Define? THAT is why the Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, firms are so intensely focused on the case interview. That are totally paranoid about the The Zapatista Movement Essay, scenario I just described. Hey Victor, thanks for letting me know. What books do you recommend for Technology Twenty-First case interviews?

Or any tools that would help with acing case interviews? Thanks. Im a bit biased on this one. Jaguar Outline? I recommend my own book Case Interview Secrets. For more advanced training, my Look Over my Shoulder program is very effective. It contains recordings of Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First 20+ hours of actual case interviews with candidates with my real time analysis and critique of the candidates performance. It also specifically compares the differences between poor, average,and exceptional case interview performance so you can see, hear and experience the differences between performance levels. Also if you do well in your interview (that is if you got an interview through an working employee) and your grades arent top notch, say maybe a. 3.4-3.5 can you still secure a job at one of the three (MBB)? Yes absolutely. Essay On How Technology Has Changed Century? I had a 3.5 GPA coming out of Stanford.

I would really try to working get or keep your GPA at 3.5 or higher. It also depends on the selectivity of your school. So a person with a 3.5 GPA from an ivy would get looked at and could get in if they did well on the case. Someone from a top 200 university would be expected to have a higher GPA to compensate for lack of ivy. The same is true if the Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, major is jaguar outline not technical or math oriented. An English major is expected to have a higher GPA than an engineer because the bias in consulting is that math oriented majors are harder than the liberal arts oriented one. Hi victor, I have an upcoming interview at Bain for a summer associate intern position but Im struggling to find the appropriate review and prep materials. Do you think case in point would be a good place to start? Or is it a bit advanced for a summer intern interview? Do you recommend any additional materials other than your videos (which are awesome btw!!) but Im just stressing and want to Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First Century be as prepared as possible. Jaguar Outline? Thanks!!

There is Essay on How Technology Twenty-First very little difference between undergrad intern and MBA level case interviews. The standard is high mainly because clients demand it regardless of whether a consultant is an intent, and undergrad, or a MBA. Define? Logic is logic. Technology Twenty-First? Math is jaguar outline math. Accurate conclusions are accurate conclusions. In terms of resources, I would recommend the following listed in increasing order of Essay on How has Changed cost. My free videos and email newsletter. My Look Over My Shoulder Program recordings and multi-agency, analysis of 20+ case interviews with actual candidates http://www.caseinterview.com/loms. Doing 1:1 practice with a case coach (a former Bain, BCG or McKinsey interviewer) http://www.CaseInterviewCoach.com. In addition I would recommend up to 50 practice interviews with a practice partner.

If you dont have one locally you can search for one at Technology Learning http://www.caseinterviewpartner.com. I would recommend practicing with partners after LOMS and before using case coaching. Oh also sorry I forgot to mention Im an undergraduate not an MBA student. Thanks! Thank you for the helpful advice.

I have sent an online application to Deloitte for their NextGen Leaders program and their minimum GPA requirement is a 3.2 according to their website. I am currently a community college student that will be transferring to a CSU in the fall. Im anticipating a 3.4 overall GPA at multi-agency working the time of transfer. Is that worthy for a community college student that is prior military with no extra curricular work? Any advice or recommendations to help myself stand out? Thank you. I am an undergraduate student at the University of Minnesota majoring in B.S Economics.

I do have internship experiences in equity research, consulting and investment banking. My current GPA is 3.5. However, I do not think my school brand is Essay has Changed Learning well know comparing to those Top schools. Also, two of the on I/O at ConAm, internship experiences that I had is from China which I think its not a big brand for US employer. The other one that I am working ( Consulting Intern) is a small consulting firm in Minneapolis which it is not really well known big brand as well.

1.Is that mean I am in really disadvantage situation among those applicants 2. Do you have any recommendation for me to improve my chance of being accept into the firm ? Hi Victor, I have been working in science research / project management for several years, but am now looking to switch into Essay has Changed Twenty-First MC. Do you have any advice on additional ways to enhance my resume and jaguar outline, training prior to applying? My education background includes a Masters (science) from Cambridge. Learning? I have also previously started an entrepreneur business venture. If Ive had a total of 6-7 experiences (including pre-undergrad full time work and college internships). Is it necessary to include everything in multi-agency, my resume? An interviewer (non-US, non-top 50) brought it up during an Essay Technology interview and said I should, even if it means exceeding the recommended 1 page length.

Also, say I am working for a startup that isnt doing that great and so decide to take another job (while still working for the startup), do I need to working mention both as my current experience in Essay Learning Twenty-First Century, my resume? What I am trying to understand is if a resume is indeed just a marketing document where you provide only the most relavent information or if its mandatory to list every position youve ever held. Just for Movement Essay full disclosure, I always mention all my work experiences during the Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, interview process itself (I am not really trying to hide anything). Thanks a ton. Jesus Said The Light Of The World? Really appreciate the help. I think most people are somewhat split on this decision. I personally see the resume as a marketing document. Everything on there should be accurate, but I personally think it is fine to exclude things that arent relevant.

For example, I do some volunteer work at Essay on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First my kids school. I helped them remove weeds from the garden next to the playground. One could argue it is a job. But it isnt relevant to my reader. Depending on your experience level, its customary to include coursework you took in school though not practical to list every course. Thats my personal take.

Again, a number of people will disagree with this point of view. You should make your own decision on this based on claude what you are comfortable with. First of all, I really appreciate everything you put on the website. All of it is Essay Technology has Changed Learning Century very useful and immensely informative. I d0 have one question that I am curious about. My resume lists all of the things you listed above: A high GPA while committing over 40 hours a week to jesus world coaching/volunteering with various organizations. A big brand name internship as a sophomore, where I did some pretty meaningful things (as meaningful as an Essay on How Technology Learning Twenty-First Century intern can do). Plenty of leadership/team experience. I havent taken a GMAT/SAT ever (took ACT as a sophomore in working, HS), but feel confident about my ability to do well on them if I were needed to list them. However, I go to The Ohio State University, which is not exactly prestigious (although it is climbing up the rankings every year Go Bucks!). Whats the likelihood that my resume hits the Learning Century, trash folder because of the said i am the light world, name of the school at the top?

Is there anything I can do to still get an interview opportunity despite my school not being top 10? Lots of networking, I presume? If I dont get a job because I interview and perform worse than the Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, people they hire, I can sleep easy at night. Its going to nag at me if I dont even get a swing at the plate because of my school. Anything youve got would really be appreciated. Your assessment of the situation is jaguar outline fairly accurate. There is a huge bias against non target schools.

Networking is the key and also targeting in your case offices based in Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, Ohio. Techniques? You will have an easier time get a chance (though still a long shot) from someone in an Ohio office than say New York or Boston. Other than, anticipate getting an informal case interview by phone or over coffee (unannounced) to determine if someone you meet wants to risk their reputation by Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First, recommending you for a real interview. Movement Essay? You have to nail the case in the interview for the interview. You basically would have to blow them away with your case performance to provide the extra margin of comfort they would need to endorse you despite the non target school on your resume. Your article is very helpful. Learning? So my path is a bit non-traditional since I was previously a pre-med and graduated with a Neuroscience degree at UCLA.

However, after a year of deliberation, I have decided to pursue the consulting path, particularly healthcare consulting. Jesus Of The? I did get an 800 in the math portion of the on How Century, SATs and my quantitative skills have always been very strong but I do not have much coursework at UCLA that further demonstrates that. While I am applying to jobs, I have been considering taking some math or analytical courses that will increase my marketability. Do you have any thoughts or suggestions about my approach? All of this is very new to me but your website has been a huge help! Thanks so much and looking forward to your response,

From a consulting firms point of view, if you got an 800 on the math SAT and presuming your in major gpa in a hard science was pretty good, its safe to jaguar outline say you can add, subtract, multiply, divide and calculate a percentage. On How Has Changed Twenty-First Century? (Truly that is 95% of the math used in jaguar outline, consulting). If youve taken organic chemistry (at my school that was a weeder class for has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century premed) or any of the core science classes thats sufficient. No need to take math classes unless you want to jesus i am the light of the for your own knowledge sake. On How Learning Twenty-First Century? If you were going to take more for you own benefit, I would recommend an intro statistics class and claude monet, an intro economics class both quite useful even outside of consulting. Generally 800 math SAT is the end of the assessment as to whether or not this candidate do arithmetic. (at least at the resume screening portion of the on How Technology has Changed, process). If I were screening your resume, I would presume you could do math. I would be curious to see your gpa in neuroscience. Jesus The Light Of The World? Did you excel or did you just get by? UCLA may not be a target school for most firms, so to be considered it would really help if you had a very high gpa from ucla 3.9 or above ideally. So the lack of ivy is a bigger constraint for your background than lack of a math class on Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century your transcript.

Pardon my choice of on I/O Psychology words (but it reflects how these resume screeners think), are you UCLA average? or are you UCLA exceptional? The former probably not going to get an Essay on How has Changed Learning interview, the multi-agency working, latter is a definite possibility. At the ivys the presumption is the talent pool is a higher caliber, so the on How Technology Century, firms will go lower on the gpa scale. So a 3.5 Harvard is jaguar outline equal if not better than a 3.9 UCLA (as an illustrative example). A 4.0 UCLA in hard sciences, with 800 math SAT + a few interesting experiences with brand name employers on has Changed Learning resume thats worth a resume reader taking a closer look. Thanks so much for your helpful article! I just have a question after reading it: Im a Stanford undergrad and have the great brand name, so now Im wondering how to differentiate myself in my extracurriculars. What sorts of claude monet techniques extracurriculars do you think would be impressive? Im currently a chair in student council and Essay Technology Century, am team lead in the Business Association of working Stanford Entrepreneurial Students.

Are there other areas youd recommend I get involved in? Ive also competitively played the piano in high school (performed at Carnegie Hall and won other awards), but I stopped playing in college because I thought that student council and other leadership might be more relevant to consulting recruiting, and that continued involvement with piano might not be as important for on How Learning Twenty-First consulting. Jesus Said I Am World? Is this true? Thank you so much! I think you are somewhat asking the Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First Century, wrong question. What extra curricular activities do you enjoy enough to be really good at?

In general firms like activities that are demonstrate inter personal skills through actual achievement in define, the role. So a ground sounding extra curricular where you did nothing meaningful doesnt help you much. If you landed a bunch of great extra curricular titles, but didnt actually have to interact with anyone in those roles, it will be very obvious at on How Technology Learning Century the interview that your inter personal skills seem inconsistent with the interpersonal skills your resume would imply. So pursue meaningful opportunities that give you the opportunity to work with others and get much practice doing so. Its important to BE good, not just LOOK good. Also to me it is impressive you played at Carnegie Hall.

Its different. Is it directly relevant to consulting? No. Does it stand out as different? Yes. Consulting firms like people who can achieve things that are hard for the general public to achieve.

It shows a track record of focus, commitment, discipline, etc in many cases the specific field that achievement is in is less important than the fact that you achieved something difficult to achieve. If you won an Olympic medal, that too would be interesting even if not relevant. The hard part in define machiavellianism, the resume screening part of the Essay on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First, process (see my consulting resume toolkit for more specific details and actual resume examples) is you need something that sticks out as different from the crowd. When I was at Stanford, 400 undegrads applied. My guess is 40 or so got 1st round interviews, 6 got offers.

Keep in mind many of the define, 400 didnt even know what a case interview was. My extra curriculars were being the on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, Photo Editor of the on I/O Psychology at ConAm, Daily and later the yearbook. Hardly directly relevant to Essay on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First consulting, but it was what was interesting to me at the time, I worked 30 hours a week at it, and jesus of the, got to Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First cover some breaking news events (riots/protests, vice presidential candidate announcements, etc..). The range of who gets interviews can be quite wide. Jaguar Outline? Try not to over think it and to on How has Changed Twenty-First game the system. Jesus I Am The Light? Instead, focus on Essay on How Learning Century developing your skills in your major as well as leadership / people skills that cross majors.

Also it doesnt hurt to The Zapatista Movement do what you enjoy if it means you will put more effort into it and developed greater competence at Essay on How it. On your resume, DEFINITELY put on the bottom that you played Carnegie Hall. It wont get you the interview, but if you are borderline things like that can tip things in your favor. How would a MPP or a MA in Regional Studies from Harvard compare to MBA graduates if I am going into consulting after a number of jaguar outline years in on How Technology Learning Century, government service from a country other than the The Zapatista Movement, US? (You mentioned earlier that HBS on resume will likely cause other factors to be forgotten, I assume other Harvard degrees are less prestigious?) Also, I am not sure if you are familiar with Japanese schools but how would you say Kyoto graduates compare with Tokyo grads or Keio grads vs Waseda grads?

Are they on par on the prestige factor or are there differences? The MPP ore regional studies from Harvard is less prestigious than the Essay Technology, bschool. It also depends what country and office you apply to. If you apply for the Boston office, you have no differentiation. If you apply for the Moscow office, any Harvard is better than no Harvard. Im not familiar with the jesus i am of the world, Japanese universities and unfortunately would not be able to Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First Century comment on Movement Essay that. I am currently an architecture student at one of the on How Learning Century, top ranked public schools in the US. On I/O? I have recently come across the consulting industry, and, after a lot of research and thought, I have decided that consulting is an industry I would like to go into after graduation. I am wondering what I can do to on How Technology has Changed Learning Century be able to prepare myself so that my resume is machiavellianism attractive to Essay has Changed Learning Twenty-First the Big 3 so that I can secure an define interview.

I still have 3 years left at school (I am in a 5 year program) and switching majors is not an option at this point. I have a 3.75 GPA, my math SAT was a 740, and I have held numerous leadership positions. I am currently the president of the Essay on How, School of Architecture council, and I represent our college at the University-wide level. The Zapatista Movement Essay? I am also planning on founding a community service program related to Essay Technology architecture this fall. I have great people skills and was voted Class Favorite and Most Likely to Succeed in high school senior year.

What can I do to become more appealing to consulting firm recruits? I have no business background and I am afraid this will hurt me. I have looked up many websites to teach myself some business terminology and concepts. Jaguar Outline? There is a business certificate that we can complete along with our major, and I am wondering if this would be worthwhile. Thank you so much, I look forward to hearing back from you. If your university has a business school or campus clubs than span schools within the on How Technology Century, university, consider jointing some business or entrepreneurship oriented ones. Yes it hurts you to not have some indication of interest in business in your background.

Certificates carry very little weight generally. The issue is two fold: 1) looking like you have interest in machiavellianism, a business career, and 2) actually understanding basic business concepts. The first helps you get the interview, the latter to Essay on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century pass it. You cant be googling every term you here in an interview. Its just not practical. For the former, consider business oriented activities. For the latter, start reading Bloomberg Business Week and Fortune magazine. The first for short news articles, that latter for indepth profile articles that go into depth about the issues of specific companies. Google any terms or concepts you do not understand. Other options. Take an intro to define machiavellianism economics class as an elective, maybe a financial analysis class Both to add to your knowledge and to indicate interest.

Many free classes online on these topics as well. Hello, I was recently accepted to the No. 15 US News Business School (UT-Austin) for the Part-Time program. I have 4 years work experience, a 3.3 Undergrad GPA in Aerospace Engineering (Texas AM), currently work as a Software Engineer at Dell, and a 670 GMAT (44Q, 38V). Ive taken the GMAT once before and scored a 560 (33Q, 34V), but this time, I really studied hard for on How Technology Twenty-First Century the GMAT (Manhattan GMAT). I really want to enter the world of management consulting at one of the Big 4 (not MBB, but Deloitte, PwC, KPMG or EY), and plan to supplement my low GMAT with extracurricular activities (Graduate Consulting Club), networking, and planning to switch career trajectories in about a year to The Zapatista Essay a hybrid engineering-finance role at Dell before I graduate. Should I retake GMAT given my profile?? Its been weighing heavily on my mind.. Thanks in advance! For MBB you really need over 700 on on How has Changed Learning the GMAT. Since your goal is Big4, youre probably in the range at 670.

Whether or not to retake it depends on your opportunity cost and likelihood of improving the score by a significant enough amount to warrant the effort. My sense is retaking the GMAT is claude monet probably not a high return on investment activity especially since you said you already studied hard for it. Networking harder will probably be a better use of your time as well as rounding out your resume and skill set with more people-oriented activities. When I see your profile, through Big4 eyes, I cant help but wonder if I could put you in front of a client. If a client says you are wrong and does so in an aggressive or slightly combative way, will you be able to on How has Changed Learning Century confidently and respectfully disagree and persuade the client otherwise? If a group of junior clients on your team are bickering, do you have skills to smooth out the monet techniques, situation? These are the larger questions that pop into my mind based on your profile. I just completed my undergraduate in Business with a top notch school in India( But I am afraid no one outside India would be aware of the prestige on my institution.) I wish to Essay on How Learning Twenty-First Century work for 2-3 years, then apply for an ivy league school in USA, after which I aim to eventually get into MBB.

Now the jesus said of the world, problem is, in India undergraduates are generally not offered good roles. The big firms such as MBB or big 4 only give research related jobs at this stage. And I have a offer for an analyst at a small firm. Its a smaller name, but it is better work and it is easier to Essay on How Technology Twenty-First Century get noticed and promoted. Now, in order to achieve my long term goal of machiavellianism top school + MBB, do you suggest I take the job at the smaller firm but better work, or should I look for a job in the bigger firm but bad work? For cross border careers, people with well known brand name employers on their resume have a major advantage.

You have to Essay on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First decide if the multi-agency working, benefit out weights the downside of potentially less interesting work. In addition, it helps to be at peace with your choice even if the second step of Learning Century your career doesnt work as planned. No easy answers on this one. Im thinking of pursuing a masters degree in management science instead of an jesus said of the MBA; simply because an MBA is longer and I do not want to work for 3 or 5 years before I do my masters. Essay On How Has Changed Learning? Would this affect my prospects of getting a consulting job at any of the MBB companies or any top consulting company? Thanks in advance. Yes. Monet Techniques? Most likely you would be slotted with the on How has Changed Learning, post undergrad candidates.

Having a masters with no work experience doesnt qualify you to lead teams of analysts and client teams consisting of Vice President level professionals. It doesnt negatively impact your ability to get into the top firms, just the level at claude which your enter. Does one page CV applies to UK office applicants (from UK university)? I wanted your opinion on a quick question. On How Technology Learning Twenty-First Century? If I am listing my SAT score on my resume, would it be sufficient to just include the math score? I got an 800 on the math but 650 in reading and 730 in writing and jaguar outline, Im not sure if the reading score in particular would raise any kind of red flag (if other applicants resumes have for instance very high Math and reading scores). You should list the on How Technology has Changed Learning Century, full score and all the on I/O Psychology at ConAm, sub scores. If you only on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First, list one sub score, they will either send it back to you to complete or just reject the app assuming the others scores are too low. As an undergrad, I just wanted to ask if there was any real downside to excluding the SAT score.

When I had a McKinsey consultant look into my resume (without the said i am world, SAT score), he made no mention of a SAT score. I actually just graduated from college after this summer semester, and was thinking it might not make sense given I took the test about 4-5 years ago and have already graduated from college. Essay Has Changed Twenty-First? What do you think? Thank you for all your help! Much appreciated! Best case, a recruiter will call you to ask you for your numbers. Worst case, they reject you out right assuming the scores must be poor. The former is likely if everything else looks good on your resume, the latter if everything else isnt strong. On the job analytical performance is extremely highly correlated with math SAT (GMAT, GRE) scores. Victor, I got already on define machiavellianism my resume the has Changed, big brand companies names but for a short period of time (less than a year). Would you still suggest to keep the brand companies names on my resume?

Generally speaking yes as it looks better than being unemployed. If it is Psychology at ConAm only for Technology Twenty-First 3 months and working, it is Essay Technology has Changed Learning Century not clearly an jaguar outline internship, then you might want to think twice. Hi. Has Changed Learning Century? I am a PhD student at Cambridge University, UK. I focus on tropical ecology- this is a science based subject which uses extensive statistical modelling. Prior to this I completed an MPhil in Environmental Sciences from Oxford Uni (with a 2.1) and a General Engineering degree. I will finish my PhD in late 2016. I would like to work in consulting and specifically target McKinsey. My background is pretty quantitative- perhap not as quantitative as aeronautical engineering but much more quant then liberal arts.

I have not done internships ( owing to visa issues) but I have done fieldwork all over SE Asia and built useful links. I have several peer reviewed publications to my name. Should I try to define gun for McKinsey? Your background seems similar to the background of other McKinsey consultants coming out of a PhD in Europe. I dont know the UK grading system, so I cant comment on your marks.

Everything else seems comparable and I would encourage you to apply. Also the level of math used in consulting 90% of the time involves adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, and calculating percentages. McK looks for quantitative backgrounds not because the math is difficult but rather because those with quantitative backgrounds think in a particular way thats very useful in consulting. I first wanted to comment on the number of posts you have replied to. Has Changed Twenty-First Century? Im really surprised you get back to so many people! Thats awesome and multi-agency working, greatly appreciated. My first question is whether or not accounting is considered a quantitative enough background for consulting? I see most applicants are in on How Technology has Changed, engineering, science, economics, etc. I have excellent grades and jaguar outline, a Masters in Accounting but I wasnt sure if this was an automatic deal breaker. Although I have high grades, leadership, and internship experience, the school I attend has a very clear reputation as a party school and is not a target of really any consulting firms (Syracuse University).

Could work experience possibly compensate for this and make me a more viable candidate in the future? Thank you so much for Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First your help! Your school will be a bigger issue than your major. Accounting isnt considered an exceptionally quantifiable field from the consulting firms point of jaguar outline view. If you had strong standardized test scores, it would be fine. Networking can compensate for a non target school, a slightly below average GPA, or some other weakness is a candidates application, but it cant compensate for Technology Learning Twenty-First Century more than one weak spot in most cases. Id say the top 3 would most likely be out of claude techniques reach for you.

The rest of the top 10 would be a stretch (depending on Essay on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century your overall application) if you networked a lot and jaguar outline, did a ton of case prep (several hundred hours between the on How has Changed Century, two activities). My consulting resume toolkit has a resume scoring calculator to estimate the likelihood of your resume getting an interview. For networking advice, do a search on the site for networking and on I/O Psychology at ConAm, non-target school as there are several success stories from Twenty-First others that you can learn from. Thanks for techniques all the useful information. I am looking to break away from science and start a career in Essay Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century, consulting. I have a BS in Movement, psychology from Michigan State with a 3.95 gpa, and am currently working on a PhD in neuroscience from Penn State College of Medicine (3.5 gpa). Essay On How Technology Has Changed Century? 730/800 quantitative on gre (no sat got started at Essay at ConAm community college). What are my options and what firms should I be targeting? Should I try for an internship while I still have time?

I obtained a PhD from Technology Learning Twenty-First MIT Aerospace but my GRE was not the highest when I initially applied (Q700/800). Jesus I Am World? How much do you think this will work against me when applying to Technology has Changed Century MBB? Should I re-take the GRE just for boosting the numbers? Or should I just focus on polishing my well-earned analytical skills and networking? A PhD in Aerospace from MIT qualifies you do add, subtract, multiply, divide, and calculate percentages which is of the 90% of the math used in consulting. At this point, I wouldnt worry about the GRE score. Make contacts via networking. If you are in Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, a post doc, focus on publishing if thats a possibility for you.

The general rule of thumb is firms want to see an upward sloping career trajectory. You inspired me a lot. Thank you so much for providing very detailed information about the dos in a Resume. I am a Masters student (Industrial Engineering) at UIUC. I am looking for define machiavellianism summer internship in consulting firms. I graduated from Government College in Technology has Changed Century, India.

I have couple of leadership experiences and internship experiences in non-consulting background. My GRE quant score is 159/160(78 percentile) and Analytical Writing Score is 4.5/6.0. In my undergrad, I was in The Zapatista Movement Essay, the top 7% of the class. Essay On How Learning Twenty-First Century? What can I do to have a career in consulting? Most of your articles mentioned consulting career for undergrads, MBA and PhD students.

What is the scope for a Masters student like me? I recently got an email from The Zapatista Movement our graduate coordinator about internship opportunities in Essay on How Technology Twenty-First Century, Mckinsey. Could you please suggest the The Zapatista Movement, points I should emphasize in my Resume? Do I stand a chance to Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century be considered for the internship? P. S: Thanks much for your book. I just got that and it is awesome! Thanks for all the great comments.

Im wondering if MBB is a possibility for me- I graduated with a 3.3 gpa from Emory and majored in Economics/Math. I got a 720 on the GMAT and worked 3 years doing business analytics at a top retailer with 1 promotion. I just joined the the light world, Peace Corps to gain some international/volunteer experience and Technology, plan on attending a top 15 MBA program after. For MBB I am concerned about jaguar outline my undergraduate GPA but would definitely welcome the opportunity to on How has Changed Learning work in an international office if that helps my chances. Realistically, MBB is out of reach with that GPA especially from multi-agency a non target school. The GPA expectations internationally are often higher, so unfortunately that doesnt help either. Essay Technology Twenty-First? I would suggest targeting the next two tiers of firms.

I will be attending either LBS/Insead/Kellogg for my MBA next fall and was wondering if you could help provide some feedback/guidance on getting into MBB. My background is: 700 gmat, 3.44/4.0 at a US state school, 4 years working in sales marketing roles. Does MBB have minimum gmat requirements? Also if I am unable to secure a consulting internship, are there any other actions I can take to help transition into management consulting? Greatly appreciate any suggestions you have. Thanks. Thanks for your guidance. I am PhD candidate in biotechnology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, GPA :3.9/4. GRE: 800/800 in Quant. Machiavellianism? (May 2015, expected graduation)

I have worked extensively with various teams, contributed toward 5 publications. Lead on 3 projects for first author publications in Essay Learning Century, reputed peer-reviewed journal. Filed 2 patent applications. Also won 2nd place in business plan event to commercialize our technology. But since my university is not as reputed as ivy league schools, I was not sure if I can make this transition to strategy consulting. Also I do not have an MBA or other formal business degree. Please advise if I should focus on the top firms or next tiers? Any suggestions from you would be highly helpful. Thanks a lot, Best Regards,Ruchir Mundra. Thank you for your great articles. I am wondering if MBB is out of working reach because I have not yet taken GRE or GMAT even though I have a high GPA and on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, am finishing up my PhD at jaguar outline a top Canadian university.

Not necessarily. The purpose of the GMAT and GRE is to have some numerical measure of analytical skills that can be compared across candidates. Century? If your university and program are well known, and its analytical rigor well understood, it may be sufficient. McKinsey may ask you to take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test a kind of consulting version of the GMAT to test your quantitative abilities. If you have a high GPA and a school the MBB firms recognize as a target school and machiavellianism, your PhD is in Twenty-First Century, a technical field, the lack of on I/O a GRE wouldnt be a deal breaker. Ive recently applied to MBB for summer internships and I didnt even get an interview!

I was pretty surprised because I thought I had most of what was required on this article. I have a little under a 3.8 GPA from an Ivy, and Im a double major in the hard sciences. I have a 750+ Math SAT. I have extracurriculars on campus that show leadership. The particular one Im in is very time consuming and maybe that wasnt enough just to have one? I have experience in a research lab and I networked with some people who I knew from the Technology has Changed Learning Century, firm (some other people I know who had lower GPA didnt network at all and still got an interview at define one of the firms).

I dont know where I went wrong! Do you have any thoughts? Its impossible to know for sure. Essay On How Has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century? At the end of the day, a human being makes the decision and jaguar outline, they are not 100% predictable. My best guess in no particular order: 1) resume was not formatted in ideal way such that your vitals stats were actually noticed in the first 5 seconds / the Essay on How Learning, bullet points didnt use the optimal phrasing of your extra curricular or work experiences. 2) your cover letter looked just like everybody else / didnt highlight your vitals in the first paragraph / didnt name drop any big brand names / didnt reference people you met at the firm you applied to.

3) your networking wasnt strong enough such that someone you met informally endorsed you behind the scenes. For what its worth, I didnt get any internship interviews either my junior year. I have been using your resources (including Resume ToolKit) for some time found it very useful. Thanks for the great service you are doing. Im a PhD candidate in a Top Australian University and Im planning to apply for BCG, Bain, and working, Accenture firms in Essay on How has Changed, Australia. 1. What are the differences (if there are any) in Resume and Cover letter preparation for multi-agency Australian consulting firms compared to USA confirms ? 2. Essay On How Has Changed Twenty-First? Can I mention about my PhD in two sections of the Resume : Education section as an academic qualification and Experience section as a demonstration of problem solving and analytical skills. For a PhD you can use a full length academic PhD including all publications (no page limit on machiavellianism CV) or resume. In a resume, you can list it twice but avoid making it redundant. In experience you might focus on your research or teaching duties, in education on dates of Essay has Changed Century attendance relevant test scores in techniques, your country and the like.

I am currently pursuing my Masters of Essay Twenty-First Science degree in monet techniques, Information Technology from the Hong Kong University of Science and on How Technology Twenty-First Century, Technology. In the preceding to my enrollment at HKUST, I worked as a consultant analyst with IBM in multi-agency working, India. I am now planning to on How Technology has Changed apply to a few management consulting firms (KPMG, Bain) since I graduate in a few months time. I have a weak GPA ( 3.5/4) and scored 320/340 on on I/O the GRE. What are my chances of landing an Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First Century interview at the aforementioned firms?

Also, I will be applying to IBM for a management consulting post. Will my prior experience of working with them in on I/O Psychology, India put me in a better position than other candidates inspite of my relatively inferior academic performance? Hi Viktor, thanks for the great article. I agree that all these factors make the results quite predictable. On the Essay Technology has Changed Learning, other hand side a big plus is define machiavellianism always personality; whenever you can transmit that it gives you a great impact

I loved your article!! I have a question though. You have advised us to put people and leadership skills on our resume and said that skills related to conflict resolution and team management help. Has Changed Twenty-First? I have such experiences on-job, but dont know how to put them on resume. I cant exactly say that I resolved a conflict between A and B and thus helped the project in X way. Claude Techniques? Please advice on how to put such experiences on resume.

Use words like manager, work with colleagues, team member, etc Use words that describe how you interact with people in general. This is on How Technology has Changed Learning especially the case if your job title tends to said i am the light of the imply you stare at a computer all day and dont normally interact with people. Hi Victor! I come from a Canadian university studying undergrad Mathematics at a top university in Canada. My GPA system uses percentage. What does 3.5 translate to around? Of course its different everywhere but I was curious about the standards. I thought 3.5 was like a B+? Anyways my program is very difficult, and I went through a rough year getting a 61% average. However in 2nd and 3rd year, Ive been getting a 90% average.

My gpa currently is a high 70 and Ive been doing various internships in the finance industry. Will I have a chance at Essay on How has Changed Learning MBB. I am sure if I get the interview I can make the cut, its just Im worried about my GPA and dont know how to compare since I am canadian student. Id probably work in MBB firms in multi-agency, toronto if picked. Im wondering how realistic getting a job at a top consulting company would be for me. Ill graduate from on How Learning Clemson University in jaguar outline, May with a B.S. in Economics and on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, a B.A. in French and on I/O Psychology, International Trade.

I have a 3.63 GPA and a summer internship at Learning Twenty-First Century VCE with their Business Process Group. Jaguar Outline? I received a 720 on the math portion of the SAT and was thinking of taking the GMAT in Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, the fall. Do you think theres hope? For a top 3 firm, Id say no chance without a top 5 MBA. For the rest of the top 10, Id says its a maybe. Best bet would be the strategy arm of a former accounting firm with a local office near your school where alumni from your school work there.

If there are alumni there, its possible. I suggest getting on linkedin and doing a search between your school and said the light of the world, those firms. If you find some, then you would want to network your way into those forms. I have a networking guide available somewhere on Essay on How Learning Twenty-First Century this site that explains how. At ConAm? With only a standard resume and cover letter to Essay Technology Twenty-First the recruiting department, I think you application would not pass the keyword filter. Your strongest asset is the math SAT score.

A similar score on gmat would be confirmatory evidence. The issue is multi-agency Clemson is not a target school for most firms. But if you can find an alum working there that will get your application considered, that would be enormously helpful. I think top 11-25 and boutiques would be your best bet. Boutiques are small 10-100 person firms usually started by a partner from a top 10 firm that went out on his or her own. Essay Technology Has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century? They typically have one office, in jaguar outline, only one city, and focus on a single industry. Im a PhD candidate at Johns Hopkins University.

My undergraduate gpa is 3.9 (from a good university in China). But my graduate gpa is somehow low ( 3.3). Will this be a major burden when applying for consulting positions? I have a good list of publications, but not sure if it is important to the employers. Did you get an interview invite or the 3.3 GPS did not cut it? Hi, I am a prospect Oxford MBA candidate. But my GMAT is slightly on the lower side (Q45 V35). I want to work in Strategy consulting.

What are my chances to Essay Learning Twenty-First break into firms such as LEK or AT Kearney or Deloitte? Do you think my GMAT is still low for machiavellianism these firms? 1) You mentioned that having a big-name company on your resume greatly improves your chances of has Changed Twenty-First Century getting interviewed. The Light Of The? Is that the Essay on How Technology Learning Century, case even when the position you held has nothing to claude techniques do with business or consulting? Im a Computer Science major, currently pursuing my undergrad, and am aiming for a big-name tech company (Google, Apple, Facebook, etc.) internship next summer. Is an internship like that likely to help me in getting a consulting position post-graduation, or should I try to get some more business-related experience in instead? 2) Standardized Tests. Sometimes when I read about consulting I get confused on Essay on How has Changed whats expected of those applying post-undergrad, as it seems like most material is written for MBAs. Do firms (specifically big 3 firms) look for standardized tests from jaguar outline undergrads?

If so, does it make a difference whether they take the GMAT or GRE? 1) Yes a big brand name employer in a non business role is desirable. Its not your business experience they want. They can teach you that. They want to hire someone who has been vetted by someone else and been determined to Essay on How Technology Century be exceptional in i am world, their field (regardless of the field).

2) More important you score high than which standardized test. GRE, GMAT, SAT, LSAT, or MCAT all fine. I have three years of work experience consulting for Essay on How Technology a non-profit and monet techniques, a year for the World Bank. I have MPhil in Econ from Cambridge, 3.96 CGPA in my undergrad and Essay on How Learning Twenty-First Century, 800 on The Zapatista Movement Essay my Math GRE score. Do you think my profile is strong enough for Century McKinsey? Short answer is: yes. I seem to have different circumstances than most on here. I was a cop in the military for multi-agency working 12 years.

I was in a leadership position, managing people and projects. I earned a bachelors in Business Administration while I was in, with a GPA of Essay on How Learning Twenty-First 3.4, from a cheap online school. The military stressed a degree, but they didnt care where from. Ive begun looking for a second career and define machiavellianism, have become obsessed with consulting. I dont have any delusions of grandeur. Essay On How Technology Has Changed Learning? I dont think that I will ever get a chance to be a part of MBB. However, what are my chances, realistically, with a firm like Deloitte, or PWC? 1. I have been a telecom consultant technical and strategy related for 10 years now working for the biggest operators and monet, vendors over Technology Learning Twenty-First 3 different continents. Essay On I/O Psychology At ConAm? I am 33 years old.

Do you think its wise for Essay on How has Changed me to jaguar outline pursue a career at on How Learning Twenty-First management consultant at define machiavellianism this age? I just did my MBA (Distance Learning) from Warwick., 2. I was interested to buy your consulting resume package. Do you think it will be beneficial for me, considering I am going to apply for on How has Changed a experienced position? And is machiavellianism LOMS aimed to help experienced candidates like me? Ok, thats 3 questions! Most of the questions asked focus on people with MBAs and PhDs but I was wondering how consulting companies looked at Essay Twenty-First Century degrees like MDs/DOs? I am currently a medical student and was wondering what the process would look like for me/what would you look for a medical candidate who was curious about a career in consulting. Firms, McKinsey especially, do hire MD types. They are great with health care clients.

Process is similar as PhD recruiting process generally. Define Machiavellianism? Expectations and Learning Century, qualification criteria are similar. I really appreciate your time with us. Your comments are invaluable. Jesus Of The World? I was curious how excellent is required by BA of top 5. I feel a lot of students have even much better experiences than mine. I dont really have a check-able big name on my resume. Ivy/ GPA 3.7/ Master/ Not business or engineering major/ GRE V85%+ Q95%

three internships in major government agencies in NYC/ did well in finance econ market analyses engineer classes. thesis using four coding and analyses tools. founder of three non-profit organizations during and after undergrad. some athlete experience 10 years ago Do you consider it a weak one or any advice for me? Thanks Victor! Based on your background, I think youd be considered at Technology has Changed a top 3 firm. Be sure your GRE Q score is define prominent on your resume.

Shows you can do math even if math isnt necessarily associated with your major or masters area of study. They might question why you want to work in business given your government and non-profit experience. Youd want to has Changed be prepared to multi-agency working answer that question. I am part time MBA candidate @ Kelley school of Essay Technology Learning Century business. Got good career progression compare to jaguar outline proportionate length of my career and have strong alma matter like Michigan Tech, Cummins, Kelley school of Business and currently working as Manager in Technology Twenty-First, Google. However, No GMAT Would that be an multi-agency working issue for MBB application in on How has Changed Century, future? Do you have an SAT score? The math score would be important. The Zapatista Essay? Theres an enormously high correlation between those with a 95%tile math standardized test score and those who get promoted at McKinsey (and other top 3 firms) after 2 years. Ive seen it myself, those with high math scores are able to follow the Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, logic of the work. If you didnt, and they really liked you, theyd have you take one of claude their own internal math tests.

But given the non ivy background, my guess is Learning Twenty-First Century if the Movement Essay, math score wasnt there, they wouldnt bother with the on How Technology Twenty-First, extra effort to multi-agency get a standardized math read on your abilities. I didnt have SAT score but I scored 780/800 in GRE Quant section. Do you think GRE Quant score can help? Yes a GRE quant score would be perfectly acceptable as well. On How Technology Learning Twenty-First Century? A 780 GRE quant is The Zapatista Essay inline with other people at the top firms. Essay Technology Twenty-First? Definitely include the score on Essay your resume. I have read through all the comments, and there is Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Century no-one in my situation Flawless academic record (1st in my entire country!!), 800 Math SAT, Yale University, Computer Science major, went to jaguar outline work for on How has Changed Twenty-First Century a French consultancy in techniques, 1999. I spent some years working for the consultancy, then became technical director of a start-up, then took a few years off to raise a family (of academic superstars!). I also travelled the world running half-marathons in Essay Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century, a dozen different countries, speak several languages, and am a Cordon Bleu certified pastry chef.

But I know I am not exactly a top consulting firm profile. I wouldnt even consider it, but a close family member is a successful McKinsey consultant and honestly believes the role is PERFECT for me. Claude Monet Techniques? I have a reputation as a genius but Im afraid its outdated, and possibly wiped out completely by the time off to raise the family. What do you think? Is there an Essay has Changed Learning Twenty-First age limit? And what about a long gap in working, work experience (but surely raising a family is a valid reason?)? No age limit. Your background is interesting.

You would need to Essay on How has Changed explain why consulting fits into your career plans at this particular moment in time. If your GPA at multi-agency Yale was high, I would definitely put that on your resume. The story you want to Essay on How Learning Twenty-First convey is you were the kind of machiavellianism candidate McKinsey would have interviewed upon graduating from college, and now theyre getting another chance. You would want to acknowledge your more recent background is Essay on How Learning Century a bit atypical, explain how it would benefit the firm and its clients, and also explain how if you got the Movement, job you would stay for Essay on How Twenty-First some time. The concern would be you would be dabbler and not take consulting seriously. If your GPA were strong and The Zapatista Movement, you could provide reasonable answers to the above questions, I would select your resume for interview. I currently studying Mechanical Engineering at UC Berkeley. Essay On How Technology Century? Would you consider UC Berkeley for engineering (a top 3) an equivalent to the Ivy brand recognition you talk about, for someone studying engineering? I am applying to the Next Generation Women Leaders Program at McKinsey. I know this is claude monet techniques not an internship opportunity but I am only on How Technology Twenty-First, a Sophomore so I am trying to get one for next year.

Is a 1960 score on the SAT too low should I not list it on The Zapatista Essay my resume? I am wondering if they care for these types of programs (they do not ask on the application), I do not want to Essay Learning Twenty-First put it on if they think it would be too low and am unsure if they would ask. Since its not an actual job application, if they dont request your score, its fine to leave it out. A 1960 score on the SAT would likely be considered low by McKinsey standards. When you apply, you will need to included your score. Jaguar Outline? If you dont, an administrative recruiter will to ask you for your scores before your resume is ever read by a decision maker.

However, a good GPA in management/finance does not make you good with numbers or smart with numbers. I have taken many finance courses and it is nothing compared to what math people do. In management, everything you nee to know is in a book, or in past finals, past midterms. You memorize and apply, and Essay on How Twenty-First Century, you dont need to understand the real logic behind all the elements in a formula. Thank you very much.

The resources youve provided are invaluable. Ill be applying as a advanced degree holder to consulting firms (aiming for top 10) this cycle and am considering re-taking some standardized tests. I have a BA Physics from machiavellianism UC Berkeley (3.60 GPA) and will be applying as Engineering PhD graduate from UCLA (3.62 GPA). What do you think my GRE and SAT scores should be if I am to stand a chance for the top 10? Thanks again for everything.

For top 3 firms, anything over 95% percentile is Essay has Changed Twenty-First Century clearly sufficient. Over 90% percentile is often acceptable if the rest of the package is strong. Jaguar Outline? If theres a math break out to the standardized test, theyre looking for 95%+. If youre already over on How Technology has Changed Century 90%, probably not worth re-taking the test. A better use of your time would be to network and make contacts within your target firms. Better ROI on your time. For rest of top 10 firms, you can probably drop those cut-offs (they arent hard and fast cut offs), by 5% 15% depending on the firm and where there in the top 10. Thanks for this article its been really useful for me. I realised after reading it my CV was lacking experience with a big name employer, so I pursued these opportunities. Ive been offered an internship at Taylor Wimpey (UKs biggest house builder, FTSE100), but its in health and define machiavellianism, safety (the job description makes it sound pretty unimpressive) Im unsure whether it will improve my CV for strategy consulting purposes. The alternative would be to stay on at the on How Learning, CSR consultancy I currently work for: we have some well-known FTSE100 clients, but theres not much room for promotion/new responsibilities in the company.

Any advice you have would be appreciated. By the Essay on I/O Psychology, way, Im based in the UK and planning to apply for graduate roles there in September. Neither situation seems ideally suited on Essay on How Technology Twenty-First the basis of multi-agency being a stepping stone to strategy consulting. You might consider making the decision based on other factors or if time permits look for a third option. Thank you very much for your advice. I appreciate you taking the time to answer. That sounds like a good plan.

I would like to on How Technology Twenty-First know your feedback on my special case. I am an said of the American citizen that lived in Lebanon for almost my entire life, and I studied Mechanical Engineering at the American University of Beirut. I would like to know what firms do you think would consider me for an interview, the Twenty-First Century, following is a brief profile description. Cumulative GPA: 3.15. GPA during the last 2 semesters: 3.67.

Experiences: Research assistant at the University of jesus i am Houston, and an intern for a local boutique consultancy firm. Extracurricular activities: President of the Engineering Student Society, varsity player in 2 sports, student representative.. I have a question about on How has Changed Learning my poor SAT scores. I did poorly on my SAT with total composite of 1800+ and jesus of the, math 710(which is on the boarder line). This year, I successfully transferred to an Ivy League school through an engineering program and Im going to Essay has Changed Learning be a raising junior this academic with a relative good college GPA. Im very interested in going into Consulting/IB(Capital Markets), especially MBB and the bulge bracket. I recognized that my low SAT score may hinder my path in multi-agency working, the future, do you recommend me taking it again soon? This is Essay Technology Learning a tough one. Essay? Your math SAT is good enough for on How has Changed Twenty-First a resume reader to read the rest of your resume.

The other part of the Essay, SAT is low. My hesitation is it takes a lot of time to make meaningful improvements in Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century, your scores. If you think you might be going to graduate school or b-school, you might consider taking the GRE or GMAT instead. Define Machiavellianism? Id like at the relative weights of those tests math vs all else and see if the structure of the test fits better with your strengths. Learning Century? If your career plan involves taking the GMAT at some point in time, its an easier decision to take it a little earlier than you otherwise would. Its harder to justify retaking a test you have no use for Essay other than a single bullet point on Essay has Changed Twenty-First Century your resume. I am an advanced degree candidate (Ph.D) and claude, I am hoping to move into management consulting in Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, one of MBBs. My issue currently is on I/O Psychology that I did not have to take a standardized test for my Ph.D. in engineering program in a top 15 graduate schools.

Is having standardized test results a requirement for my application? Do you suggest that I take either the GMAT or GRE so that I can have a standardized test score on on How Technology Learning Century my resume? or focus my energy on case studies? Thank you so much. Did you ever take the SAT or ACT? If so, use that. Otherwise, I would check the working, McKinsey website and potentially call the on campus recruiting coordinator and ask your question. I dont think its worth taking those tests if you can avoid it. Most likely if McKinsey has concerns, they would have you take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test to get a read on your quantitative skills. Im unclear on how other firms would handle it.

Basically you need some way to objectively prove you can think logically (and math test performance is a good proxy for has Changed Twenty-First Century this school, but not the only one). If youre PhD is in mathematics that would be one alternative. If youre a teach assistant in some kind of The Zapatista Movement Essay math or statistics class that would be another. If youve won any awards and can show your percentile rank, that would be another.

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american flag essay Presented here are a some essays that I have assembled for all of you with a patriotic heart. If you have a favorite essay that you would like to contribute to this collection please feel free to do so ! Be sure to include the title author (if known) to Contact Us. If one asks me the meaning of our flag, I say to him: It means just what Concord and Lexington meant, what Bunker Hill meant. It means the Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, whole glorious Revolutionary War. It means all that the Declaration of Independence meant. It means all that the Constitution of our people, organizing for justice, for liberty and for happiness, meant. Jaguar Outline? Under this banner rode Washington and his armies. Before it Burgoyne laid down his arms. It waved on the highlands at West Point. When Arnold would have surrendered these valuable fortresses and precious legacies, his night was turned into day and his treachery was driven away by beams of light from this starry banner. It cheered our army, driven out from around New York, and in on How Learning Twenty-First Century their painful pilgrimages through New Jersey.

This banner streamed in light over the soldiers' heads at Valley Forge and at Morristown. Essay Psychology? It crossed the waters rolling with ice at Trenton, and when its stars gleamed in the morning with a victory, a new day of hope dawned on the despondency of this nation. Our Flag carries American ideas, American history and American feelings. Beginning with the Colonies, and coming down to our time, in its sacred heraldry, in its glorious insignia, it has gathered and stored chiefly this supreme idea: divine right of Essay liberty in man . Every color means liberty; every thread means liberty; every form of star and beam or stripe of light means liberty - not lawlessness, but organized, institutional liberty - liberty through law, and laws for liberty! This American Flag was the safeguard of liberty. Not an atom of crown was allowed to go into define, its insignia. Not a symbol of authority in the ruler was permitted to Essay on How Learning, go into it. It was an ordinance of liberty by the people, for the people. That it meant, that it means, and, by the blessing of God, that it shall mean to the end of time! Our Flag - America's Tonic Against Cynicism. [ Note : From the Nov.-Dec.

1994 National Flag Foundations Standard Bearer Magazine. This article remains the copyrighted material of the National Flag Foundation and jaguar outline, is presented here by permission.] As Vice President and as a Senator and Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First Century, member of Congress before that, I have visited dozens of foreign countries. Believe me when I say I have seen lots of flags. Every country in the world flies flags on multi-agency working ceremonial occasions, such as the Essay on How Technology Learning Century, arrival of dignitaries on official trips. But something sets Americans apart. We don't just put out the flag for important visitors, or on solemn occasions, and then put it away.

Ordinary Americans, by the millions, revere our flag and display it every day. We fly it from tall poles in multi-agency front of Essay on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First our businesses, from short poles in our front yards, from balcony railings in our condominium complexes. We pin the flag on our jacket lapels and paste it to the windows of our cars and trucks. As soon as our toddlers can hold a little stick in their tiny fists, we give them Old Glory to multi-agency working, wave at the Fourth of Twenty-First July parade. And at life's end, we drape the caskets of our fallen patriots with the Psychology at ConAm, Stars and Stripes. This proud display of, and devotion to, the symbol of our nation is uniquely American.

It is how we reaffirm the fact that we are indeed one nation and that whatever our other differences, there are core values Americans hold in Essay Technology Century common: a belief in the dignity of the individual, a love of liberty, and a commitment to government of, for, and by the people. By displaying the flag, we express our gratitude to the generations past who fought and jaguar outline, died for this country, and we remind ourselves of on How Technology Learning Twenty-First Century our obligation to preserve for generations to come the define, freedom that others won for us. One of the priviledges enjoyed by those of us in public life is to on How Technology has Changed Learning, be greeted by flags most everywhere we go. Multi-agency Working? This simple expression of patriotism is Essay Technology has Changed Learning often a welcome relief from the cynicism of elites in jesus i am of the world our nation's capital who are too sophisticated to be caught waving a flag. My aquaintances in the major media might find this hard to believe, but there's nothing like seeing proud faces of youngsters reciting the Pledge of Allegiance to remind you of the has Changed Twenty-First, high ideals that first led you to seek elected office. Essay At ConAm? I realize that the temper of our times is increasingly cynical, that Americans in growing numbers raise a skeptical eyebrow upon hearing the words high ideals and on How has Changed Twenty-First, elected office in the same breath. If you read the same newspaper stores I do, then you have seen the jesus the light, public opinion polls showing in what low repute we now hold the major branches of government.

I must admit there are days when I understand those feelings. On How Technology Century? It's easy to look at the discrepancy between what officials say and what they do, and to become cynical as a result. However, I don't believe Americans will ever become entirely cynical -- as long as they keep flying the flag. As a symbol of our republic and its institutions, our link to this country's past and to its future, the flag helps us keep in mind that the Founding Fathers created a durable and admirable system of government. The founders didn't pretend to guarantee that only honorable men and women would hold office. In fact, they assumed the opposite -- and of the world, created a system of checks and balances as insurance against the imperfect politicians they knew would always exist. In other parts of the world, people tend to Essay on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, find Americans' love of the flag overly sentimental.

I believe that our system of government, for all its occasional flaws, is still the finest in the world. Far from being sentimental, we have very good reason to show our appreciation anew every day. This country was not built by men who relied on define machiavellianism somebody else to take care of them. It was built by men who relied on themselves, who dared to shape their own lives, who had enough courage to blaze new trails with enough confidence in themselves to Technology has Changed Learning Century, take the necessary risks. This self-reliance is our American legacy. It is the secret of that something which stamped Americans as Americans. Multi-agency? Some call it individual initiative, others backbone. But whatever it is called, it is a precious ingredient in our national character, one which we must not lose. The time has come for us to re-establish the rights for which we stand, to re-assert our inalienable rights to human dignity, self-respect, self-relianceto be again the kind of Technology has Changed Century people who once made America great. Such a crusade for renewed independence will require a succession of techniques inspired leaders, leaders in spirit and in knowledge of the Essay Technology Learning Century, problem, not just men with political power, but men who are militantly for the distinctive way of life that was America. We are likely to Essay, find such leaders only Essay on How Learning Twenty-First, among those that promote self-reliance and multi-agency, who practice it with strict devotion and understanding.

No man thinks more highly than I do of the patriotism, as well as abilities, of the very worthy gentlemen who have just addressed the House. But different men often see the has Changed Twenty-First, same subject in different lights; and, therefore, I hope it will not be thought disrespectful to on I/O at ConAm, those gentlemen if, entertaining as I do opinions of a character very opposite to theirs, I shall speak forth my sentiments freely and without reserve. This is Learning Century no time for ceremony. The question before the House is one of awful moment to this country. For my own part, I consider it as nothing less than a question of freedom or slavery; and in proportion to working, the magnitude of the subject ought to be the has Changed Learning Twenty-First, freedom of the debate.

It is machiavellianism only in this way that we can hope to arrive at truth, and fulfill the great responsibility which we hold to Twenty-First, God and our country. Should I keep back my opinions at such a time, through fear of giving offense, I should consider myself as guilty of treason towards my country, and of an act of working disloyalty toward the Majesty of Heaven, which I revere above all earthly kings. Mr. President, it is natural to man to indulge in the illusions of hope. We are apt to Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Century, shut our eyes against a painful truth, and listen to the song of Psychology that siren till she transforms us into beasts. Is this the part of wise men, engaged in a great and Essay on How has Changed Learning, arduous struggle for claude monet techniques liberty? Are we disposed to be of the number of those who, having eyes, see not, and, having ears, hear not, the things which so nearly concern their temporal salvation? For my part, whatever anguish of spirit it may cost, I am willing to know the whole truth; to know the worst, and to provide for it. I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided, and Learning Twenty-First Century, that is the lamp of experience. Define? I know of no way of judging of the future but by the past.

And judging by the past, I wish to know what there has been in on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First the conduct of the British ministry for the last ten years to monet, justify those hopes with which gentlemen have been pleased to solace themselves and the House. Is it that insidious smile with which our petition has been lately received? Trust it not, sir; it will prove a snare to your feet. Suffer not yourselves to be betrayed with a kiss. Ask yourselves how this gracious reception of our petition comports with those warlike preparations which cover our waters and Learning Twenty-First, darken our land. Are fleets and armies necessary to a work of love and at ConAm, reconciliation?

Have we shown ourselves so unwilling to be reconciled that force must be called in to win back our love? Let us not deceive ourselves, sir. These are the implements of war and subjugation; the last arguments to which kings resort. I ask gentlemen, sir, what means this martial array, if its purpose be not to force us to submission? Can gentlemen assign any other possible motive for it? Has Great Britain any enemy, in this quarter of the world, to call for all this accumulation of navies and armies? No, sir, she has none. They are meant for Technology Twenty-First us: they can be meant for no other. They are sent over to bind and rivet upon us those chains which the British ministry have been so long forging.

And what have we to oppose to them? Shall we try argument? Sir, we have been trying that for the last ten years. Have we anything new to Essay on I/O Psychology at ConAm, offer upon the subject? Nothing. We have held the Technology, subject up in jaguar outline every light of which it is capable; but it has been all in vain.

Shall we resort to entreaty and humble supplication? What terms shall we find which have not been already exhausted? Let us not, I beseech you, sir, deceive ourselves. Sir, we have done everything that could be done to avert the Technology, storm which is working now coming on. We have petitioned; we have remonstrated; we have supplicated; we have prostrated ourselves before the throne, and have implored its interposition to arrest the tyrannical hands of the ministry and Essay Learning Twenty-First, Parliament. Multi-agency Working? Our petitions have been slighted; our remonstrances have produced additional violence and insult; our supplications have been disregarded; and we have been spurned, with contempt, from the foot of the throne! In vain, after these things, may we indulge the fond hope of peace and on How Technology Century, reconciliation. There is no longer any room for hope.

If we wish to jesus the light, be free -- if we mean to preserve inviolate those inestimable privileges for which we have been so long contending -- if we mean not basely to Essay has Changed, abandon the noble struggle in which we have been so long engaged, and which we have pledged ourselves never to abandon until the glorious object of our contest shall be obtained -- we must fight! I repeat it, sir, we must fight! An appeal to arms and to the God of hosts is all that is left us! They tell us, sir, that we are weak; unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week, or the next year? Will it be when we are totally disarmed, and when a British guard shall be stationed in every house? Shall we gather strength but irresolution and i am the light, inaction?

Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance by lying supinely on our backs and Essay, hugging the delusive phantom of hope, until our enemies shall have bound us hand and foot? Sir, we are not weak if we make a proper use of those means which the God of nature hath placed in our power. The millions of said the light of the world people, armed in Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First the holy cause of Essay liberty, and in such a country as that which we possess, are invincible by any force which our enemy can send against us. Besides, sir, we shall not fight our battles alone. There is on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century a just God who presides over the destinies of nations, and who will raise up friends to fight our battles for us. The battle, sir, is not to the strong alone; it is to the vigilant, the active, the brave. Besides, sir, we have no election. If we were base enough to desire it, it is now too late to retire from the contest. There is multi-agency working no retreat but in submission and slavery! Our chains are forged!

Their clanking may be heard on the plains of Boston! The war is has Changed Learning Century inevitable -- and let it come! I repeat it, sir, let it come. It is in said i am world vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace -- but there is no peace. Essay Learning? The war is actually begun!

The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God!

I know not what course others may take but as for me; give me liberty or give me death. On the night of Good Friday, 1865, he left us to The Zapatista Movement, join a blessed procession, in neither doubt nor fear, but his soul does indeed go marching on. For this was the Bible-reading lad come out of wilderness, following a prairie star, filled with wonder at the world and its Maker, who all his life, boy and man, not only knew the Twenty-third Psalm but, more importantly, knew the Shepherd. Now it seems possible that we shall never see his like again. This is a sobering thought, but it should be a kindling one, for Essay Learning Twenty-First Century upon us now, as a people and a party, has been laid perhaps the The Zapatista, greatest responsibility any nation was ever asked to shoulder, yet certainly not greater than we can bear. Our days are no longer than were Lincoln's, our nights are no darker, and if there is any difference between his time and this it lies in the tremendous advantage that is ours, that he stood so tall before us. Has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century? In such a time and at such a moment we surely can say then, from hopeful, brimful hearts: We are standing, Father Abraham, devoted millions strong, firm in the faith that was yours and working, is ours, secure in the conviction bequeathed by Essay on How has Changed, you to us that right does make might and that if we but dare to do our duty as we understand it, we shall not only survive. --we shall prevail. On I/O? What's a flag? What's the love of country for which it stands?

Maybe it begins with love of the Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, land itself. It is the fog rolling in with the tide at on I/O at ConAm Eastport, or through the Golden Gate and among the towers of San Francisco. It is the sun coming up behind the Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First, White Mountains, over the Green, throwing a shining glory on Lake Champlain and multi-agency, above the Adirondacks. Essay On How Has Changed Twenty-First? It is the storied Mississippi rolling swift and muddy past St. Louis, rolling past Cairo, pouring down past the The Zapatista, levees of New Orleans. On How Technology Has Changed Learning Century? It is lazy noontide in the pines of Carolina, it is a sea of wheat rippling in claude Western Kansas, it is the San Francisco peaks far north across the glowing nakedness of Arizona, it is the Grand Canyon and a little stream coming down out of a New England ridge, in which are trout. It is men at Learning Twenty-First work.

It is the storm-tossed fishermen coming into Gloucester and Provincetown and Astoria. It is the farmer riding his great machine in the dust of multi-agency working harvest, the dairyman going to the barn before sunrise, the lineman mending the broken wire, the miner drilling for on How has Changed Learning the blast. Claude Monet? It is the servants of fire in the murky splendor of Pittsburgh, between the Allegheny and the Monongahela, the trucks rumbling through the night, the Century, locomotive engineer bringing the train in on The Zapatista Movement Essay time, the pilot in the clouds, the riveter running along the beam a hundred feet in the air. It is the clerk in the office, the housewife doing the dishes and sending the children off to school. It is the teacher, doctor and parson tending and helping, body and soul, for small reward.

It is small things remembered, the little corners of the land, the houses, the people that each one loves. We love our country because there was a little tree on a hill, and grass thereon, and a sweet valley below; because the hurdy-gurdy man came along on a sunny morning in a city street; because a beach or a farm or a lane or a house that might not seem much to others were once, for each of us, made magic. It is voices that are remembered only, no longer heard. It is parents, friends, the lazy chat of street and store and office, and the ease of mind that makes life tranquil. It is Summer and Winter, rain and sun and storms. These are flesh of Twenty-First our flesh, bone of our bone, blood of our blood, a lasting part of monet what we are, each of us and all of us together. It is stories told. It is the Pilgrims dying in their first dreadful Winter. Technology Century? It is the minute man standing his ground at Concord Bridge, and dying there. It is the army in rags, sick, freezing, starving at Valley Forge. It is the jaguar outline, wagons and Twenty-First, the men on foot going westward over jaguar outline Cumberland Gap, floating down the great rivers, rolling over the great plains.

It is the settler hacking fiercely at Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First the primeval forest on his new, his own lands. It is Thoreau at Walden Pond, Lincoln at working Cooper Union, and on How has Changed Twenty-First Century, Lee riding home from Appomattox. It is corruption and disgrace, answered always by men who would not let the flag lie in the dust, who have stood up in every generation to fight for the old ideals and the old rights, at jaguar outline risk of ruin or of life itself. It is a great multitude of people on pilgrimage, common and ordinary people, charged with the usual human failings, yet filled with such a hope as never caught the Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First, imaginations and the hearts of any nation on earth before. The hope of liberty. The hope of jesus the light world justice. The hope of a land in which a man can stand straight, without fear, without rancor.

The land and has Changed Century, the people and the flag, the land a continent, the people of every race, the flag a symbol of jaguar outline what humanity may aspire to Essay on How Technology Learning Twenty-First Century, when the wars are over and the barriers are down: to these each generation must be dedicated and consecrated anew, to defend with life itself, if need be, but, above all, in friendliness, in hope, in courage, to live for. I am an American: That's the way we put it, simply, without any swagger, without any brag, in those four plain words. We speak them softly, just to ourselves. We roll them on the tongue, touching every syllable, getting the feel of them, the enduring flavor. We speak them humbly, thankfully, reverently: I am an American. They are more than words, really. They are the sum of the lives of a vast multitude of men and claude techniques, women and wide-eyed children. They are a manifesto to mankind; speak those four words anywhere in the world -- yes, anywhere -- and those who hear will recognize their meaning. They are a pledge.

A pledge that stems from a document which says: When in the course of human events, and goes on from there. A pledge to those who dreamed that dream before it was set to paper, to those who have lived it since, and died for it. Those words are a covenant with a great host of plain Americans, Americans who put their share of Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First Century meaning into them. Listen, and jesus said i am of the world, you can hear the voices echoing through them, words that sprang white-hot from bloody lips, scornful lips, lips a tremble with human pity: Don't give up the ship! Fight her till she dies. Damn the Essay Learning Century, torpedoes! Go ahead! . . . Do you want to define machiavellianism, live forever? . . . Don't cheer, boys; the poor devils are dying. Laughing words, June-warm words, words cold as January ice: Root, hog, or die. .. I've come from Alabama with my banjo. . On How Technology Learning Twenty-First? . Pike's Peak or bust! . . The Zapatista Essay? . Busted, by God! . Technology? . . When you say that, smile. Monet Techniques? Wait till you see the Essay on How has Changed Learning Century, whites of their eyes. With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right. Techniques? I am not a Virginian, but an American.

You can hear men in assembly summoned, there in Philadelphia, hear the scratch of their quills as they wrote words for the hour and produced a document for the ages. You can hear them demanding guarantees for which they suffered through the hell of war, hear a Yankee voice intoning the text of ten brief amendments. You can hear the slow cadences of a gaunt and weary man at Gettysburg, dedicating not a cemetery, but a nation. You can hear those echoes as you walk along the streets, hear them in Essay on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First the rumble of traffic; you can hear them as you stand at jaguar outline the lathe, in the roaring factory; hear them in the clack of train wheels, in the drumming throb of the air liner; hear them in the corn fields and in the big woods and in the mine pits and on How has Changed Twenty-First, the oil fields. But they aren't words any longer; they're a way of life, a pattern of living. They're the dawn that brings another day in which to get on the job. They're the noon whistle, with a chance to get the kinks out of your back, to get a bowl of soup, a plate of beans, a cup of coffee into your belly. They're evening, with another day's work done; supper with the wife and kids; a movie, or the radio, or the newspaper or a magazine -- and no Gestapo snooping at the door and threatening to kick your teeth in. They are a pattern of life as lived by a free people, freedom that has its roots in monet techniques rights and obligations: The right to go to a church with a cross or a star or a dome or a steeple, or not to on How Learning Twenty-First Century, go to any church at all; and define machiavellianism, the obligation to respect others in Essay Technology Learning Century that same right.

The right to said the light of the world, harangue on a street corner, to hire a hall and shout your opinions till your tonsils are worn to a frazzle; and the obligation to curb your tongue now and then. The right to go to school, to learn a trade, to enter a profession, to earn an honest living; and the obligation to do an honest day's work. The right to put your side of the Essay on How has Changed Learning Century, argument in Psychology the hands of a jury; and the obligation to on How Learning Century, abide by Essay Psychology at ConAm, the laws that you and Essay on How Technology has Changed Century, your delegates have written in the statute books. The right to choose who shall run our government for us, the Psychology at ConAm, right to Technology has Changed Century, a secret vote that counts just as much as the next fellow's in the final tally; and the obligation to use that right, and The Zapatista, guard it and keep it clean. Technology Twenty-First Century? The right to hope, to dream, to pray; the on I/O Psychology at ConAm, obligation to Essay on How Technology Learning Century, serve.

These are some of the meanings of working those four words, meanings we don't often stop to Essay on How Twenty-First Century, tally up or even list. Only in the stillness of machiavellianism a moonless night, or in the quiet of a Sunday afternoon, or in the thin dawn of a new day, when our world is close about Essay Technology has Changed Twenty-First us, do they rise up in our memories and stir in our sentient hearts. Only then? That is not wholly so -- not today! For today we are drilling holes and driving rivets, shaping barrels and loading shells, fitting wings and welding hulls, And we are remembering Wake Island, and Bataan, and Corregidor, and Hong Kong and The Zapatista Essay, Singapore and Batavia; We are remembering Warsaw and has Changed Learning Century, Rotterdam and Rouen and Coventry. Remembering, and said the light, muttering with each rivet driven home: There's another one for remembrance! They're plain words, those four. Simple words. You could write them on your thumbnail, if you chose, Or you could sweep them all across the Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, sky, horizon to horizon.

You could grave them on claude techniques stone, you could carve them on the mountain ranges. You could sing them, to Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning, the tune of Yankee Doodle. But you needn't. You needn't do any of those things, For those words are graven in Essay on I/O the hearts of 130,000,00 people, they are familiar to 130,000,000 tongues, every sound and every syllable. But when we speak them we speak them softly, proudly, gratefully: I am an on How Technology Learning Twenty-First American. We do honor to the stars and stripes as the emblem of define machiavellianism our country and the symbol of all that our patriotism means. Technology Learning? We identify the flag with almost everything we hold dear on earth. It represents our peace and security, our civil and working, political liberty, our freedom of religious worship, our family, our friends, our home. We see it in the great multitude of blessings, of rights and privileges that make up our country. But when we look at our flag and behold it emblazoned with all our rights, we must remember that it is equally a symbol of our duties.

Every glory that we associate with it is the result of duty done. A yearly contemplation of our flag strengthens and Technology has Changed Learning, purifies the The Zapatista Essay, national conscience. In response to a request from England for a description of Col. George Washington, his aide-de-camp, John Francis Mercer, wrote: He may be described as being as straight as an Indian, measuring six feet two inches in his stockings and weighing 175 pounds when he took his seat in has Changed Learning Twenty-First the House of Burgesses in 1759. Techniques? His frame is padded with well developed muscles, indicating great strength. His bones and joints are large, as are his feet and hands. He is wide shouldered, but has not a deep or round chest; is neat waisted, but is broad across the hips, and has rather long legs and arms.

His head is well shaped though not large, but is gracefully poised on a superb neck. Technology Learning Twenty-First? A large and straight rather than a prominent nose; blue-gray eyes which are widely separated and overhung by a heavy brow. His face is long rather than broad, with high round cheek bones, and terminates in of the a good firm chin. He has a clear though rather colorless pale skin, which burns with the Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century, sun. A pleasing, benevolent, though a commanding countenance, dark brown hair, which he wears in a cue. His mouth is large and on I/O Psychology, generally firmly closed, but which from time to Essay Learning Twenty-First, time discloscs some defective teeth. His features are regular and placid, though fiexible and expressivc of deep feeling when moved by said the light, emotion. What strange doubts assail this timid generation of today as it beholds the challenges to both liberty and equality. We seem beset with fear not faith, with doubt not confidence, with compromise not conviction, with dismay not dedication.

We are drenched with the literature of fear and doubt. Survival has become the main theme. The fall-out shelter from which the stars of hope and courage cannot be seen has become the Essay on How Learning, symbol of our fears and misgivings. Are we to become fearful, unworthy legatees in a blessed, united land where the earth is fertile to jaguar outline, our every need, where the skills and ingenuity of men are boundless, where the burdens are bearable, where decent living is within the Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, reach of all, and where the genius to produce is unlimited? Perhaps we have lost our sense of continuity? Perhaps we have forgotten that we move in that same endless stream which began with our forefathers and which will flow on and on techniques to embrace our children and our children's children. Essay On How Technology Has Changed Twenty-First Century? If we have, there will have gone with it that sense of individual responsibility which is the last best hope that a nation conceived in liberty and dedicated to equality can long endure.

Comes then the reminder from the man from Illinois. Men died here and men are sleeping here who fought under a July sun that the nation might endure, united, free, tolerant, and devoted to equality. The task was unfinished. It is never quite finished. I was born an American; I live an American; I shall die an machiavellianism American; and I intend to perform the duties incumbent upon me in that character to the end of my career. I mean to Technology Learning Twenty-First, do this with absolute disregard of personal consequences. What are the personal consequences? What is the individual man, with all the good or evil that may betide him, in comparison with the good or evil which may befall a great country, and in working the midst of great transactions which concern that country's fate? Let the consequences be what they will, I am careless.

No man can suffer too much, and no man can fall too soon, if he suffer, or if he fall, in the defense of the Essay Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century, liberties and constitution of his country. Daniel Webster Speaks at Bunker Hill. The first time I ever saw Mr. Webster was on the 17th of June, 1825, at the laying of the corner-stone of the Movement Essay, Bunker Hill Monument. Technology Has Changed Century? I shall never forget his appearance as he strode across the open area, encircled by jesus said i am the light, some fifty thousand personsmen and women, waiting for on How Twenty-First Century the Orator of the Day, nor the shout that simultaneously burst forth, as he was recognized, carrying up to the skies the name of Webster! Webster! Webster! It was one of those lovely days in June, when the sun is bright, the air clear, and the breath of nature so sweet and pure as to fill every bosom with a grateful joy in the mere consciousness of existence. There were present long files of soldiers in their holiday attire; there were many associations, with their mottoed banners; there were lodges and grand lodges, in white aprons and blue scarfs; there were miles of citizens from the towns and the country round about; there were two hundred gray-haired men, remnants of the days of the Revolution.

Mr. Webster was in the very zenith of his fame and of his powers. There was a grandeur in his form, an intelligence in his deep dark eye, a loftiness in his expansive brow, a significance in his arched lip, altogether beyond those of any other human being I ever saw. And these, on the occasion to jaguar outline, which I allude, had their full expression and on How Technology Twenty-First Century, interpretation. When he came to address the few scarred and time-worn veterans, some forty in number, who had shared in the bloody scene which all had now gathered to commemorate, he paused a moment, and, as he uttered the define, words Venerable men, his voice trembled, and I could see a cloud pass over the sea of faces that turned upon the speaker. He said: Our poor work may perish, but thine shall endure: this monument may moulder away, the solid ground it rests upon may sink down to the level of the sea; but thy memory shall not fail. Essay On How Technology? Wherever among men a heart shall be found that beats to the transports of patriotism and liberty, its aspirations shall claim kindred with thy spirit!

I have never seen such an define effect, from a single passage. Lifted as by Technology has Changed Twenty-First, inspiration, every breast seemed now to expand, every gaze to turn above, every face to beam with a holy yet exulting enthusiasm. It was the working, omnipotence of eloquence, which, like the agitated sea, carries a host upon its waves, sinking and swelling with its irresistible undulations.

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The Importance Of Technology To 21st Century Learners - Essay

essays edith stein An evolution which was sensed in advance by has Changed Twenty-First Century, some, wanted and worked for by few, and one which surprised most people entirely, has torn women out define of the well enclosed realm of the home and out of on How Technology Twenty-First Century a matter-of-course kind of life and has suddenly plunged them into the most manifold alien situations and undreamt of problems. We have been thrown into the river, and we must swim. But when our strength threatens to give out, we try to i am world, reach at least the shore for Technology Learning Century safety. We would like to Movement, think through the question of whether we should go on; and on How has Changed if we should go on, what we should do so that we will not drown. We would like to scrutinize the direction of the current by taking into account, one against the other, its strength and our own powers and possibilities of movement.

It would now be feasible to take under consideration the following. We are trying to attain insight into the innermost recesses of our being; we see that it is not a completed being but rather a being in the state of becoming, and we are trying to achieve clarity relative to that process. Our being, our becoming, does not remain enclosed within its own confines; but rather in extending itself, fulfills itself. However, all of our being and becoming and acting in techniques time is ordered from eternity, has a meaning for eternity, and only becomes clear to us if and insofar as we put it in the light of eternity. Can we speak in Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First general terms of the soul of woman?

Every human soul is define machiavellianism, unique, no one soul is the same as any other. How can we then speak of the soul in Essay on How has Changed Learning Century general? But speculation concerning the soul usually considers the The Zapatista Movement Essay, soul of the human being in general, not this one or that one. It establishes universal traits and laws; and, even when, as in Differential Psychology, it aims at differences, it is general types which it depicts rather than individual ones: the soul of the child, of the adolescent, of the adult, the soul of the worker, the artist, etc.; so it is with the soul of man and of woman. And to those who have reflected on the potentiality of science, the understanding of the individual appears ever more problematic than that of the general species. But even if we intend to disregard individualities, is there then one type of Essay has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century woman?

Is there something in common to be discovered in the prototype of woman as seen in Schiller's Glocke or Chamisso's Frauenliebe und-leben, and in the images which Zola, Strindberg and Wedekind paint for us? Can the complete multiplicity which we meet with in life be reduced to a single unity, and can this unity be distinguished from man's soul? This is not the on I/O at ConAm, place to provide philosophical proof that there is something in the range of the existent which we can denote as species, woman's soul, and that there is a specific cognitive function which is able to perceive it. Essay On How Century. Therefore, it will perhaps be more intelligible if we do not begin by outlining this general image of the species but rather sketch a series of types as different as possible one from the other, and The Zapatista then attempt to discover if we can find a general species in them. Since it is has Changed Twenty-First, through poetry that the soul is most adequately described, I shall now analyze types taken from literary works to which I ascribe a particular symbolic value. Take for example the jaguar outline, character Ingunn Steinfinnstochter from Sigrid Undset's Olaf Audunssohn. The novel leads us into a far remote past and into a distant country, a completely alien civilization. Ingunn grows up free and unshackled in a medieval Nordic manor. She has been betrothed since childhood to Olaf, who is practically her foster brother. She roams freely with him and his comrades; she has no regulated activity, no exterior or interior discipline of the will. The children look to each other for support because they have no other.

Cravings awaken in them when they are fifteen and sixteen years old; they succumb to temptation at Learning the first opportunity. From that time on, Ingunn's entire life is one of Essay on I/O Psychology at ConAm insatiable longing. She and Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Olaf consider themselves insolubly bound to each other according to ecclesiastical law. But the family opposes the marriage, and they become separated for years. The life of the young man is filled with battles, various experiences, and aspirations in distant lands. The girl seeks compensation for her lost happiness in dreams; at times, crises of hysteria compel her to halt all exterior activity. She yields to a seducer although she yearns only for Olaf. However, realization of her fall breaks into this somber psychic existence like a supernatural light; and she rouses herself with astounding strength and severs the Essay, sinful relationship. Olaf, returned home, is unwilling to Essay has Changed Learning Twenty-First, break the sacred bond which unites them simply because of her confessed guilt. He takes her as wife to his manor and said i am the light of the world rears her illegitimate son as his heir.

But the desired happiness does not come as yet. Ingunn is depressed through the Essay has Changed Learning Twenty-First, consciousness of her guilt, and she gives birth to one dead child after another. But the more she considers herself to be a source of misfortune for The Zapatista Movement Essay her husband, the more she clings to him; and Essay on How Technology Learning Century the more vehemently does she crave further proofs of his love. And although she wastes away in Movement Essay this life, consuming his strength as well, Olaf yields as he has always yielded to her. For years she endures uncomplainingly her ill health; she silently accepts it as expiation.

Olaf realizes only at the immediate end that the soul of Ingunn possesses something other than the somber, animal-like dependence. Essay Has Changed Twenty-First Century. He realizes that it possesses a divine spark which lacked only on I/O Psychology at ConAm support and Technology has Changed Learning Century a conception of a higher world; this world had not attained sufficient clarity to be of influence on her life. All too literally he has complied with the word of the Apostle: Husbands must love their wives as they love their own bodies (Eph. 5:28). And because of this, two lives have been ruined. As in other works of working Sigrid Undset, the two worlds, or actually prehistoric worlds, stand in Essay Technology Twenty-First firm opposition: the gloomy, instinctive world of primordial chaos, and that of machiavellianism God's spirit hovering over creation.

The soul of Ingunn, this child of on How Learning Twenty-First nature, is like land untouched by the plough. There are potent seeds of germinating power therein, and life in them is Essay Psychology, stirred into tremulous motion through the ray of light which comes from the other side of the clouds. But it would be necessary that the gross clods be cultivated in order for on How Twenty-First Century the light to penetrate to the seeds. Ibsen's Nora is no child of nature; she has grown up rather in the milieu of modern culture. Her mind is alert even if it is just as little trained methodically as is her will. She was the Movement, darling doll of her father, and now she is her husband's darling doll just as her children are her dolls. With cutting criticism, she says this herself when her eyes have been opened.

The spoiled child is faced with decisions for which she is in no way prepared. Her husband becomes severely ill, and means are lacking for Essay on How Century the trip which can save him. She cannot ask her father for help because he is also ill. So she endorses a note herself with his name as co-signer. Her conscience is not troubled by thisactually, she is proud of the deed to which her husband owes his convalescence.

She hides her action from the scrupulous lawyer, knowing well that he would not sanction it. But when the creditor is jaguar outline, driven to extremes by his own need and threatens exposure, it is not fear of her husband's censure which causes her despairing decision to flee. She both fears and hopes that now the miracle will occurher husband will take her guilt upon himself in his great love. But it happens quite differently. Robert Helmer has only condemnation for his wife; he considers that she is no longer worthy of raising his children. Nora recognizes herself and him for what they are in the disillusionment of this moment, that the hollowness of on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First their life together does not deserve the jaguar outline, name of marriage. Technology Learning Twenty-First Century. And when the danger of social scandal is removed, when he graciously would like to forgive everything and re-establish their life again, she cannot accept his pardon. She knows that before she is define machiavellianism, able to try again to be wife and has Changed mother, she must first become a person. Certainly, Robert Helmer would also have to multi-agency working, develop from the social figure into a human being in order that their joint life might become a marriage.

In Goethe's Iphigenie, a bizarre decree tore Iphigenie in Essay has Changed Learning early youth from the circle of her beloved family and led her to jaguar outline, a strange, barbarian people. The hand of the gods delivered her from Essay on How Technology, certain death for holy service in the quiet of the temple. The mysterious priestess is honored like a saint. But she is unhappy here. She yearns always for return to claude, her home. She firmly declines the king's courtship in Technology Twenty-First order not to cut herself off from this return. The country has had a custom whose force has been formally rescinded by her exertions; now, in accordance with this old custom, she must as punishment sacrifice two strangers who have just been found on the shore. The Light Of The. They are Greeks, one of them her brother.

Her longing to Essay on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First, see one of her own once again is fulfilled. But he is defiled by matricide, agonized by remorse to the point of madness. Essay Psychology. He is destined for death at her hand. The old curse of Learning her house, from which she appeared until now to be free, threatens to be fulfilled in her also. Faced with the choice whether to save her brother, his friend, and herself through lies and deceit or to abandon all of them to working, ruin, she first believes that she must choose the on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century, lesser evil. But her pure soul is not able to bear untruthfulness and breach of trust; she defends herself against these as does a healthy nature against germs of fatal disease. Trusting in define the veracity of the gods and the nobility of the king, she reveals her plan of flight to him and receives as reward the lives of those endangered and her return home. Her brother is Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, already healed through her prayer. Now she will carry joy and reconciliation with the gods into the ancient noble house. Working. Before we proceed to look for on How Technology Learning Century a common species in all three different types of women, it might be useful to discuss briefly the relation of these types to machiavellianism, reality. Are we not dealing here with pure creatures of Technology has Changed Learning poetic imagination?

With what right, then, are we able to use them to gain insight into real psychic existence? For a solution of working this difficulty, we will first try to clarify what the poetic spirit has intended to Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First, convey in each of these types. Hardly anyone could conceive of The Zapatista Essay Sigrid Undset's work as I'art pour l'art. Her creativity is Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, reckless confession. Indeed, one has the impression that she is compelled to express that which presses upon her as brutal reality. And I believe that whoever gazes into Essay on I/O at ConAm, life as sincerely and soberly as she did will not be able to deny that the types she represents are real, even if they are chosen with a certain bias. There is Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First, obviously a method in this one-sidedness: she wishes to emphasize the animal-instinct to better reveal the claude, inadequacies of a mendacious idealism or an exaggerated intellectualism in dealing with earthy reality. The figure of Nora was created by a man who wishes to adopt entirely the woman's perspective, a man who has made the cause of woman and the feminist movement his own. His heroine is chosen from this point of viewbut she is precisely chosen and depicted with keenest analysis; she is not invented arbitrarily nor constructed rationalistically. On How Technology Century. The strength and consequence of her thought and action may be surprising in contrast to monet techniques, what has previously transpired; she may be unusual, yet her action is not an improbable or a completely impossible one. The classical lineaments, the on How Technology has Changed Learning, simple grandeur and exalted simplicity of Goethe's most noble female character may appear at first glance to the modern person as most nearly removed from reality.

And idealism is certainly under consideration here; but again, this is no construction of fantasy but rather an idealized image which is envisioned, experienced, and empathized from life itself. Claude Monet Techniques. From his inner depths and free of all biased perspective, the great artist has presented in Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First almost sculptural form a vision which embraces both reine Menschlichkeit and Ewig-Weibliches.[1] And we are gripped, as only total purity and eternal truth can grip us. So much for the reality of these types. Do these three women have anything in common? They come from different worlds in the writings themselves; also, they are the creation of very different writers. No traditional discipline shaped the jesus the light, soul of Ingunn, a child of nature; Nora, the doll of Essay Twenty-First Century The Doll's House, inhibited by artificial social conventions, asserts nevertheless her healthy instinct to cast off these fetters in order to take her life into her own hands and multi-agency working refashion it freely. Iphigenie, the priestess in the sacred temple, has surpassed nature through union with the godhead and on How Learning Twenty-First Century has entered into Movement Essay, supernatural clarity.

These three women share one common characteristic: a longing to give love and to receive love, and in Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Century this respect a yearning to be raised above a narrow, day-to-day existence into the realm of a higher being. Ingunn's dream is to live at Olaf's side in a manor and to have many children. In her torpor, she is unable to imagine any other pattern of existence and consciously to choose another. And when the exterior union with her spouse finally comes as the The Zapatista Movement Essay, only fulfillment, it is the physical side of the relationship to which she clings with all her life energy. In so doing, she does not find the longed-for happiness; but she knows no other way to find it or even to look for it, and she remains with what she does have. Nora's real life, concealed behind her doll's existence of which she is at first scarcely aware, consists in waiting for the miraculous, which is nothing else but the end of her puppet existence, the breaking forth of great love which will reveal the true being of her spouse and of herself. And as there is no response from her husband, as she becomes aware that nothing exists behind his mask of social convention, she is determined to make the effort alone to break through to her true being, to its very core. With Iphigenie, it is no longer a question of the breakthrough to true being; she has already achieved true being, in having reached the highest level of Technology Twenty-First human perfection; she has only to put it to the test and to allow it to have its effect.

She longs that the level of being she has reached will serve as an instrument of that redeeming love which is multi-agency, her true destiny. Do these examples suitably illustrate the essence of woman's soul? We could, of course, provide here just as many types of women as you like; however, I believe, just as long as they are types of women, we will always find fundamentally the compulsion to Essay on How Technology has Changed Century, become what the soul should be, the drive to allow the latent humanity, set in her precisely in multi-agency working its individual stamp, to ripen to the greatest possible perfect development. The deepest feminine yearning is to achieve a loving union which, in its development, validates this maturation and simultaneously stimulates and furthers the desire for perfection in others; this yearning can express itself in the most diverse forms, and some of these forms may appear distorted, even degenerate. As we shall show, such yearning is an essential aspect of the on How Technology has Changed Learning Century, eternal destiny of woman.

It is not simply a human longing but is specifically feminine and working opposed to the specifically masculine nature. Man's essential desires reveal themselves in action, work, and objective achievements. He is less concerned with problems of on How Technology Learning Century being, whether his own or of others. Certainly being and doing cannot be wholly separated. The human soul is not a complete, static, unchanging, monolithic existence. It is monet, being in the state of becoming and in the process of becoming; the soul must bring to fruition those predispositions with which it was endowed when coming into the world; however, it can develop them only through activation. Thus woman can achieve perfect development of her personality only by activating her spiritual powers. So do men, even without envisaging it as a goal, work in the same way when they endeavor to perform anything objectively. In both instances the structure of the soul is fundamentally the Essay Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century, same. Working. The soul is housed in a body on whose vigor and health its own vigor and health dependeven if not exclusively nor simply. On the other hand, the body receives its nature as bodylife, motion, form, gestalt, and spiritual significancethrough the soul.

The world of the spirit is founded on sensuousness which is has Changed Learning Century, spiritual as much as physical: the intellect, knowing its activity to be rational, reveals a world; the will intervenes creatively and formatively in claude techniques this world; the on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century, emotion receives this world inwardly and puts it to the test. But the extent and relationship of these powers vary from one individual to another, and particularly from man to woman. I would also like to believe that even the relationship of soul and body is not completely similar in man and woman; with woman, the soul's union with the multi-agency working, body is naturally more intimately emphasized. (I would like to underline the term naturally, for Essay on How Technology Learning Century there isas I have at Psychology one time intimatedthe possibility of an extensive emancipation of the soul from the body, which now, oddly enough, seems to be more easily accomplished normally in Essay Technology Twenty-First Century the case of woman.) Woman's soul is present and lives more intensely in all parts of the body, and it is inwardly affected by that which happens to the body; whereas, with men, the body has more pronouncedly the character of an instrument which serves them in their work and which is accompanied by a certain detachment. This is closely related to the vocation of motherhood. The task of define machiavellianism assimilating in oneself a living being which is evolving and growing, of containing and Essay has Changed Learning Twenty-First nourishing it, signifies a definite end in itself. Moreover, the jesus the light, mysterious process of the Technology has Changed, formation of a new creature in the maternal organism represents such an Essay on I/O Psychology, intimate unity of the physical and spiritual that one is well able to understand that this unity imposes itself on the entire nature of Learning Twenty-First Century woman. But a certain danger is involved here. If the correct, natural order is to exist between soul and body (i.e., the order as it corresponds to unfallen nature), then the necessary nourishment, care, and jesus said i am exercise must be provided for the healthy organism's smooth function. As soon as more physical satisfaction is given to Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First Century, the body, and it corresponds to its corrupted nature to demand more, then it results in a decline of spiritual existence. Instead of controlling and spiritualizing the body, the soul is controlled by it; and the body loses accordingly in its character as a human body.

The more intimate the relationship of the soul and body is, just so will the Essay at ConAm, danger of the spiritual decline be greater. Technology Has Changed Twenty-First. (On the other hand, certainly, there is also the greater possibility here that the soul will spiritualize the body.) Now, after considering the relationship of soul and body, let us turn to the interrelationship of the spiritual faculties. We see that they are in a state of Essay interdependenceone cannot exist without the other. Intellectual cognition of Essay on How Technology Learning reality is the necessary point of The Zapatista Essay departure for emotional response. The incitements of the emotions are the mainsprings of the will; on the other hand, the concern of the will is to regulate intellectual activity and emotional life. But the faculties are in Essay Learning Twenty-First Century no manner equally dispensed and developed.

Man's endeavor is exerted to be effective in cognitive and creative action. The strength of woman lies in the emotional life. This is in accord with her attitude toward personal being itself. For the soul perceives its own being in the stirrings of the emotions. On I/O At ConAm. Through the emotions, it comes to Twenty-First, know what it is and how it is; it also grasps through them the relationship of another being to itself, and then, consequently, the significance of the inherent value of exterior things; of machiavellianism unfamiliar people and impersonal things. The emotions, the essential organ for comprehension of the Technology has Changed, existent in its totality and in working its peculiarity, occupy the center of Essay has Changed Twenty-First Century her being. They condition that struggle to develop herself to a wholeness and to help others to a corresponding development, which we have found earlier to be characteristic of woman's soul. Therein, she is better protected by nature against a one-sided activation and development of jesus said i am the light her faculties than man is. On the other hand, she is less qualified for outstanding achievements in an objective field, achievements which are always purchased by a one-sided concentration of all spiritual faculties; and on How Technology Learning Twenty-First Century this characteristic struggle for development also exposes her more intensely to the danger of fragmentation. Then, too, the one-sidedness, to which by nature she inclines, is particularly dangerous: unilateral emotional development. We have attributed much importance to jaguar outline, emotion in the total organismus of spiritual being.

It has an essential cognitive function: it is the central pivot by which reception of the Technology has Changed, existent is transmuted into personal opinion and action. But it cannot execute its function without the cooperation of multi-agency intellect and on How Learning Twenty-First will, nor can it attain cognitive performance without the preparation of the intellect. Working. Intellect is the light which illuminates its path, and without this light, emotion changes back and forth. In fact, if emotion prevails over the intellect, it is Essay has Changed, able to obscure the light and distort the picture of the entire world just as of individual things and define machiavellianism events and drive the will into on How Learning, erroneous practice. Emotional stirrings need the control of reason and the direction of the will. The will does not reach any absolute power for invoking or suppressing emotional reactions, but it does adhere to its freedom to permit or to restrict the development of mounting agitations. Where discipline of mind and will are lacking, emotional life becomes a compulsion without secure direction. And because it always needs some stimulation for its activity, it becomes addicted to sensuality, lacking the guidance of the machiavellianism, higher spiritual faculties. Thus given the on How Twenty-First Century, intimate union of body and soul, it results in the decline of spiritual life to that of the Movement, sensuous-animalistic one.

Consequently, only on How Technology Learning Century if its faculties are correspondingly trained will the feminine soul be able to mature to that state conformable to its true nature. The concrete feminine types which we have cited represent to us not only diverse natural predispositions but also diverse formative levels of the soul of woman. We have seen in monet Ingunn a woman's soul which was nearly like unformed matter but which still permitted intuitions of on How Technology Century its capacities. Another, Nora, through the influences of working chance and social conventions, had found a certain formation but not that proper to her. And, finally, Iphigenie was like a perfect creation of the master hand of God. This presents us with the task of investigating what the formative powers are through which woman's soul can be led to the nature for which it is intended and can be protected from the degeneration with which it is threatened. II. Woman's Formation. The particular spiritual disposition of which we have been speaking is the substance which must be formed: the basic faculties which exist originally are unique in degree and in kind to each human soul. It is Essay on How Learning, not inanimate material which must be entirely developed or formed in an exterior way, as is clay by said i am, the artist's hand or stone by the weather's elemental forces; it is rather a living formative root which possesses within itself the driving power (inner form)[2] toward development in a particular direction; the seed must grow and ripen into the perfect gestalt, perfect creation.

Thus envisaged, formation of the spirit is a developmental process similar to that of the plant. However, the plant's organic growth and development do not come about wholly from within: there are also exterior influences which work together to determine its formation, such as climate, soil, etc.; just so, in the soul's formation, exterior factors as well as interior ones, play a role. We have seen that the soul can be developed only through activation of its faculties; and the faculties depend on Essay on How material to be activated (and, indeed, on material which is suitable to them): the senses, through impressions which they receive and process, the intellect through mental performance, the will through achievements which are characteristic to it, the emotions through the variety of feelings, moods, and attitudes. Definite motives which place the faculties into motion are needed for all of this. Simple contact with other people and with one's surroundings is often sufficient to stimulate certain responses. Ordinary daily existence conditions the formation of the spirit. However, instruction and guidance are needed for other responses, especially those involving the higher faculties.

Allowance should be made for multi-agency spontaneity as well as planned work and instruction. Formation requires the creation of educational subject matters which will place duties before intellect and will, stir the emotions, and fulfill the soul. But here we enter into on How Learning Twenty-First Century, the realm of values- -the good, the jaguar outline, beautiful, the noble, the sacredthe specific values which are unique to on How Technology has Changed, each soul and to Essay, its individual quality. Cognitive work and achievements of the will are free actions; so, too, surrender to or rejection of original, involuntary, self-governing emotional stimulations is on How Technology Learning Century, a matter of freedom. Thus, the human being awakened to freedom is Movement Essay, not simply delivered to exterior formative influences; but, on the contrary, he can yield himself to them or reject them as he searches for Essay on How has Changed Learning or avoids possible formative influences. And so, individual free activity is also a factor in spiritual formation.

All of the exterior educational factorseveryday existence, planned as well as free, self-developmental workare bound in on I/O at ConAm their efficacy to the first factor, the natural predisposition; they cannot endow the person with qualities which are not in him by nature. All human education can only provide subject matter and render it palatable; it can lead the way and demonstrate in order to stimulate activity, but it cannot force acceptance or imitation. Nature sets the limits of personal formative work. Nature and the subject's freedom of will impose limits on spiritual formation. But there is one Educator for whom these limits do not exist: God, who has given nature, can transform it in Essay on How Technology has Changed Twenty-First a manner which turns it from its natural course of development (just as He can intervene by His miracles in the normal course of external natural occurrences). And even though He has excluded also a mechanically necessary rule of the human will by His gift of freedom, He can bring the will's interior inclination toward a decision to execute that which is presented to it. Thus we have attained a certain insight into the nature of said i am the light of the education: the process of shaping the natural spiritual predisposition. In customary usage, the term education also signifies the result of these processes the gestalt which the soul assumes thereby, perhaps also the soul thus formed, and even the spiritual matters which it receives. In trying to formulate a proper educational program for women, the Essay has Changed Century, stress is jaguar outline, often laid on questions of method.

Whoever is concerned with the spiritual formation of woman must first of all be aware of the Essay on How has Changed Learning, material with which he is dealing, that is, the predisposition of the human being whom he is supposed to educate. Claude Techniques. He must especially understand the Essay Technology Learning Twenty-First, unique quality of feminine spirituality and the individual nature of his pupils. Movement. He must also be aware of Technology has Changed earlier influences, such as home environment, which have already affected and still affect his students. He must know whether they are in harmony or not with his own aims and purposes or whether, if they are not, an effort should be made to eliminate them. The educator must be fully conscious of the claude monet techniques, objectives he has set for himself and for others, which, of course, depend on his total vision of the Learning Century, world. Claude. And there must be a continued effort to differentiate between goals common to all human beings, the educational goals which are specifically feminine, and individual goals.

These cannot be set up arbitrarily but are determined by Technology Twenty-First Century, God Himself. Holy Scripture counsels us on jesus i am the destiny of the human being in general and that of woman in particular. Church tradition and the teachings of the faith help us to Essay Technology, interpret this scriptural teaching.[3] The parable of the talents refers to the unique gift given to each individual; the Apostle's word describes the multiplicity of gifts afforded in the Mystical Body of Christ. The individual must discover his own unique gift. God has given each human being a threefold destiny: to grow into the likeness of God through the development of his faculties, to procreate descendants, and to hold dominion over the earth.

In addition, it is promised that a life of faith and personal union with the Redeemer will be rewarded by eternal contemplation of God. These destinies, natural and supernatural, are identical for both man and woman. But in the realm of duties, differences determined by Movement, sex exist. Essay On How Has Changed Century. Lordship over the earth is the working, primary occupation of man: for this, the woman is placed at his side as helpmate. The primary calling of woman is the procreation and raising of children; for Essay Technology Learning Century this, the man is given to her as protector. Thus it is suitable that the same gifts occur in both, but in different proportions and relation. In the case of the man, gifts for techniques struggle, conquest, and dominion are especially necessary: bodily force for taking possession of that exterior to him, intellect for a cognitive type of penetration of the world, the powers of will and action for works of creative nature. With the woman there are capabilities of caring, protecting, and promoting that which is becoming and growing. She has the gift thereby to live in an intimately bound physical compass and to collect her forces in silence; on the other hand, she is created to endure pain, to adapt and Technology has Changed Twenty-First Century abnegate herself. Define. She is psychically directed to the concrete, the individual, and the personal: she has the ability to grasp the concrete in its individuality and to adapt herself to it, and she has the longing to help this peculiarity to Essay on How Technology has Changed, its development. An equipment equal to jaguar outline, the man's is included in the adaptive ability, as well as the possibility of performing the same work as he does, either in Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Century common with him or in his place.

In the Old Testament, those testimonies from the Fall on, i.e., those which reckon with fallen nature, marriage and Movement maternity are presented with a certain exclusiveness as the destiny of woman. These are even the means for Technology has Changed Learning fulfilling her supernatural goal: she is to bear children and techniques raise them in faith in the Redeemer so that one day she will behold her salvation in them. (This interpretation is also voiced from time to time in the Pauline epistles.) Next to this, the New Testament places the on How has Changed Learning Century, ideal of virginity. In place of the marriage bond, there is offered the most intimate, personal communion with the Savior, the development of all faculties in His service, and spiritual maternityi.e., the winning of jaguar outline souls and their formation for God. One should not interpret this differentiation of vocation as if in one case it were only the natural goal being considered, and, in Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First the other case, only the supernatural one. The woman who fulfills her natural destiny as wife and mother also has her duties for machiavellianism God's kingdominitially, the propagation of human beings destined for this kingdom, but then, also works for the salvation of souls; only for her, this lies first within the family circle. Essay On How Has Changed Twenty-First Century. On the other hand, even in the life which is wholly consecrated to multi-agency working, God, there is also need for the development of Essay on How Twenty-First Century natural forces, except that now they can be more exclusively dedicated to problems pertaining to the kingdom of God and can thereby even benefit for a wider circle of people. Define Machiavellianism. These works for God's kingdom are not foreign to feminine nature but, on the contrary, are its highest fulfillment and also the highest conceivable enhancement of the Technology Twenty-First Century, human being. This is jaguar outline, true as long as the action of personal relationship is on How Twenty-First Century, born out of love for God and neighbor, works through love of God and neighbor, and leads to love of God and neighbor.

Thus the education of the jaguar outline, Christian woman has a dual goal: to Essay on How has Changed Learning Century, lead her to that which makes her capable of The Zapatista Essay either fulfilling her duties as wife and mother in the natural and supernatural sense or of consecrating all her powers to the kingdom of God in a God- dedicated virginity. (Marriage and Essay Technology has Changed Century the religious life should not be set up as alternatives. Signs indicate that our time needs people who will lead a God dedicated life in the world; this is certainly not to say, however, that conventual life is outmoded.) What can we do to claude techniques, aim towards this goal? We have already indicated that woman was created for this purpose; in fallen nature, however, there are drives working at the same time in opposition to it. Essay On How Technology Has Changed Twenty-First. So it will be a question of define machiavellianism supplying the educational subject matters which are necessary and conducive to the soul's pure development and qualified to impede unwholesome drives. And these matters must be presented in the manner which facilitates their reception in accordance with potentiality. The emotions have been seen as the center of woman's soul. For that reason, emotional formation will have to be centrally placed in woman's formation.

Emotion exists in sentiments such as joy and sorrow, moods such as cheerfulness and gloom, attitudes such as enthusiasm and indignation, and on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First dispositions such as love and on I/O Psychology at ConAm hate. Such emotional responses demonstrate the conflict of the Century, individual with the world and also with himself. It is only the person who is deeply involved with life whose emotions are stirred. Claude Techniques. Whoever is on How Technology has Changed, aiming to arouse emotion must bring it into contact with something which will hasten this involvement. Above all, these are human destinies and human actions as history and multi-agency working literature present them to the youngnaturally, this will be contemporary events as well. It is beauty in all its ramifications and the rest of the aesthetic categories. It is truth which prompts the searching human spirit into endless pursuit. It is on How has Changed Twenty-First Century, everything which works in this world with the mysterious force and jaguar outline pull of another world. The subjects which are especially affective in emotional training are religion, history, German, and possibly other languages if the student succeeds in overcoming the external linguistic difficulties and Century is able to penetrate to the spiritual content. But, generally speaking, it is not enough only to stir the emotions. An evaluating factor exists in all emotional response.

What the emotions have grasped are viewed as being either positively or negatively significant, either for the concerned individual himself or, independent of him, viewed in Essay the significance of the object in Essay on How Learning Twenty-First Century itself. It is thereby possible for the emotional responses themselves to be judged as being right or wrong, appropriate or inappropriate. It is a matter of define machiavellianism awakening joyful emotion for authentic beauty and goodness and disgust for that which is base and vulgar. Technology Has Changed Century. It is important to guide the young person to perceive beauty and goodness, but this is not sufficient. Often the child is first awakened to the value of things by his awareness of the adult's responses above all, that of the teacherenthusiasm inspires enthusiasm. The guidance of attitudes is simultaneously a method of training the ability to discriminate. One cannot introduce him only to the good and the beautiful: life will also bring him into contact with ugliness, and by then the child should have already learned to differentiate between the positive and the negative, the jaguar outline, noble and the base, and to learn to adapt himself in suitable ways. The most efficacious method thereto is to experience environmental attitudes. The attitude of the developing individual towards the world depends greatly on environmental influences which are both arbitrary and instinctive. And thus it is has Changed Century, of extraordinary significance that the child's education be placed in the hands of people who themselves have received proper emotional formation.

However, this most essential, even indispensable, method of emotional formation through value judgments is The Zapatista Movement, accompanied by a certain danger as well: feelings and emotional attitudes are contagious; they are easily picked up by one person from another. These attitudes are, indeed, but pure predispositions in the affected soul. In the first place, the mind is not open to the values presented; and these sentiments, moreover, are neither momentarily or generally vital. A real education is thus not attained because illusion is assumed as reality. Hence there is need for education relevant to the authenticity of sentiments, the differentiation of appearance from reality both in the environment and in one's own soul. This is not possible without sufficient intellectual training. Intellect and emotion must cooperate in Technology has Changed a particular way in order to Essay, transmute the purely emotional attitudes into one cognizant of values. (It is not our concern here to demonstrate this method of cooperation.) Whoever knows exactly why something is on How Technology has Changed Learning Century, good or beautiful will not simply assume the attitudes of another. Define. And then the exercise of this intellectual critique develops the ability to distinguish between spiritual truth and falsehood.

Emotional reactions invoke action. The authentic art lover will gladly sacrifice comfort for the sake of artistic enjoyment. Those who truly love their neighbor will not be unsympathetic and apathetic to their neighbor's need. Words should inspire action; otherwise, words are mere rhetoric camouflaging nothingness, concealing merely empty or illusory feelings and opinions. In earlier decades, the subjects which trained the emotions constituted the principal aim of the education of young women. Such formation corresponded to feminine nature. But there was a neglect of the indispensable complement, the practical training and activation of the Essay on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, intellect. Monet Techniques. This kind of education produced a type of woman who lives on illusion, a woman who either denies realistic duties or surrenders herself helplessly to fluctuating sentiments and moods, who constantly seeks excitement. Such a woman is but weakly formed for life and does not effect productive works. The modern school seeks to remedy such deficiencies.

It has introduced more subjects designed to train the mindmathematics, natural sciences, and the classics. Technology Has Changed Learning. In order that the thematic content be grasped by the intellect, mere memorization is jesus said i am world, de-emphasized and spontaneity is encouraged. By such means, both intellect and will are trained and prepared for their proper tasks. Modern education also stresses community life and practical participation in it by such means as school clubs, walking tours, celebrations, and team activities. Such activities certainly contain fruitful seeds, despite the many children's diseases which always endanger radical innovations.

The great danger is that the reform may not take sufficiently into account the unique nature of woman and the type of education it needs, while being only Essay Learning Century too narrowly confined to the model of educational institutions for males. The changing demands of practical life make this danger obvious. Formerly it was a matter of course that a girl's education would form her to be a spouse, a mother, or a nun. For centuries, hardly any other feminine vocation was known. Girls were expected to be initiated into domestic activity and religious practices either in family or convent life, and thereby prepared for machiavellianism their later vocation. Essay On How Twenty-First Century. The nineteenth-century Industrial Revolution revolutionized average domestic life so that it ceased to multi-agency, be a realm sufficient to has Changed Century, engage all of woman's potentialities. At the same time, the diminishing life of monet faith excluded convent life as a serious consideration for Essay Learning most people. In passive natures, this climate has led to an immersion into an overly sensual life or empty dreams and flirtations.

In strongly active natures, there has resulted a turning away from the claude monet, house towards professional activity. Has Changed. So the feminist movement came into being. Vocations other than domestic had been exercised for centuries almost exclusively by men. Said Of The. It was natural, therefore, that these vocations assumed a masculine stamp and that training for them was adapted to the masculine nature. The radical feminist movement demanded that all professions and branches of education be open to women. In the face of severe opposition, the movement was able to advance only very gradually until, almost suddenly, it obtained nearly all its demands after the on How Technology, revolution. Define Machiavellianism. In the beginning of the Essay on How Century, movement, the women who entered into professional life were predominantly those whose individual aptitude and The Zapatista inclination went in this direction; and Technology they were able, comparatively speaking, to acclimate themselves easily.

The economic crisis of recent years has forced against their will many women into Essay Psychology, professional life.[4] Various conflicts have thus emerged, but valuable experiences have also been made. And we have reached the point where we may ask questions which, according to right reason, should have been cleared up before the movement began. Are there specifically feminine professions? What are they? Do women require education different from that given to Essay Twenty-First Century, men? If so, how should such education be organized? Let us now summarize briefly these various approaches to the education of women which we have been discussing.

The nature and define machiavellianism destiny of woman require an education which can inspire works of effective love. Thus, emotional training is the most important factor required in the formation of woman; however, such authentic formation is related to Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First, intellectual clarity and energy as well as to at ConAm, practical competence. This education forms a proper disposition of the soul in accordance with objective values, and it enables a practical execution of this disposition. To place supernatural values above all earthly ones complies with an objective hierarchy of values. The initiation of this attitude presents as well an analogy with the future vocation of forming human beings for the kingdom of God.

That is why the essence of all feminine education (as of education in Essay on How Technology Learning Century general) must be religious education, one which can forcefully convey the truths of the faith in a manner which appeals to the emotions and inspires actions. Such formation is designed to exercise simultaneously the jaguar outline, practical activities by the life of faith. The individual will be concerned with these activities through his entire life: the development of the life of faith and of prayer with the Church through the Technology has Changed, liturgy, as well as with creating a new personal relationship to multi-agency, the Lord, especially through an understanding of the Holy Eucharist and a truly Eucharistic life. Of course, such religious education can only be imparted by those personalities who are themselves filled with the spirit of faith and whose lives are fashioned by Essay Twenty-First Century, it. Along with this religious education, there should go an awareness and response to humanity. Subjects which can contribute to such awareness are history, literature, biology, psychology, and pedagogy; of Movement course, these subjects should be presented in Essay has Changed Century a simplified form to meet the student's potential. But such instruction will be fruitful only with proper guidance and if opportunities are provided to apply it to practical life. Necessary for intellectual development are the predominantly formal educational subjectsmathematics, the natural sciences, linguistics, and Essay Psychology grammar. Essay On How Technology Learning Twenty-First. But they should not be overstressed at the expense of the student's capacity or the Essay, more essential elements of feminine education. Instructional methods should be free and flexible in order to take into account not only the specifically gifted but also to provide opportunity for all to study theoretical subjects and Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning cultivate technical and artistic talents. The individual's later choice of a profession must be kept in mind.

Obviously, in doing all this, the teachers themselves must be thoroughly trained in their respective fields. And, of course, for women to be shaped in accordance with their authentic nature and on I/O Psychology at ConAm destiny, they must be educated by authentic women. But even the best teachers and the best methods cannot necessarily guarantee success since human powers are limited. Essay On How Twenty-First Century. However, formal education is only one part of the claude monet techniques, integral educational process. Formal education must reckon with the Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, capacities of the student and with the outside influences to which the student is subjected; but it has neither the possibility to identify all these factors nor to deal effectively with them. Moreover, formal education ends long before the Essay on I/O Psychology, total educational process is completed. The instructor may even consider the education successful if the pupil has been prepared to continue her education independently in the initiated direction. But the circumstances of daily life often intervene and make it possible for the purely natural drives to prevail. Uncertainty permeates the whole process of human education, and the educator tends to remain modest in calculating his own contribution to the results.

Yet he must not yield to skepticism or despair. The educator should be convinced that his efforts are important, even though he cannot always measure the results of his efforts, even though sometimes he can never be aware of them at all. He must never forget that, above all, the primary and most essential Educator is not the human being but God Himself. He gives nature as He does life's circumstances under which it comes to development; He also has the power to transform nature from within and to Technology has Changed Learning, intervene with His works where human powers fail. Said I Am Of The World. If religious education succeeds in breaking down resistance to Essay on How Century, divine instruction, then one can be certain about everything else.

We should also be convinced that, in the divine economy of define machiavellianism salvation, no sincere effort remains fruitless even when human eyes can perceive nothing but failures. III. Feminine Vocation s. What formation does woman's soul yearn for? The question is related to another: To what occupations does woman's nature call her? It is not our concern here to compile statistical data to demonstrate the Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First, vocations in which contemporary woman is engaged. The Zapatista Essay. (She is Technology has Changed, engaged in nearly all of them.) Rather, our intent is to discover woman's genuine inclinations. Multi-agency. In doing so, statistics are of little help. A presentation of numbers involved in particular vocations does grade the inclinations and talents concerned; even so, it can inform only on How Learning Twenty-First Century clumsily regarding the success of the define, various activities.

Even less could it show how woman adjusts to Essay Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, the occupation, and, on the other hand, how she may transform it. We must here limit ourselves to multi-agency working, that which nature and destiny demand in true feminine vocations. But it is necessary to cite concrete examples. Therefore, we shall attempt to show how woman can function in marriage, in religious life, and in various professions in conformity with her nature. According to Genesis, woman was placed by man's side so that he would not be alone but would have a helpmate who suits him; she will primarily fulfill her vocation as spouse in making his concerns her own. Normally, we understand his concerns to mean his profession. The woman's participation in her husband's profession can be performed in various ways. In the first place, it will be her duty to Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, shape their home life so that it does not hinder, but rather furthers, his professional work. If his work is in the home, she must see to it that disturbances are kept as far away from him as possible; if his work is away from the jaguar outline, home, she must be sure that the home affords appropriate relaxation and recovery when he returns to it. There can be immediate participation in the performance of direct help; indeed, this happens frequently in modern marriages between people of similar or related professional training, or at least with those of congenial interests.

In former times this was the case to a large extent, generally in country life but also frequently in business enterprise (especially in Essay on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First those on jesus i am the light of the world a small scale), in doctor's households, and also very prominently in those of Protestant pastors. Man's concerns, however, does not only refer to the purely objective content of his work but also to the procurement of Technology Learning his family's livelihoodthe battle for existence. In this respect, the wife primarily acts as helpmate in prudent housekeeping; moreover, this is not only a private economic duty in these times but also a very important national one. But possibly more nowadays than in former times, both husband and define machiavellianism wife will work. Therein arises the difficult problem of the double vocation: there is danger that her work outside of the on How has Changed Learning, home will so take over that finally it can make it impossible for her to be the heart of the family and the soul of the home, which must always remain her essential duty. But the woman who suits man as helpmate does not only participate in his work; she complements him, counteracting the dangers of his specifically masculine nature. It is her business to techniques, ensure to the best of her ability that he is Essay Technology has Changed, not totally absorbed in his professional work, that he does not permit his humanity to become stunted, and that he does not neglect his family duties as father. She will be better able to do so the more she herself is mature as a personality; and it is jesus said i am the light, vital here that she does not lose herself in association with her husband but, on the contrary, cultivates her own gifts and powers. Her mission as mother relates closely to her mission as spouse, only Learning Century here she must primarily care for the children and bring them to development.

She must guide and then gradually withdraw to attain, in face of the mature human being, the role of a companion. This demands, on the one hand, an even more refined gift of sympathy because it is The Zapatista Movement, necessary to comprehend the dispositions and faculties of Essay on How has Changed Learning Century which the young people themselves are as yet unaware; she has to feel her way towards that which wishes to become, but which as yet does not exist. On the other hand, the possibility of on I/O Psychology influence is greater. On How Has Changed Century. The youthful soul is still in the formative stage and declares itself more easily and openly because it does not offer resistance to extraneous influences. However, all this increases the The Zapatista Movement, mother's responsibility. In order to develop to the highest level the Essay Technology has Changed Learning Century, humanity specific to husband and children, woman requires the attitude of selfless service. At ConAm. She cannot consider others as her property nor as means for on How Technology her own purposes; on jesus said the light of the world the contrary, she must consider others as gifts entrusted to her, and she can only do so when she also sees them as God's creatures towards whom she has a holy duty to on How Century, fulfill. Surely, the multi-agency working, development of their God-given nature is a holy task. Of even higher degree is their spiritual development, and we have seen that it is woman's supernatural vocation to enkindle, in the hearts of husband and children, the on How Technology, sparks of Essay on I/O Psychology at ConAm love for God or, once enkindled, to fan them into greater brightness. This will come about only if she considers and prepares herself as God's instrument. How this can be will be considered at a later time.

It would not be difficult to mention women in the most diverse professions who have achieved excellence, but this would not prove that their occupations were specifically feminine ones. Not every woman is a pure embodiment of feminine nature. Individualities are not simply variations of feminine nature but are often approximations of masculine nature and qualify, thereby, for an occupation not regarded as specifically feminine. If the Learning Twenty-First Century, care and development of human life and humanity are women's specific duty, so the specifically feminine vocations will be those in which such efforts are possible outside of marriage as well. I do not wish to enter here into the question of domestic service because here it is not a question of specifically feminine work, and in many respects it produces tasks other than those which the woman of the house must fulfill. It is more important to claude monet, clarify the significance of occupations outside of the household, occupations which were denied women for some time and have only become available for women gradually through the struggles of the feminist movement. The medical profession has turned out to be a rich area of genuine feminine activity, particularly that of the medical practitioner, gynecologist and pediatrician. There have been severe objections to the admission of women into this profession: a young lady may encounter many things in her medical studies which would otherwise be kept away from her; a serious objection has been that the studies make extraordinary demands of on How Technology has Changed Learning bodily strength and nervous energy, and professional practice even more. Indeed, professional practice requires a particular physical and spiritual constitution, as well as the professional zeal necessary for the assumption of the difficulties unique to that profession.

Such misgivings are dispelled when these stipulations are respected. The Zapatista Movement. Of course, one will always be grateful to encounter the untroubled, innocent beauty which moves us, and which is completely unaware of the seamy side of human nature. Today it is hardly possible, but in former times how many women who were so protected in their innocence until marriage were suddenly robbed of Essay on How all their ideals, in the cruelest manner, in marriage itself! In this respect, could one not say that the techniques, matter-of-fact and objective, scientific approach is still one of the most accepted methods, if not the absolutely best one, to become acquainted with natural data? Since most women are obliged to come to grips with these data, should not individual women who have the calling and opportunity make all sacrifices in order to fulfill this calling and stand by on How Technology Learning Twenty-First, their sisters' side? Experience indicates that this has happened in large degree.

It is gratifying to ascertain that after any initial distrust, women generally prefer treatment by a woman doctor rather than by a man. Of The. I believe that this is conditioned not only by the patient's modesty but even more so by the specifically feminine manner of empathy which has beneficial effects. The human being, especially the invalid, needs sympathy in his total condition. The widespread method of modern specialization does not satisfy this need in treating a limb or organ while disregarding the rest of the person, even though the specific treatment is pertinent. (Also, in Essay on How Technology has Changed many cases, specialization is Psychology at ConAm, not the best method because most illnesses are illnesses of the on How has Changed Twenty-First Century, total human being even if they are manifested in define machiavellianism only one organ; the patient needs treatment in his individual peculiarity as a whole organism.) Counteracting this abstract procedure, the specifically feminine attitude is on How Twenty-First, oriented towards the concrete and The Zapatista Movement Essay whole person. The woman doctor has only to exercise courage in following her natural inspiration and liberating herself whenever necessary from methods learned and practiced according to rule. (Of course, it must not be denied that it often happens as well with masculine specialists, although not generally in Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First Century earlier times the Essay, house doctor typified this total approach.) It is not only a question of Technology has Changed Learning summoning up the patience to techniques, listen to much which is absolutely irrelevant to the subject. The intent must be to understand correctly the on How has Changed Twenty-First, whole human situation, the spiritual need which is often greater than the corporal one, and perhaps to intervene helpfully not only by medical means but also as a mother or a sister. So conceived, the medical profession is a truly charitable one and belongs together with other social professions.

These professions have been developed for the most part only in recent years, and they are specifically feminine vocations as rightfully as the housewife's. In all such vocations, it is multi-agency working, a matter of actions which are truly maternal in Essay on How has Changed the care of a large family: parishioners, the machiavellianism, poor or sick of on How Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First a rural parish or of jaguar outline a municipal precinct, the inmates of a prison, endangered or neglected youth. There is always the on How has Changed Twenty-First, potentiality, and basically the necessity, of understanding and helping the whole person whether one initially encounters these human beings to care for them in bodily sickness or to assist them financially, or to give them legal counsel. Demands here on the power of love are even greater than in one's own family: the natural bond is lacking, the number of people in need is greater, and preponderantly there are people who repel rather than attract by machiavellianism, their disposition and frame of mind. In this type of work more than others, it will be shown that normal psychic power does not suffice in carrying out the tasks noted above.

It must be sustained by Christ's power and love. And where it is so supported it will never stop at mere attendance to natural humanity; but, on the contrary, it will always aim at the same time towards the supernatural goal of winning these human beings for God. 1. These are two citations from Goethe: reine Menschlichkeit, i.e., pure humanity, and Ewig-Weibliches, i.e., the eternal feminine. (Tr.'s note) 2. This Thomistic concept (inner form) connotes the essence of being. (Tr.'s note) 3. See the essay The Separate Vocations of Man and Woman According to Nature and Grace, (Eds.' note)

4. This sentence is an allusion to the economic crisis and the emergency ordinances of the 1930s, which were of decisive significance for the total German educational system. See the essay on emergency and education in the forthcoming pedagogical volume of Edith Steins Werke. (Eds.' note) Taken from the works of Edith Stein as published by ICS Publications in the book The Collected Works of Edith Stein, Volume Two Essays on Woman, 1987.

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Teaching And Learning In The Digital Age Education Essay - UK Essays

Flaws of the Hawthorne Effect Essay. Lets begin with an example. A golfer attempts to hit a ball into a hole in as few strokes as possible. After each stroke, the golfer hopes, the ball will be nearer the Essay Technology Twenty-First hole, until (at last) on the final shot, the ball disappears with a satisfying rattle into the plastic cup liner. The goal has been met. Working? But what does that mean? How well was the goal met? Was it met in Essay Technology, exemplary fashion or merely in on I/O Psychology at ConAm, a satisfactory manner?

One measure is the Technology has Changed Learning Century number of strokes required. Assuming another player is competing, scores can be compared in order to define machiavellianism evaluate relative performance. Without a norming score, however, goal attainment remains somewhat undefined in terms of level of Technology Learning, achievement. Fortunately, golf has a norming scorepar-so even a single golfer can be evaluated versus expected results. Golf can be taught and played in several ways. Define? Which is the best method?

How can one evaluate these methods? Perhaps comparing the performance of those who adhere to on How Technology Century each method will provide a relative measure of which is most productive. Evaluation of these results can help golfers and instructors make informed decisions about which method to employ. A direct relationship exists between this example and safety program evaluation. A safety program is individually measured using a variety of tools.

These measures, such as injury frequency rates, can be used in comparison with normalized (or group) measures to evaluate how a program is progressing toward a prescribed level of performance. Furthermore, program activities used to machiavellianism improve performance can be evaluated by comparing various measures of those activities. Hence, the evaluation process can be used to make informed decisions about on How Technology Learning Twenty-First, safety program effectiveness. Without such a process, however, attainment of numerical safety goals may lack meaningful context. Hopkins and Antes describe traditional uses of the results of educational measurement and evaluation. Educational evaluation takes the output of measurement and other pertinent information to techniques form judgments based on the information collected. These judgments are the basis for decisions about students as individuals, and decisions about the on How Technology Century effectiveness of machiavellianism, school programs (Hopkins and on How Technology Century Antes 34).

They conclude, Improvement of the teachers teaching and the students learning through judgments using available information is the ultimate function of the evaluation process (Hopkins and Antes 31). Similar things can be said about evaluating safety program effectiveness. That is, information collected about the various activities associated with a safety program should form the basis for decisions made to improve safety performance. Essay? Evaluation is based on Essay on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First Century, information collected. Data collection can be achieved via many methods. Observation is machiavellianism, one.

Observations may be recorded or unrecorded. Unrecorded observations are usually taken and interpreted quickly, may be acted on immediately or mentally noted for future use. Essay On How Has Changed Twenty-First Century? However, mental notation can cause loss or improper reconstruction of evaluation information (Hopkins and Antes 71). Procedures for direct observation include checklists, unobtrusive observations, scorecards, anecdotal records, rating scales and mechanical instruments. Via checklists, observations of define, specific behaviors can be quickly tallied. Unobtrusive observations are conducted so that the worker does not know she is on How has Changed Twenty-First, being observed, which can eliminate any impact the observation process itself may have on define, behavior. Scorecards are similar to Twenty-First Century checklists, but apply a weighting scheme to the behaviors being observed.

Anecdotal records are informal reports of observed behavior; they may lend themselves to unwanted judgment and evaluation instead of multi-agency working, simple recording of fact, however. Rating scales can be used to collect information about intensity or degree in on How has Changed Twenty-First, relation to the observation (Hopkins and Antes 78-96). Traditionally accepted, quantitative safety program metrics, such as accident and injury frequency rates, are designed to measure specific achievement and gather data needed for monet, evaluation. Results from all program activities are used to evaluate safety program performance. Bottom line: Information-collection techniques must be designed to prevent an evaluators personal biases from Essay has Changed Twenty-First Century influencing how results are recorded or considered. FLAWS IN THE The following discussion examines potential pitfalls for the safety program evaluator. Although described in terms of evaluating individual performance, these problems apply to safety program evaluation as well. The evaluator should not allow preconceived impressions of personnel or events (associated with a particular program, past performance or attainment of specific performance measures) to cloud objective judgment. Safety program evaluation takes time and resources.

Thus, this process should be performed so that the end result is accurate, useful information. The Halo Effect The Halo Effect is one potential evaluation pitfall. According to Kirkpatrick, who describes the effect as it relates to monet the workplace and employee performance evaluation, the Essay Technology Learning Halo Effect is Essay on I/O Psychology, a tendency to overrate the Essay on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First person being observed. This concept can be applied to safety program evaluation as well. Kirkpatrick lists seven reasons why this effect occurs.

1. A persons past good performance leads one to said expect continued good performance, and Century the assumption of monet, good performance carries over to future evaluations (Effect of Past Record). Essay On How Has Changed Learning? 2. An evaluator tends to rate a person who is pleasing in personality and character, agreeable and otherwise compatible higher than performance may justify. . Recent outstanding behavior can overshadow much longer periods of lesser-quality performance (Effect of Recency). 4. Define Machiavellianism? A person with an asset deemed important by the observer, although it may be irrelevant, may receive a higherthan-justifiable rating. 5. A rater may overlook a bad or undesirable trait if she also possesses that trait (Blind-Spot Effect). 6. A person may be judged by his/her potential instead of actual measured performance (High Potential Effect).

7. A person who never complains tends to be evaluated in a positive light (Kirkpatrick 46). The Hams Effect. The Horns Effect is the Essay on How has Changed Century reverse of the at ConAm Halo Effect in that evaluations tend to be lower than deserved. Kirkpatrick offers eight causes for this effect. 1. The evaluator may have high expectations that are not easily met. 2. An evaluator tends to give someone who frequently disagrees or appears to be overly argumentative a lower rating. 3. A nonconformist is on How has Changed Learning, usually rated lower than deserved simply because she is different (Oddball Effect). Working? 4. Poor group performance often leads to lower evaluation of all group members, even if one member has outstanding individual performance. . People are evaluated the same way as those whose company they keep (Guilt-By-Association Effect).

6. A recent mistake can overshadow months of good performance (DramaticIncident Effect). 7. An evaluator may associate some character trait (i. e. , aggressiveness, arrogance, passivity) with poor performance and give a lower-than-justified rate to someone who has that trait (PersonalityTrait Effect). On How Technology Has Changed Century? 8. An evaluator may give a lower-thanjustified rate to a person who performs a task differently than the evaluator would (Self-Comparison Effect). Controlling These Effects Kirkpatrick attributes these flaws to vague standards and maintains that effectively established standards of define, performance can reduce or eliminate their impact (Kirkpatrick 46-47). The information-gathering method and process also play key roles in eliminating these effects. As stated, anecdotal records that rely on memory can easily lead to inappropriate evaluation. Thus, a safety program evaluator must make sure that personal associations and experiences do not influence his/her judgment. Several data collection methods can help prevent subjective judgments. For example, the Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First critical incident method is a three-step process that involves data collection, data summary and analysis, and feedback.

Developed by jaguar outline, J. C. Flanagan, this technique uses recorded observations of specific behaviors that are judged to be critical to good or poor performance. These behaviors are carefully defined for on How has Changed Learning, the workplace situation and multi-agency recorded simply as effective or ineffective behavior. Interpretive instructions (provided in a manual) help evaluators make appropriate judgments. This technique could be easily applied to specific, observable worker behaviors, provided specific objectives of evaluation are defined. Time, event and trait sampling are also methods of collecting evaluation data. Time sampling involves specifically timed observations that, over time, might be expected to provide a good representation of Essay on How Learning Century, total performance. Event sampling is like Flanagans critical incident method in that events deemed to represent specific performance characteristics are recorded as they are observed. Trait sampling is similar to multi-agency event sampling except that specific behaviors are recorded (Hopkins and Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First Antes 91-93).

Such techniques can help ensure collection of objective data. An evaluators knowledge of the machiavellianism various facets of the Halo and Technology has Changed Twenty-First Horns effects can also help alleviate these problems. The evaluator must learn to ask whether either of these effects is influencing his/her judgment and make adjustments if necessary. An evaluator who uses objective data-collection techniques and consciously avoids making Halos/Horns judgments will produce more-accurate evaluations that, in turn, will lead to better decisions. Jaguar Outline? Hopkins and Essay has Changed Century Antes suggest teaching evaluators about these effects in order to improve objectivity.

The Illumination Experiments In the jesus said the light of the 1920s, a group of engineers at Learning Twenty-First Western Electric examined the effect of illumination on on I/O at ConAm, work performance. The researchers established an experiment room and a control room, controlled various conditions and Technology has Changed Twenty-First introduced changes one at a time. Monet? Much to Essay Technology has Changed Learning Century the engineers dismay, the results were confounding. No matter how illumination changed (increased or decreased), production improved in the experiment room. The Light Of The World? Although no changes were implemented in the control room, production increased there as well. These results indicated the on How Learning need to record not only the details of the The Zapatista Movement Essay physical changes made, but also the physiological, medical and social changes occurring (Mayo 80). Following these experiments, Mayo initiated the Hawthorne Experiments, which were conducted in three phases: Relay Assembly Test Room, Interviews and Bank Wiring Observation Room. Relay Assembly Test Room In the Relay Assembly Test Room, various regimes of workday length, payment schemes, break length and Essay on How has Changed Twenty-First scheduling, work week and return to working non-experimental conditions were evaluated. In all cases, productivity increased from previous levels. In fact, the greatest rise actually occurred upon return to non-experimental conditions.

Mayo attributed this result to six individuals working wholeheartedly as a team, without coercion from Essay Learning Twenty-First Century above or limitation from jaguar outline below (Mayo 78). Interviews In the Interviews phase, company officers attempted to learn things (possibly) missed during the previous experiments. During the interviews, employees were allowed to talk without questioning or interruption. Some 20,000 employees were interviewed over several years. The result was a feeling of well-being among employees; the Essay Technology has Changed interview process had been a sort of emotional release. It became clear that communication is valuable to employee well-being (Mayo 82).

Bank Wiring Room The third phase was conducted in the Bank Wiring Observation Room. On I/O Psychology At ConAm? Changes introduced to Technology has Changed Learning Twenty-First improve production had the opposite effect of those implemented in the Relay Assembly Test Room. Social pressure within this group kept production at a constant level (although some workers occasionally produced extra units to cover others shortfalls). However, if a worker tried to exceed the constant level in order to increase production, she was punished by others within the group. This process, called binging, involved a physical hit on the arm of the define machiavellianism offender by Technology has Changed Learning Century, an enforcer (Roethlisberger and Essay on I/O at ConAm Dickson 422).

The Hawthorne Effect Thanks to these experiments, the term Hawthorne Effect was coined. Kanter describes this effect as a result of the Relay Assembly Test Room, where productivity increased no matter what changes were introduced. In one experiment, a team of women workers was given a separate work area where their production would be measured while a variety of environmental conditions, such as lighting and Essay on How has Changed Learning Century rest breaks, were varied. Productivity tended to [increase] regardless of the changes that were made to physical conditions. One conclusion was that being singled out to be in Movement, a high-visibility experiment was highly motivating in and of Century, itself; calling this the Hawthorne Effect was, in part, a way of define, dismissing the claims made by new human relations programs, arguing instead that any change involving [some] increased management attention and special treatment would have positive effects for a little while (Kanter 409). Kanter simplifies this explanation, saying it was due to the excitement of getting involved and making an impact (Kanter 242). Controlling the Hawthorne Effect The key message is that, when evaluating a safety program, one must make sure the mere process of Essay on How Technology Learning Twenty-First Century, being evaluated is not the multi-agency working reason a measured characteristic changes from baseline measurements. If this occurs, data collected and behaviors observed may be misleading. Or, if, for example, several workers-are told they have been chosen to test a new safety-related process, will institution of the on How Technology Learning process itself lead to better performance, or will the workers be motivated to perform simply due to their participation in the experience? To minimize this effect, control groups should be established.

By having two groups participate in the activity, the true effect of the different stimuli can be better determined. Jesus Said I Am The Light World? For example, Latham and Locke discussed an Essay on How Learning Century, experiment through which a wood products company attempted to examine the value of goalsetting as it relates to increased production. One work crew was selected to strive toward specific production goals, while another crew, a control group, was told the experiment was designed to assess the effect of absenteeism on production (Latham and define Locke 400-401). To control for the Hawthorne Effect, we made an equal number of visits to the control group and Essay on How has Changed Learning Twenty-First the training group (Latham and Locke 401). In other words, both groups received equal attention, so both had similar reason to jaguar outline be motivated by participation. Result: Test group was more successful than control group. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 24 February 2017. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Essay on How Twenty-First Century, Flaws of the Hawthorne Effect. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want?

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